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Work At Height


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Working safely at height

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Work At Height

  1. 1. The Work at Height Regulations Where we are at the moment Key messages about work at height
  2. 2. Drivers for Change  Statistics: fall from height a major hazard  Existing piecemeal legislation  Temporary Work at Height Directive
  3. 3. Statistics  Biggest Killer 67 Fatal Accidents 2003/04  3884 Major Accidents 2003/04  Until this year always 2nd biggest cause of major accidents  2/3 of all major injuries caused by ‘low falls’ (below 2mtrs)
  4. 4. Other Drivers for Change  Patchwork of existing legislation  Construction Health Safety & Welfare  Workplace Health Safety and Welfare.  PUWER & LOLER  Temporary Work at Height Directive (2001/45/EC
  5. 5. Current shape of the Regulations - Organisation and planning - Competence - Risk assessment - Fragile surfaces/falling objects and danger areas - Inspection of work equipment - Duties on persons at work
  6. 6. What is work at height?  Work in any place from which a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury  Includes  access and egress  work at or below ground level  Does not include stairways or slips or trips on the level 
  7. 7. Which Industries are covered?  Covers all industries: e.g. construction, agriculture, manufacturing, retail, maintenance,warehouse etc  Duty holders are:  employers;  self-employed; and  those in control of people at work, to the extent of their control
  8. 8. Organisation, Planning, Competenc e Work at height should be • Properly planned • Appropriately supervised • Not carried out if weather conditions jeopardise health and safety  Those working at height should be • competent or if being trained supervised by a competent person
  9. 9. Steps for safe working at height  Regulation 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at work Regulations  Do a risk assessment
  10. 10. Steps for safe working at height  Avoid work at height  if you don’t have to go up there DON’T!  Prevent falls  use an existing place or means of access  Use the most suitable way of working  Select the most suitable equipment
  11. 11. Steps for safe work at height  Minimise the distance and consequences  Minimise the consequences  Take other suitable measures to control the risk eg instruction, information and training
  12. 12. Selecting the right work equipment  Collective protection before personal protection  Working conditions  Access and Egress  Distance and consequences of a fall  Duration and frequency of use/task  Ease of rescue/evacuation  Risk of use, installation and removal of equipment
  13. 13. Work Equipment for work at height  Existing places of work  Collective prevention inc guard rails etc  Working platforms - MEWPS, Scaffold etc  Collective fall arrest – airbags, nets  Personal Fall Protection – work positioning work restraint/ rope access/fall arrest  Ladders/stepladders etc
  14. 14. Other Precautions  Avoid risks from Fragile Surfaces  Prevent Falling Objects  Warn about Danger Areas  Inspect work equipment  Persons at work should Follow instructions and training  Advise employer of hazards/risks to  health and safety
  15. 15. Reassurance for some  Do you follow current law and good practice?  Do you assess risks, and properly plan and organise work at height?  Do you try to avoid – prevent – minimise?  Do you select, inspect and use the right work equipment for work at height?  Then you should be doing enough to comply with the Regulations
  16. 16. Recap  Falls from height are a priority for the HSC/E  Regulations provide a goal setting approach  Risk assessment is key to planning, organising, and selecting equipment to carry out the work  Follow the hierarchy of AVOID  PREVENT  MITIGATE   If you already carry out a risk assessment for work at height and take steps to manage these risks then you are most of the way there
  17. 17.  These regulations have been made to prevent the Deaths and Injuries caused each year by falls at work
  18. 18.  “Access and egress”  Includes ascent and descent  “Working Platform”  Any platform used as a place of work, or as a means of access to or egress from a place of work.  Any scaffold, suspended scaffold, cradle, mobile platform, trestle, gangway, gantry or stairway which is so used  But does not include a building or other  permanent structure
  19. 19. Do the Rules apply to you?  The Regulations apply to all work at height where there is a risk of a fall liable to cause personal injury. They place duties on employers, the self-employed, and any person who controls the work of others.  If you are an employee or working under someone else's control, regulation 14 says you must:  Report any safety hazard to them.  Use the equipment supplied (including safety devices) properly, following any training and instructions (unless you think that would be unsafe, in which case you should seek further instructions before continuing).