The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, is a military struggle fought in Vietnam from 1959 to 1975. It involves the North Vietnamese and the National Liberation Front in conflict with the United States forces and the South Vietnamese army.
He was the thirty-sixth president of the United States of America from 1963 to 1969. He began the American involvement in the Vietnam War that escalated from 16,000 American soldiers in 1963 to to 550,000 in early 1968.
The Vietnam War first began in 1959, five years after the division of the country by the Geneva Accords. Vietnam, a country in South Asia, had been split into two, with a communist government in the north under Ho Chi Minh and a democratic government in the south under Ngo Dinh Diem. Ho launched a guerilla campaign in South Vietnam, led by Viet Cong units, with the goal of uniting the country under communist rule. The United States, seeking to stop the spread of communism, trained the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) and provided military advisors to help combat the guerillas .
A communist guerilla force known as the Vietcong were trying to spread communism throughout the world. They decided that they should invade to spread their form of government. The United States entered and then it became known as a war. In August 1964, North Vietnamese patrol boats attacked the U.S. destroyer Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin. U.S. Navy planes striked back by bombing targets in North Vietnam.
The causes of the Vietnam War trace their roots back to the end of World War II. A French colony, Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, & Cambodia) had been occupied by the Japanese during the war. In 1941, a Vietnamese nationalist movement, the Viet Minh, was formed by Ho Chi Minh to resist the occupiers. A communist, Ho Chi Minh waged a guerilla war against the Japanese with the support of the United States. Near the end of the war, the Japanese began to promote Vietnamese nationalism and ultimately granted the country nominal independence
The reasons for the United States to get involved in the Vietnam War was to prevent a Communist takeover in the south. The U.S supported President Diem with money, military guidance, and advice. The Vietnam War is known longest and most unpopular war that Americans had ever fought.
In December 1974, the North Vietnamese began their final campaign which led to the surrender of the South Vietnamese government, under President Duong van Minh. In 1976 the country was united under Communist rule. The Vietnam War concluded with the withdrawal of the American troops and the failure of its foreign policy in Vietnam.
Over 1.4 million military troops were killed and it cost the lives of 58,000 Americans. On April 30, 1975 the capital of South Vietnam, Saigon, fell to the communist forces of North Vietnam effectively ending the war in 1975.