Iran\'s Ayatollah Khomeini and US hostages


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Iran\'s Ayatollah Khomeini and US hostages

  1. 1. Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini and US Hostages . By: Kenyatta Moffett
  2. 2. The Beginning <ul><li>On November, 1979 Iranian Militants stormed the United States Embacy. </li></ul><ul><li>They took seventy Americans as hostages </li></ul><ul><li>The entire hostage lasted 444 days. </li></ul><ul><li>This had a great impact on the U.S. while they were in war. </li></ul><ul><li>The cause of the takeover were the Italian. They were angry, and felt that they were over the U.S. President. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why this happened <ul><li>The main reason why this happened because the Iranian’s were. </li></ul><ul><li>They thought they didn’t have anything to do with the government. </li></ul><ul><li>They thought this because the U.S. had the other government removed, and had a new government come in its place. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the main reason that the Iranians took hostages from the U.S. </li></ul>
  4. 4. President Carter <ul><li>He moved to freeze Iranian assets. </li></ul><ul><li>President Carter committed himself to the safe return of the hostages. </li></ul><ul><li>He pursued a policy of restraint that put higher values on the hostages lives. </li></ul><ul><li>He brought freedom for the hostages with Americans honor preserved. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Shah of Iran <ul><li>The Shah were a very close alliance with the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Shah of Iran spent billions of oil dollars on military weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>Shah was the true cause of the seizure that went on. </li></ul><ul><li>Their regime collapsed in revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Shah ruled as a dictator using SAVAK. </li></ul><ul><li>On January 16, 1979, Shah fled Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>They never did return because of the commotion that was happening. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reza Pahlari & Mohammed Mossadegh <ul><li>Reza Pahlari ruled Iran from 1941 t0 1979. </li></ul><ul><li>He fled to Italy from the power struggle with the Prime Minister. </li></ul><ul><li>Mohammed was the Prime Minister at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>He created concerns over Iranian oil, prices, and influences. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A prison journal entry by Robert C. Ode <ul><li>The voice came over the Algerian plane's speaker: &quot;You are now leaving Iranian air space!&quot; What a cheer went up from the American hostages on the plane! This was the moment for which we had waited 444 days. Now we knew we were really free! Even though we had been told by the Iranian terrorists that we were being set free, I'm sure all of the hostages didn't really feel that we were on our way to freedom until we actually were out of Iran. So much still could go wrong in the process of obtaining our freedom...but the confirmation that we were actually out of Iran and the Ayatollah Khomeini's jurisdiction made us finally realize that our ordeal was over! What a magnificent feeling! We were on our way at last! We were going home! </li></ul>
  8. 8. In The End <ul><li>Iran and U.S had a negotiation to release the hostages. </li></ul><ul><li>The deal was for them to get 8 billion dollars worth of frozen Iranian assets. </li></ul><ul><li>When Ronald Regan took the oath of office, the hostages flew out of Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>This crisis still affects Iranian and U.S </li></ul><ul><li>Iran and U.S still don’t have official diplomatic relations with each other. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Time line <ul><li>Nov 4, 1979 Iranian militants seize the US Embassy and take 66 Americans hostage, demanding that the US send the deposed Shah back to Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 9, 1979 The United Nations Security Council calls on the militants to release the hostages. </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 12, 1979 President Carter orders a halt to oil imports from Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 14, 1979 President Carter freezes all Iranian assets in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 19-20, 1979 Thirteen hostages, five women and eight black men, are released. </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 4, 1979 The UN Security Council votes unanimously to urge Iran to free the hostages. </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 12, 1979 The State Department orders the expulsion of 183 Iranian diplomats. </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 15, 1979 The Shah flies to what is called temporary exile in Panama. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 25, 1980 Abolhassan Bani-Sadr is elected President of Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 29, 1980 It is disclosed that the Canadian Embassy in Teheran spirited six Americans out of Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>April 7, 1980 The US breaks its diplomatic relationship with Iran and imposes economic sanctions. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  10. 10. Time line continued <ul><li>April 25, 1980 A US military operation to free the hostages is aborted. </li></ul><ul><li>April 28, 1980 Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance resigns. </li></ul><ul><li>July 27, 1980 The Shah dies in Cairo. </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 12, 1980 Ayatollah Khomeini lists four conditions for the hostages' release: return of the Shah's wealth, cancellation of American claims, unfreezing of Iranian assets in American banks, and a promise not to interfere in Iran's affairs. (A prior demand for an official U.S. apology was conspicuously absent.) </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 22, 1980 Border hostilities between Iraq and Iran turn into war. </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 2, 1980 The Iranian Parliament votes to release the hostages if the United States accepts the four conditions set down by Ayatollah Khomeini. </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 4, 1980 Ronald Reagan is elected President. </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 10, 1980 The US delivers to Algeria its response to Iran's four conditions. Negotiations continue. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 8, 1981 Deputy Secretary of State Christopher flies to Algiers to clarify points raised by Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 18, 1981 Iran accepts the agreement and final details are worked out. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 19, 1981 Financial complications delay the release of the hostages. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 20, 1981 Hostages are released as Ronald Reagan becomes President </li></ul>
  11. 11. Map of where the hostage took place This is a map of where the hostage took place. The main place that was affected by this hostage crises was Saudi Arabia
  12. 12. Work Sited Page <ul><li>Carter, Jimmy. “ Jimmy Carter Library and Museum. “9 Feb. 2008.< hostages.phtml> </li></ul>