GIS is dead, long live GIS!
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GIS is dead, long live GIS!

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Presentation given at SIGLibre 2013 in Girona by Javier de la Torre

Presentation given at SIGLibre 2013 in Girona by Javier de la Torre

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GIS is dead, long live GIS! Presentation Transcript

  • 1. GIS is dead, long live to GIS! Javier de la Torre - @jatorreFriday, March 8, 13
  • 2. Friday, March 8, 13My name is Javier de la Torre, Co-founded Vizzuality, a data analysis and visualizationcompany working lot on environment and maps. We started teveloping CartoDB, and OpenSource Geospatial database 2 years ago and now is our main business.
  • 3. _the GEO world is changing Possibly best time in history to work on the market.Friday, March 8, 13the Geospatial market is changing. It is probably the most interesting moment in history towork on this market. Wanna show you why.
  • 4. _the 4th revolution John Snow ArcGIS Google Maps Data visualization and real timeFriday, March 8, 13My own invention, we are on the 4th revolution :D
  • 5. _John Snow The power of maps for analysisFriday, March 8, 131854 Broad Street cholera outbreak
  • 6. _ArcGIS The invention of a sectorFriday, March 8, 13Jack created an entire new industry.
  • 7. _Mashups Google Maps define how maps should be created on Internet http://www.axismaps.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/ 2012/09/ugly.jpgFriday, March 8, 13Amazing we found those mashups beautiful...
  • 8. Friday, March 8, 13Love the volcano marker!
  • 9. Friday, March 8, 13Not good, not good
  • 10. _Data visualization Google Maps is getting old....Friday, March 8, 13New tools are allowing for much better cartography. We call it more data visualization, as itconnects with other fields...
  • 11. Friday, March 8, 13some examples...
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  • 15. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/03/01/world/americas/border-graphic.html?_r=0Friday, March 8, 13
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  • 23. _A few companies doing web maps right Stamen Mapbox CartoDB Axismaps New York Times Azavea Periscopic http://www.quora.com/Data-Visualization/Who-are-todays-leading-data-visualization-companiesFriday, March 8, 13This is by no means comprehensive, but a quick list of organizations I think are getting itright.
  • 24. _Possibly best moment in history to work doing geo ...cartographers, geographers, developers...Friday, March 8, 13There is a new world to be invented! Prossibly best moment in history to work on the field
  • 25. _but what is going on? Mass consumption Geo is no longer a niche market Design/cartography Interaction Speed and Scalability Infrastructure Big Data Open Data Open Source Mobile and new markets ....Friday, March 8, 13But why now? What is going on?
  • 26. _Mass comsumption Everybody wants to do maps and tell stories with dataFriday, March 8, 13Maps had never been so popular... there are maps everywhere and people are starting tounderstand them. Google Maps concepts are now mainstream.
  • 27. _the_geom is just another column GIS is not the centre of the world, sorry.Friday, March 8, 13Geo is getting everywhere. Lot of developers are doing geo without realizing. Geo is nolonger its own little niche, we are now a technology on everything. We are not the centre ofthe world, we are just one more column on the database.
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  • 29. _design and usability is the only way Let say NO to ugly and ususable GeoPortals that do not satisfy neither end users or professionals. It is not about taking Desktop GIS to the web, wake up!Friday, March 8, 13
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  • 32. Friday, March 8, 13Sergio, my partner at CartoDB and Vizzuality once told me that a legend is the most clearexample that the map has been wrongly designed. Of course it is not like we should avoidlegends, but simplification is definetly one of the strongest concepts to catch up.
  • 33. http://mapbox.com/blog/trouble-with-geoportals/Friday, March 8, 13Great overview of problems with official geoportals... not focus on real users
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  • 35. _New interaction concepts on maps This is not in the books!! NEW NEW Think on the map experience, not just how it looks like.Friday, March 8, 13The realization of the interactive map as an experience, not just a map design.
  • 36. Friday, March 8, 13We dont design 1 map anymore, we design 21, one per each zoom level!
  • 37. Friday, March 8, 13Visualizing 34,000 points the same way when you are looking at the entire world than whenyou zoom in IS AN ERROR.
  • 38. Friday, March 8, 13You might want to show, tell, a different thing when looking at the entire world, like what isthe density of the data worldwide....
  • 39. Friday, March 8, 13and when zoomed in make easier to click on individual markets to get more data...
  • 40. Friday, March 8, 13And what about animated maps? How do people percieve them? What we should do in termsof colors? NEW NEW research areas!
  • 41. Friday, March 8, 13Like on this analysis of MWC impact in Barcelona... how does the user persieve theinformation when animated on top of maps?? So much to research!
  • 42. Friday, March 8, 13Or real time maps! What happens if the map changes automatically while you are viewing,what are the rules? What to do, what not? NEW NEW!
  • 43. _A fast map is way more valuable Maps need to scale: caching Maps need to work globally Maps need to perform in any device/browser Speed is a fundamental part of the user experience.Friday, March 8, 13
  • 44. _Cloud services Is not just Hype! The democratization of Computing capacity Everybody can now compete with Google! Welll, kind of.Friday, March 8, 13
  • 45. Friday, March 8, 13You need to know EC2, and you need to know it is expensive and hard. Use it as an example,start maybe easier.
  • 46. Friday, March 8, 13If you dont know CloudFront is the first thing you should checkout tomorrow. It feels likecreated for Maps!!
  • 47. Friday, March 8, 13
  • 48. _Big Data technology MapReduce Horizontal scalability Soon there will be HUGE daily datasets comingFriday, March 8, 13Keep an eye there, we are not gonna be able to process the HUGE amount of data coming. Soknow what is your strategy for BIG DATA
  • 49. Friday, March 8, 13Imagine an image of the same place on earth every 24hours from satellite. What could you dowith it?? I dont know, but processing it will have to be with some sort of Big data technology.
  • 50. Friday, March 8, 13We are doing it for Deforestation with CartoDB
  • 51. Friday, March 8, 13Using Hadoop.
  • 52. _We have never had so much data available OpenData OpenStreetMaps Wikipedia...Friday, March 8, 13
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  • 56. Friday, March 8, 13We created this very simple visualization about the history of the Rolling Stones bydownloading the data about their concerts from Wikipedia.
  • 57. _Open Source and business models The best technology is Open Source or it is not available for license. From a license model to a service model. Amazing oportunity for Open Source. Mapnik, D3, Leaflet, PostGIS...Friday, March 8, 13
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  • 61. _OGC has stopped innovation OGC standards had paralyzed the Open Source community limiting its most powerful strength: innovation FOSS4G can not keep looking at OGC for what to do, it has to innovate Upcoming non OGC open formats that are right: GeoJSON, TopJSON, MBTiles...Friday, March 8, 13
  • 62. _Expanding markets There has never been so much GEO market Everything happens somewhere The Mobile World Congress was a great example USA, Brasil, etc are way better than EuropeFriday, March 8, 13
  • 63. _How to do GEO on the web today http://www.axismaps.com/blog/2012/09/advice-to-the- aspiring-interactive-cartographer/ 1) Be able to search for data and transform them. 2) Web Design/Development: HTML,JS, CSS 3) JS, lot of JS: CartoDB, MapBox, D3...Friday, March 8, 13
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  • 65. _How to NOT do GEO on the web today Installing your own servers Administering your own database Programming/Designing in XML Cartographers should not be devopsFriday, March 8, 13
  • 66. Javier de la Torre - jatorre@cartodb.comFriday, March 8, 13