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Transportation and Sustainability: EVs and the SmartGrid JohnThornton CleanFuture 090505

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Clean Energy Special Interest Group …

Clean Energy Special Interest Group
Oregon TiE (The Indus Entrepeneurs)
May 5, 2009

Published in: Technology, Business

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    • 1. Transportation and Sustainability:  Electric Vehicles (EVs) and the Smart Grid as Enabling Technologies John A. Thornton [email_address] Clean Energy Special Interest Group Oregon TiE (The Indus Entrepreneurs) Portland, Oregon USA May 5, 2009 Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 2. Overview
      • Background
      • Electrification of Automobile
      • Sustainability imperative
        • Environmental, economic, energy independence/geopolitical (and other) rationale
      • EVs and the Smart Grid
      • Start-ups and job creation
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 3. Affiliations & Disclaimer Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 4. Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 5. Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 6. Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 7. Technology Transformation xEV Transformation Dirty “ Old” technology Inefficient Clean “ New” technology Efficient EV PHEV NEV FCEV etc., etc. Hybrid (HEV) Tiny Explosions inside engine Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 8. Electrification of Transport Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 9. Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 10. Transportation Problems CONFIDENTIAL Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton Air Quality Air Quality Land Use Land Use Population Growth Population Growth Congestion Congestion Fuel Prices Fuel Prices
    • 11. CONFIDENTIAL Air Quality Air Quality Land Use Land Use Population Growth Population Growth Congestion Congestion Climate Change Energy Supply Climate Change Energy Supply Transportation Problems Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton X X Fuel Prices Fuel Prices
    • 12. EVs as a Sustainability Solution Residential Commercial Electric Power EVs and PHEVs diversify energy supply Electricity is a cleaner “fuel” EVs and PHEVs have lower Wells-to-wheels impact Off-peak capacity Energy can come from renewable sources (RPS) Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 13. EVs as a Sustainability Solution Residential Commercial Electric Power EVs and PHEVs diversify energy supply Electricity is a cleaner “fuel” EVs and PHEVs have lower Wells-to-wheels impact Off-peak capacity Energy can come from renewable sources (RPS) Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 14. Electricity – Growing Greener: Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) Source: Pew Center for Global Climate Change (September 2008) http://www.pewclimate.org/what_s_being_done/in_the_states/rps.cfm OR: 25% by 2025 WA: 15% by 2020 CA: 20% by 2010 NV: 20% by 2015 AZ: 15% by 2025 MT: 15% by 2015 Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 15. Renewables and Variability Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 16. EVs and the Smart Grid
      • Smart Grid
      • A power supply system equipped with real-time communication, digital automation, transactive coordination, and resource control technology.
      • Capable of two-way interaction with load, generation and storage resources
      • Smart Grid technology manages flow of power to/from EVs
      • Smart Charging
        • Allows utilities to manage the one-way flow of electricity to EVs, within parameters set by owners. Able to adapt charging to grid requirements
          • Slowing during high demand
          • Increasing with availability of renewable energy
      • Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
        • Manages the two-way flow of power to between EVs and the grid. Electricity can be stored in the vehicle and returned to the grid as needed.
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 17. xEV, Building and Grid Interconnection Scenarios
      • V0G - Vehicle starts charging as soon as plugged in, like an appliance
      • TC (Timed Charge) – vehicle charges at a given time.
      • V1G (Smart Charging) – vehicle charges with intelligence.
        • V1.0G – Smart Charge controls and user-interface (UI) on vehicle
        • V1.5G – Smart Charging with off-board communication – DR or limited A/S
      • V2B (Vehicle-to-Building): like V2G, except with building (not grid). “Microgrid-like application” with bi-directional energy flow
      • V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid): like V1G, except the car can discharge energy back to grid with bi-directional energy flow.
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 18. xEV, Building and Grid Interconnection Scenarios
      • V0G - Vehicle starts charging as soon as plugged in, like an appliance
      • TC (Timed Charge) – vehicle charges at a given time.
      • V1G (Smart Charging) – vehicle charges with intelligence.
        • V1.0G – Smart Charge controls and user-interface (UI) on vehicle
        • V1.5G – Smart Charging with off-board communication – DR or limited A/S
      • V2B (Vehicle-to-Building): like V2G, except with building (not grid). “Microgrid-like application” with bi-directional energy flow
      • V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid): like V1G, except the car can discharge energy back to grid with bi-directional energy flow.
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 19. Smart Charging
      • Smart Charging refers to a spectrum of technologies that involve plug‐in vehicles, either plug‐in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) or dedicated electric vehicles (EV), together referred to as plug‐in vehicles, interacting with the electrical grid beyond simple charging of the vehicle batteries .
      • Time-of-day charging
      • Time‐of‐use rates
      • Smart “Fill” Charging
      • Demand response programs
      • Critical Peak Pricing
      • Charger “load”shaping
        • To maximize capture of renewable generation
      • Vehicle to Home (V2H)
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 20. EV Connectivity Content
    • 21. EV and Smart Grid Summary
      • Electrification of transport sector
        • Additional loads, additional opportunities
      • Smart Grid
        • Enables aggregation of EVs as Generation equivalent resources
          • Demand side management
          • Balance renewable generation with controlled loads
          • Ancillary Services
      • “ Electrified vehicles could be the “killer application” for Smart Grid.”
        • RMI - Smart Garage Charratte pre-read (v2.0, Oct-2008)
      • Green Jobs
        • Smart Grid integration
        • EVs and clean vehicle technologies
          • Start-ups in Oregon
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 22. Clean Vehicle Supply Chain: Emerging Growth in Oregon 12 9 1 2 Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 23. Clean Vehicle Supply Chain: Emerging Growth in Oregon 12 9 1 2 Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 24. Industry Growth Determinants
      • Establish early markets
        • Niche markets
      • Amass and train a skilled workforce
      • Encourage the creation of consortia
        • Research and Development
        • Commercialization
        • Education
      • Provide access to capital
      • Make available start-up and small business programs
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 25. Industry Growth Determinants
      • Establish early markets
        • Niche markets
      • Amass and train a skilled workforce
      • Encourage the creation of consortia
        • Research and Development
        • Commercialization
        • Education
      • Provide access to capital
      • Make available start-up and small business programs
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton
    • 26. Thank You!
      • Questions / Comments:
      • [email_address]
      • 503-806-1760
      Oregon TiE - Smart Grid / EV Presentation by John Thornton