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Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers

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Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India -
6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development

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Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers

  1. 1. www.unhabitat.af
  2. 2. 2 Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  3. 3. 3 Outline Section 1 – Trends Section 2 – Challenges Section 3 – Strategies, Policies, Tools Section 4 – Alignment with New Urban Agenda Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  4. 4. 4 Section 1 – Trends Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  5. 5. 5 Slums Definition ‘UN-Habitat defines a slum household as a group of people living under the same roof in an urban area who lack one or more of the following conditions: durable housing, sufficient living area, access to clean water, access to proper sanitation and secure tenure.’ Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  6. 6. 6 Global Trends • By 2012, nearly 33 percent of the urban residents in the world’s developing regions still lived in slums. Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  7. 7. 7 Global Trends • Global number of urban slum dwellers estimated at 863 million in 2012, up from 760 million in 2000, and 650 million in 1990 Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  8. 8. 8 Trends in Asia Pacific Region Slum population declined significantly between 1995 to 2014 • East Asia from 39% to 25% • South-East Asia from 45% to 26% • South Asia from 53% to 30%. Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  9. 9. 9 Trends: Asia Pacific Region • Slum dwellers in the region • Global slum population in the region • Urban residents without access to drinking water • Urban residents without access to improved sanitation 500million 50percent 55million 480million Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  10. 10. 10 Section 2 – Challenges Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  11. 11. 11 Challenges: Asia-Pacific Region • Housing unaffordability forcing urban poor into substandard housing • Out-dated legislations in rental market hampering housing supply Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  12. 12. 12 Challenges: Asia-Pacific Region • Overcrowding impacts quality of life, health and safety • In Hong Kong, 67000 housing units occupied by 171300 persons; Average area per capita: 6.5 sq.m Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  13. 13. 13 Challenges: Asia-Pacific Region • Unrecognised settlements are excluded from official urban statistics • Settlements may not even appear on any city map Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  14. 14. 14 Challenges: Asia-Pacific Region • Unsuitable location such as hillsides, flood-prone areas, and agricultural land in the urban hinterlands Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  15. 15. 15 Challenges: Asia-Pacific Region • Exclusion of economic migrants, internally displaced persons • In Afghanistan, large influx of returnees; 250,000 returnees to date in 2016; 700,000 persons expected in next few months Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  16. 16. 16 Challenges: Summary • Low levels of tenure security and constant threat of eviction • Lack of access to basic services - safe water and improved sanitation • Overcrowding • Poor structural quality of the house • Higher vulnerability to insecurity, crime and disasters • Lack of governance structures Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  17. 17. 17 Section 3 – Strategies, Policies, Tools Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  18. 18. 18 Evidence-based Policy Design In Afghanistan, Two Flagship Publications 1. State of Afghan Cities, 2015 2. Atlas of Afghan City Regions, 2016 o Irregular housing in Kabul:66%; total: 263,517 units o National: 63% (avg.); total 608,700 units Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  19. 19. 19 Key Findings: Informal Settlements & Housing • Urban areas are Informal Settlements in Kabul • Vacant area in cities • New housing units needed per year • Housing demand from low and very low income families 70percent 27percent 43,000 77percent Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  20. 20. Policy Response • Holistic policy approach encompassing livelihoods • Urban National Priority Programme • Informal Settlements Upgrading Policy • Community-Level Financing Tools Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 20
  21. 21. Policy Response: Holistic policy approach India - four prioritizing slum improvement and poverty alleviation: 1. Enhancing the productivity of the urban poor by building skills and providing access to micro-credit; 2. Improving the living conditions of the poor through provision of basic services and in-situ development of slum settlements; 3. Providing security of tenure to poor families living in unauthorized settlements and improving their access to serviced low-cost housing and subsidized housing finance; and 4. Empowering the urban poor through community development and encouraging their participation in decision- making. Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 21
  22. 22. Policy Response: Urban National Priority Programme Pillar One: Strengthen Urban Governance and Institutions 6 objectives Pillar Two: Ensure Adequate Housing & access to Basic Urban Services for all Pillar Three: Harness the Urban Economy and Infrastructure 7 objectives 6 objectives 2.2. Upgrading informal settlements to integrate into the urban fabric; Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 22
  23. 23. • Upgrading and Land re-adjustment, if needed • Redevelopment and Relocation Policy Response: Informal Settlements Upgrading Policy Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 23
  24. 24. • Micro-credit institutions to partly cover basic service delivery • Community contributions for neighborhood upgrading Policy Response: Community Level Financing Tools Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 24
  25. 25. Flagship Programmes • Slum Rehabilitation Schemes • Cities For All • Sustainable Reintegration through Inclusive Urban Areas Support Program Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 25
  26. 26. • In-situ redevelopment: Since 1995, Slum Rehabilitation Authority offers formal housing free of cost to slum dwellers • Relocation to alternative sites in proximity to livelihoods Flagship Programmes: Slum Rehabilitation Schemes Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 26
  27. 27. • Secure land tenure for all Afghans • Increasing municipal revenues through safayi taxes • Promoting urban economy and investment • Creating hope and stability for urban Afghans Flagship Programmes: Cities For All (CFA) Programme Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 27
  28. 28. • Rapid Land Identification and Allocation Process • Incremental Housing • China: demolishing dilapidated traditional neighborhoods and building large quantities of new housing Flagship Programmes: Sustainable Reintegration Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 28
  29. 29. 29 Section 4 – Alignment with New Urban Agenda Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  30. 30. 30 Alignment with New Urban Agenda • People’s process: knowledge rests with community; need to harness this rather than approach as a purely ‘technical problem’ CDC and Gozar participatory mapping of neighbourhoods – Residents know exactly the boundaries, ownership, renters, public properties, etc Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  31. 31. 31 Alignment with New Urban Agenda • Institutional anchoring is crucial to build accountability and transparency, and champion the urban agenda • In Afghanistan, Urban High Council, instituted consisting of more than 15 government agencies Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  32. 32. Alignment with New Urban Agenda Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development 32 • Urban planning and redevelopment interventions based on situation assessment across multiple criteria
  33. 33. 33 Alignment with New Urban Agenda • Reactive and proactive strategies are needed in tandem to improve existing conditions and prevent future crisis Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  34. 34. 34 Alignment with New Urban Agenda • Monitoring framework embedded in the policies and programmes to objectively track progress towards delivery with transparency, accountability, and anti- corruption oversight Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers, 14-16 December 2016, India 6th Asian Pacific Ministerial Confernce on Housing and Urban Development
  35. 35. 35 www.unhabitat.af

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