Colonization
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Colonization

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    Colonization Colonization Presentation Transcript

    • Settlements of Roanoke Island and Jamestown.
    • Roanoke Island – “The Lost Colony”
      • Roanoke Island was the first British settlement in North America.
      • Roanoke Island was first settled by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584.
      • Raleigh named the entire region Virginia.
      • However, Roanoke Island is in present day North Carolina, where the capital is named Raleigh.
      • In 1587, John White tries to start a British settlement on Roanoke Island.
      • He and others had to return to England later in 1587 for supplies.
      • Because of fighting between Britian and Spain, the colonists were unable to return to the colony until 1590.
      • Colonists returned in 1590 to find that everyone had vanished. Only the word “Croatoan” was carved into a tree.
    • The Settlement of Jamestown
      • The settlement of Jamestown was started in Virginia by the Virginia Company in 1607.
      • Captain John Smith saved Jamestown by:
      - bargaining for food with the Powhatan Indians. - calling for a “no work, no food” rule. - 2/3’s of the colonists died of disease and hunger.
    • Model of Jamestown
      • The colonist John Rolfe married the Powhatan princess Pocahontas.
      JOHN ROLFE AND POCAHONTAS early 1850s, J. W. Glass Pocohantas
      • This marriage brought peace between the colonists and the Powhatans, and ensured economic success for Jamestown after Pocahontas introduced tobacco to John Rolfe.