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D/Public Expenditure and reform, Government Buildings,
Merrion Street, Dublin 2
Conference Room 0.2, South Block
2.00pm, W...
Table of Contents
• Programmable City project
• Data Management
• 2 data use case examples
• Transit
• Homelessness
• All ...
The Programmable City
• A European Research Council (ERC: €2.3m) and
Science Foundation of Ireland (SFI: €200k) funded
• S...
MIT Press 2011 Sage 2014
Aim of the ERC
project is to build
off and extend a
decade of work that
culminated in
Code/Space ...
Objectives
How is the city translated into software and data?
How do software and data reshape the city?
Translation:
City...
Sub-Projects
Translation:
City into code & data
Transduction:
Code & data reshape city
Understanding the
city
(Knowledge)
...
Data Management
Data Management Framework
Jeff Pitot de La Beaujardière, Data Management Architect at NOAA
https://geo-ide.noaa.gov/wiki/i...
Transit Data Use Case
Public Transit Conversation
Privatizing public transport from the periphery to the centre?
• Data Sources
• Dublin Bus rou...
Transit & Demographic Data
Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast
https://irelan...
Transportation Applications
http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/rtpi/sources-of-real-time-information
http://www.apps4ottawa.ca
/en...
Homeless Data Use Case
Homelessness
• Dublin Region Homeless
Executive (DRHE) -
Research and Data Advisory
Committee (RDAC)
• Housing Agency
• DR...
Data collection
http://www.homelessdublin.ie/pass
http://www.dublincity.ie/official-street-count-figures-rough-
sleeping-w...
Data dissemination
http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/
http://www.environ.ie/...
Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness
“https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Pilot+Atlas+of+the+Risk+of+Homeless...
Risk of Homelessness
Indicators Across Time
Aging Social Housing Stock by
Neighbourhood: Toronto
Municipal Data Collection Tool
All-Island Research Observatory
All-Island Research Observatory
• Spatial data portal and consultancy specializing in
evidence-based planning
• Been opera...
AIRO – data, maps, services
Dublin Dashboard
Partnership & Funding
• Developed (Start 2013):
• The Programmable City project
• All-Island Research Observatory (AIRO)
•...
The Dublin Dashboard includes:
• real-time information
• time-series indicator data
• & interactive maps about all aspects...
Why produce a Dublin Dashboard?
• To answer the following questions:
• How well is Dublin performing?
• What’s happening i...
Logic & principles
• Provides practical, useful, accessible city intelligence to public,
government and companies to aid e...
• How’s Dublin Doing?
• Dublin Indicators and benchmarking
tools
• Dublin Real-Time
• Real-time data from sensors across
D...
Next steps
• The Dashboard is extensive, but far from finished
• It is an on-going project and we are working on:
• adding...
www.dublindashboard.ie
https://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity
@ProgCity
Acknowledgements
Programmable City project res...
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What can be done with Open Data?

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Open Data Seminar
Department of Public Expenditure and Reform
D/Public Expenditure and reform, Government Buildings,
Merrion Street, Dublin 2
Conference Room 0.2, South Block
2.00pm, Wednesday 11 February 2015

Tracey P. Lauriault and Rob Kitchin
Programmable City Project, NIRSA, Maynooth University

Published in: Data & Analytics
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What can be done with Open Data?

