Colonization
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Colonization

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Colonization Colonization Presentation Transcript

  • Settlements of Roanoke Island and Jamestown.
  • Roanoke Island – “The Lost Colony”
    • Roanoke Island was the first British settlement in North America.
    • Roanoke Island was first settled by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584.
    • Raleigh named the entire region Virginia.
    • However, Roanoke Island is in present day North Carolina, where the capital is named Raleigh.
    • In 1587, John White tries to start a British settlement on Roanoke Island.
    • He and others had to return to England later in 1587 for supplies.
    • Because of fighting between Britian and Spain, the colonists were unable to return to the colony until 1590.
    • Colonists returned in 1590 to find that everyone had vanished. Only the word “Croatoan” was carved into a tree.
  • The Settlement of Jamestown
    • The settlement of Jamestown was started in Virginia by the Virginia Company in 1607.
    • Captain John Smith saved Jamestown by:
    - bargaining for food with the Powhatan Indians. - calling for a “no work, no food” rule. - 2/3’s of the colonists died of disease and hunger.
  • Model of Jamestown
    • The colonist John Rolfe married the Powhatan princess Pocahontas.
    JOHN ROLFE AND POCAHONTAS early 1850s, J. W. Glass Pocohantas
    • This marriage brought peace between the colonists and the Powhatans, and ensured economic success for Jamestown after Pocahontas introduced tobacco to John Rolfe.