Community Outreach Strategy for Slum Improvement Project

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Community Outreach Strategy for Slum Improvement Project

  1. 1. Slum Upgrading Project Kibera, Kenya Community Outreach Strategy Josie Noah December 3, 2008
  2. 2. Kibera & UN-HABITAT <ul><li>Slum near Nairobi, Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>630 acres </li></ul><ul><li>1 million residents </li></ul><ul><li>UN-HABITAT headquartered in Nairobi </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Official Villages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegal settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infectious Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragile Landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundations </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Goal of Project A Detailed Community Plan for Kibera that outlines the following:
  5. 5. Methodology <ul><li>SARAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-esteem, associative strength, resourcefulness, action planning & responsibility for follow through </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active engagement of residents to understand the community’s resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeting populations that have low literacy rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigative (areas where little is known about the population) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Community Outreach Strategy
  7. 7. Phase 1: Understanding the Community <ul><li>Time Frame: 1-1 ½ years </li></ul>
  8. 8. Components <ul><li>Three Pile Sorting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine priorities within the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A set of pictures showing different projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sort by prioritization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Census </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each village, door to door </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gather information on housing, business, population, language, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Participatory Mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical and socio-economic characteristics of the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain local community knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orthophoto/Sketching </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Pocket Charts <ul><li>Determining use of water, location of trash dumping, schools, bathroom facilities, & markets </li></ul><ul><li>Vote by token </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Where do you get your water for drinking, bathing, washing? From the river? Water vendor? Water tank? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Phase 2: Analysis & Plan Development <ul><li>Time Frame: 6-9 months </li></ul>
  11. 11. Components <ul><li>Analysis of and Compilation of Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compile findings and share with community through visual techniques (maps, diagrams) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implementation Charrette </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop an implementable community plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kibera-wide to village-wide </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Charrette Schedule <ul><li>9:00 am – 2:00 pm </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday—Tuesday (off Saturday and Sunday) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weds-Thurs (Kibera) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thurs-Tues (Village) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Designers remain after 2:00 pm during doodle & draw phases </li></ul>
  13. 13. Kibera Slum Upgrading Plan <ul><li>Kibera </li></ul><ul><li>Understand overall flow of community </li></ul><ul><li>Locate resources </li></ul><ul><li>Villages </li></ul><ul><li>Water, Sewer & Trash Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Affordable Housing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relocation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit Expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Service Needs & Placement </li></ul>
  14. 14. Key Stakeholders Stakeholder Level of Influence Level of Interest UN-HABITAT A A City of Nairobi A A Government of Kenya B+ B Nairobi City Planning & Architecture Dept. B B- Kibera Police C C Public Health Organizations B A Community Organizations B A Environmental Organizations B A Educational Institutions C A Villages of Kibera, Village Elders C A Residents of Kibera D A Waste Management Companies D C Water/Sewer Service Providers D C Local Housing Developers D C
  15. 15. Phase 3: Preparation for Implementation <ul><li>Time Frame: 3-6 months </li></ul>
  16. 16. Components <ul><li>Public Meetings/Open Houses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Held by Village </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stations/Experts by Topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visuals! Visuals! Visuals! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity for Feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Production of the Final Community Plan for Implementation </li></ul>

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