  1. 1. D/Public Expenditure and reform, Government Buildings, Merrion Street, Dublin 2 Conference Room 0.2, South Block 2.00pm, Wednesday 11 February 2015 Tracey P. Lauriault and Rob Kitchin Programmable City Project, NIRSA, Maynooth University Open Data Seminar Department of Public Expenditure and Reform What can be done with Open Data?
  2. 2. Table of Contents • Programmable City project • Data Management • 2 data use case examples • Transit • Homelessness • All Island Research Observatory (AIRO) • Dublin Dashboard
  3. 3. The Programmable City • A European Research Council (ERC: €2.3m) and Science Foundation of Ireland (SFI: €200k) funded • SH3: Environment and Society • Team of 11 researchers • 1 PI; 4 Pd Researchers; 5 PhD students • Key themes: smart cities, software, ubiquitous computing, locative media, big and open data • Primary site: Dublin; Secondary site: Boston • 5 years (started June 2013)
  4. 4. MIT Press 2011 Sage 2014 Aim of the ERC project is to build off and extend a decade of work that culminated in Code/Space book (MIT Press) with a set of detailed empirical studies Aim
  5. 5. Objectives How is the city translated into software and data? How do software and data reshape the city? Translation: City into Code/Data Transduction: Code/Data Reshapes City THE CITYSOFTWARE Discourses, Practices, Knowledge, Models Mediation, Augmentation, Facilitation, Regulation
  6. 6. Sub-Projects Translation: City into code & data Transduction: Code & data reshape city Understanding the city (Knowledge) How are digital data materially & discursively supported & processed about cities & their citizens? (Tracey, PdR) How does software drive public policy development & implementation? (Bob /Aoife PhDs) Managing the city (Governance) How are discourses & practices of city governance translated into code? How is software used to regulate & govern city life? (Jim, PhD) Working in the city (Production) How is the geography & political economy of software production organised? (Alan, PhD) How does software alter the form & nature of work? (Leighton, PdR) Living in the city (Social Politics) How is software discursively produced & legitimated by vested interests? (Darach, PhD) How does software transform the spatiality & spatial behaviour of individuals? (Sung-Yueh, PdR) Creating the smart city Dublin Dashboard (Gavin, PdR)
  7. 7. Data Management
  8. 8. Data Management Framework Jeff Pitot de La Beaujardière, Data Management Architect at NOAA https://geo-ide.noaa.gov/wiki/images/9/97/Wksp3-201208_Interagency_NOAA-DM-Architecture_DeLaBeaujardiere.pdf
  9. 9. Transit Data Use Case
  10. 10. Public Transit Conversation Privatizing public transport from the periphery to the centre? • Data Sources • Dublin Bus routes considered for privatisation - 23 Dublin Bus & 5 Bus Éireann routes • CSO/AIRO maps at small area & electoral division to examine what public is served by public transport • Data Sets: • Population by social class – professional workers, skilled manual labour • Private Car Ownership • Deprivation Index • Analysis • Core – periphery analysis of bus route privatization • Examine demographics of ‘orbital’ areas served by proposed privatised bus routes • Effects of frequency of service delivery to different populations • Limitations • Absence of route-specific passenger load data Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast https://irelandafternama.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/privatizing-public-transport-from-the-periphery-to-the-centre/
  11. 11. Transit & Demographic Data Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast https://irelandafternama.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/privatizing-public-transport-from-the-periphery-to-the-centre/
  12. 12. Transportation Applications http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/rtpi/sources-of-real-time-information http://www.apps4ottawa.ca /en/apps/68 “In Transit” part of the Cabspotting program run by the Exploratorium, using data from Yellow Cab and visualisations Stamen Design - See more at: http://www.ethanzuckerman.com/blog/2008/12/26/mapping-infrastructure- and-flow/#sthash.qar3OcMV.dpuf
  13. 13. Homeless Data Use Case
  14. 14. Homelessness • Dublin Region Homeless Executive (DRHE) - Research and Data Advisory Committee (RDAC) • Housing Agency • DRHE • Public Health • Focus Ireland • School of Social work and Social Policy TCD • Programmable City, NUIM • School of Business, TCD • HSE Network of Decision makers • Homelessness Oversight Committee • National Homeless Consultative Committee • Dublin Joint Homelessness Consultative Forum • 2016 Census Advisory Committee • Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government • Local Authorities/HSE • Charitable organizations • Housing and service providers ...more
  15. 15. Data collection http://www.homelessdublin.ie/pass http://www.dublincity.ie/official-street-count-figures-rough- sleeping-winter-2014-across-dublin-region http://www.cso.ie/en/census/census2011reports/ho melesspersonsinirelandaspecialcensus2011report/
