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Virginia qu


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Virginia qu

  1. 1. Colonial Virginia <br />By: Laura Savage and Virginia Hally<br />
  2. 2. Jamestown<br />Site of first English colony in the Americas in 1606<br />Located along the James River<br />London Company was authorized to settle in Southern Virginia <br /> Settled Jamestown<br />Plymouth Company was authorized to settle Northern Virginia <br /> Unsuccessful<br />104 settlers came from London with the London Company<br />Named colony Jamestown after King James I<br />
  3. 3. John Smith<br />Set sail to Virginia on Dec. 20 1606<br />Elected as one of the seven council members to govern the colony<br />Captured by the Native Americans in 1607 and brought to Chief Powhatan<br />Chief Powhatan was intrigued by Smith’s belongings<br />It is rumored that his life was spared thanks to Pocahantas<br />Released after four months of being held captive<br />1608 he was elected President of the local council<br />Helped the colony survive the harsh winter with strong leadership<br /> “He who does not work, will not eat”<br />Accidentally injured and had to return to England for treatment <br />
  4. 4. Native Americans<br />Algonquian Indians were natives of the land<br />Continuously raided and attacked the colonists’ settlements hoping the settlers would leave<br />Made life almost impossible for settlers by stealing important supplies, pistols, weapons, and food<br />In 1622 the Algonquians attacked settlements and killed over 300 colonists<br />
  5. 5. Jamestown Fort<br />Colonists built a triangular<br />wooden fort around to<br />protect against the Algonquian<br />attacks<br />Fort enclosed a storehouse, <br />church and many homes<br />
  6. 6. Culture<br />Main source of income came from <br /> growing tobacco<br />Wealthiest of the 13 colonies<br />Tough conditions for survival <br /> between attacks from Native <br /> Americans, famine and extreme <br /> freezes in the winter<br />Most women were married at age 16 and immediately started having children<br />Most goods used for daily life such as clothing candles and metals were made at home<br />
  7. 7. Taverns<br />Taverns were the central place for drinking, <br />eating, socializing, entertainment and<br /> lodging for travelers<br />Often music was played on the fiddle and <br />people would engage in singing and dancing<br />Taverns were not a place for proper women <br />and prostitutes would often be found in them <br />Heavy drinking took place in the taverns<br />People could participate in gambling over card games, cockfights and horse racing<br /><br />
  8. 8. Williamsburg<br />Replaced Jamestown as Virginia’s capital in <br /> 1699<br />Williamsburg was more ideal because it<br /> was located on higher ground and more<br /> protected against attacks from the<br /> Algonquians <br />Also moved to Williamsburg because of contaminated drinking water and dirty and unsafe living conditions in Jamestown<br />Named after the reigning monarch at the time, King William III<br />In 1780 the capital was moved once again from Williamsburg to Richmond where it remains today<br />
  9. 9. Politics<br />Pre-independence people were still obligated to the crown in England – many of the goods produced in settlements like Jamestown were sent back to England<br />Ruled by the crown until 1776<br />Royal governors and local elected<br /> representatives ruled on behalf of the crown<br />The General Assembly which was made<br /> up of a small group of wealthier citizens<br /> was in charge of voting<br />Election day was a big social event in the<br /> colonies <br /> <br />
  10. 10. Politics<br />Created the House of Burgesses in 1619<br /> - First order of business to set minimum price for tobacco.<br />Royal charter revoked in 1624 and became a royal colony<br />Commonwealth policy<br />Confederate State<br />10th state to ratify the Constitution<br />
  11. 11. First Flag<br />Used in Hanover, VA<br />In memory of officers, and men who served at Trenton<br />
  12. 12. Current Flag<br />Designed at the beginning of the civil war in 1861.<br />"thus always to tyrants"<br />
  13. 13. Slavery<br />Originated in Virginia<br />Started in 1619 to work <br /> tobacco crops<br />Continued for almost <br /> 250 years<br />
  14. 14. Architecture<br />PlantationsFarms<br /> Colonial Houses<br />
  15. 15. Sources<br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />