Primary and SecondarySourcesHIST 2301Dr. Weller
Primary Sources “Primary sources are original records created at the time historical events occurred or well after events in the form of memoirs and oral histories.”Source: American Library Association, Reference and User Services Associationhttp://www.ala.org/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources#evaluating
Examples of Primary Sources Letters Newspapers* Manuscripts Government Diaries documents Journals Photographs* Memoirs Maps* Autobiographies Video footage of Oral histories event* Interviews Audio recordings Speeches Research data Objects or artifacts * Usually, but not always, will be a primary source
Secondary Sources “A secondary source provides „second- hand‟ information that has been digested, analyzed, reworded or interpreted, and often combines information taken from primary sources and even other secondary sources. Secondary sources are often written well after the events they report on, and can put past information into its historical context.”Source: Windward Community College Library, Hawaiihttp://library.wcc.hawaii.edu/LRU/evaluating/primarysecondary.html
Examples of SecondarySources Books with Conference endnotes and proceedings footnotes Literary criticism Biographies Book reviews Reprints of artwork Most works A journal/magazine incorporating article which primary sources interprets or reviews previous findings
Primary or SecondarySource? A letter written by an ordinary person describing their experience of an event.This and all quiz questions from Windward Community College Library, Hawaiihttp://library.wcc.hawaii.edu/LRU/evaluating/primarysecondary.html
Primary or SecondarySource?A newspaper article reporting on eventsthat took place the day before the articlewas published.
Primary or SecondarySource?Information sources such as raw dataand articles that report on originalresearch.
Primary or SecondarySource?A magazine article in which a staffreporter provides an overview of a topic,including a summary of recentdevelopments in research related to thesubject.
Primary or SecondarySource? An interview with your grandfather about your great-grandfathers childhood.Quiz question from University of Massachusetts Libraryhttp://www1.umassd.edu/specialprograms/info_lit/quiz_ps.html
Primary or SecondarySource?A chart from a government agencyswebsite, showing statistical data itgathered.
Primary or SecondarySource?Photograph of Gettysburg, 1863
Primary or SecondarySource?Photograph of Gettysburg, present day
Primary or SecondarySource?The Handbook of Texas Online