  16. 16. Data dissemination http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/ http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/
  17. 17. Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness “https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Pilot+Atlas+of+the+Risk+of+Homelessness
  18. 18. Risk of Homelessness Indicators Across Time
  19. 19. Aging Social Housing Stock by Neighbourhood: Toronto
  20. 20. Municipal Data Collection Tool
  21. 21. All-Island Research Observatory
  22. 22. All-Island Research Observatory • Spatial data portal and consultancy specializing in evidence-based planning • Been operating since 2005 (initially as CBRRO) • Interactive mapping & graphing modules both North/South
  23. 23. AIRO – data, maps, services
  24. 24. Dublin Dashboard
  25. 25. Partnership & Funding • Developed (Start 2013): • The Programmable City project • All-Island Research Observatory (AIRO) • Partnership: • Dublin City Council • Funded: • European Research Council • Science Foundation Ireland • 2 years of funding (spread over 3 years)
  26. 26. The Dublin Dashboard includes: • real-time information • time-series indicator data • & interactive maps about all aspects of the city Benefits: • detailed, up to date intelligence about the city that aids everyday decision making and fosters evidence-informed analysis. Freely available data sources: • Dublin City Council • Dublinked • Central Statistics Office • Eurostat • government departments • links to a variety of existing applications Produced by: • The Programmable City project • All-Island research Observatory (AIRO) at Maynooth University • working with Dublin City Council Funded by : • the European Research Council (ERC) • Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
  27. 27. Why produce a Dublin Dashboard? • To answer the following questions: • How well is Dublin performing? • What’s happening in the city right now? • Where are the nearest facilities to me? • What are the patterns of population, employment, crime, housing, etc in the city? • What are the future development plans? • How do I report issues about the city? • How can I freely access data about the city?
  28. 28. Logic & principles • Provides practical, useful, accessible city intelligence to public, government and companies to aid everyday decision making, evidence-informed debate, and policy formulation • Pull together data about all aspects of the city – including real- time info - from as many sources as possible (e.g., DCC, Dublinked, CSO, Eurostat, govt depts) • Select data that are: • systematic and continuous in operation and coverage • timely and traceable over time • Data displayed through an analytical dashboard that uses interactive data visualisations that require no a priori knowledge to use • Produced as a platform that leverages existing resources and encourages new app development. • The data are open for others to use and re-work.
  29. 29. • How’s Dublin Doing? • Dublin Indicators and benchmarking tools • Dublin Real-Time • Real-time data from sensors across Dublin • Dublin Mapped • Detailed Census maps for 2006 & 2011 Census, crime, live register • Dublin Planning • Zoning and planning permissions • Dublin Near To Me • Maps of location and nearness to public services, area profiles • Dublin Housing • Maps of housing, house prices and commuting patterns • Dublin Reporting • FixMyStreet, CityWatch, FixMyArea • Dublin Data Stores • Access to all data used in the dashboard • Dublin Social (in progress) • Maps of social media activity • Dublin Modelled (in progress) • Modelling and scenario tools • Dublin Apps (in progress) • Directory of apps relevant to Dublin • Have Your Say (in progress) • Feedback from users
  30. 30. Next steps • The Dashboard is extensive, but far from finished • It is an on-going project and we are working on: • adding more real-time data • extending indicator/benchmarking data and mapping modules • opening up more datasets and encouraging new data generation, more geo-referencing of data, and better ways to share data (APIs, machine-readable) • adding new modules: city snapshot, social media, modelling (needs investment), links to city apps • translating for mobile platforms (e.g. tablet/smartphone apps) • encouraging others to leverage data and add new apps • We’re interested in working with any interested parties to help develop Dashboard further or to implement it for different places
  31. 31. www.dublindashboard.ie https://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity @ProgCity Acknowledgements Programmable City project research is funded by a European Research Council Advanced Investigator award (ERC-2012-AdG-323636-SOFTCITY). "Great cities embrace the data ... they are not defensive about it ... they improve" Louisville Mayor, Greg Fischer

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