A  Part 6 Lifting Operations
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A Part 6 Lifting Operations

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Health and Safety Course Lifting Operations

Health and Safety Course Lifting Operations

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A  Part 6 Lifting Operations A Part 6 Lifting Operations Presentation Transcript

  • Lifting Operations & Lifting Appliances
  • LOLAR 98 Lifting appliances must be of adequate strength & stability, as must the load itself Lifting appliances used for lifting people must be designed to prevent falls, crushing, trapping or striking Equipment must be positioned and installed to prevent load drifting, free-falling or unintentional release from causing injury SWL and other necessary safe use information marked on the equipment
  • LOLAR 98 Lifting operations must be properly planned, organised, supervised and carried out safely Equipment must be thoroughly examined after installation and prior to service. Equipment for lifting people must be examined and tested every 6 months; other equipment every 12 months Any defects must be reported to employer, with particulars as specified in Schedule 1 to the Regs. If defects are found, equipment must not be used until they are remedied Records must be kept
  • Cranes Types: Tower Crane  Mobile Crane  Derrick Cranes  Gantry Cranes  Overhead Cranes 
  • Cranes Safety Devices: SWL/Radius Indicator  Automatic Safe Load Indicator 
  • Factors to Consider when Selecting a Crane Weight & dimension of loads Height of lifts and distances/areas of movement of loads Number and frequency of lifts Duration of operations Site ground conditions Space available for crane access, erection, operation & dismantling
  • Platform Hoists There are 2 main types: Cantilever type  Enclosed structure type 
  • Lifting Appliances Jacks Screw Jacks  Ratchet Jacks  Hydraulic  Winches
  • Lifting Accessories Ropes Block & Tackle Chains Eyebolts
  • Safe Use of Ropes & Wires Must be in good condition before use I.e. not frayed or corroded Ropes & wires must be protected from sharp edges of load by use of packing No knots or hitches in slings or lifting ropes Never drag ropes or wires over the ground When using more than one sling, ensure they are of the same material
  • Safe Use of Chains Never use chains with links locked or stretched Never hammer distorted links into position Never use corroded or worn chains Do not drag a chain from under a load Do not drop chains from height Do not use a chain over sharp corners without padding Chain life is increased by lubrication
  • Safe Use of Lifting Accessories Never use hooks if there is any distortion or cracks Rings and shackles must be checked to see they are not distorted or cracked
  • Storage of Ropes, Wires, Chains & Lifting Accessories Trained and competent stores Stores must be dry, well ventilated and free from corrosion Ropes must be stored away from sunlight and heaters Stored material should have a systematic layout
  • Storage of Ropes, Wires, Chains & Lifting Accessories Store should have area where simple maintenance can be carried out Store should be secure An are where paperwork can be carried out should be provided
  • Lifting Operations Site Conditions Access/egress routes  Inclines/gradients  Location of adjacent buildings  Location of overhead lines  Ground firm enough to support crane and  outriggers No voids exist e.g. manholes, drains etc. 
  • Lifting Operations Planning the lift Correct crane  Space for access, egress and movement  Suitable ground conditions  Crane is level  Underground services are protected  No overhead or side obstructions  Overhead power lines are isolated 
  • Lifting Operations Planning the lift Area around lift is demarcated  Load is within SWL of crane  Location of lifting points ensure load is level  Lifting points are strong enough to take the  load There are no persons under the load AT ANY  TIME
  • Lifting Operations Planning the lift Crane driver is given clear instruction by  slinger/signaler, either by hand signals or radio All involved understand their role and are  competent to undertake it All checks on crane and operator  documentation are made Safety helmets are required to be worn by all  staff are in vicinity Competent supervision 
  • Lifting Operations Inspection Cranes must have an examination & test  loading every 4 years A thorough examination is required every 12  months and an inspection and a test of the safe load indicator should be undertaken each week Inspections must be recorded 