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GIS is dead, long live
            to GIS!



                      Javier de la Torre - @jatorre
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13

My name is Javier de la Torre, Co-founded Vizzuality, a data analysis and visualization
company worki...
_the GEO world is changing
                      Possibly best time in history to work on the market.




Friday, March 8,...
_the 4th revolution
                       John Snow
                       ArcGIS
                       Google Maps
    ...
_John Snow
      The power of maps for analysis




Friday, March 8, 13

1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak
_ArcGIS
                      The invention of a sector




Friday, March 8, 13

Jack created an entire new industry.
_Mashups
               Google Maps define how maps should be created on
               Internet




                      ...
Friday, March 8, 13

Love the volcano marker!
Friday, March 8, 13

Not good, not good
_Data visualization
                       Google Maps is getting old....




Friday, March 8, 13

New tools are allowing ...
Friday, March 8, 13

some examples...
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/03/01/world/americas/border-graphic.html?_r=0

Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
_A few companies doing web
                      maps right
                      Stamen
                      Mapbox
    ...
_Possibly best moment in
                      history to work doing geo
                       ...cartographers, geograph...
_but what is going on?
                       Mass consumption
                       Geo is no longer a niche market
    ...
_Mass comsumption
                      Everybody wants to do maps and tell stories with data




Friday, March 8, 13

Map...
_the_geom is just
                      another column
                      GIS is not the centre of the world, sorry.


...
Friday, March 8, 13
_design and usability is the only
                      way
                       Let say NO to ugly and ususable GeoPort...
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13

Sergio, my partner at CartoDB and Vizzuality once told me that a legend is the most clear
example tha...
http://mapbox.com/blog/trouble-with-geoportals/
Friday, March 8, 13

Great overview of problems with official geoportals.....
Friday, March 8, 13
_New interaction concepts on
                      maps
                      This is not in the books!! NEW NEW

        ...
Friday, March 8, 13

We dont design 1 map anymore, we design 21, one per each zoom level!
Friday, March 8, 13

Visualizing 34,000 points the same way when you are looking at the entire world than when
you zoom in...
Friday, March 8, 13

You might want to show, tell, a different thing when looking at the entire world, like what is
the de...
Friday, March 8, 13

and when zoomed in make easier to click on individual markets to get more data...
Friday, March 8, 13

And what about animated maps? How do people percieve them? What we should do in terms
of colors? NEW ...
Friday, March 8, 13

Like on this analysis of MWC impact in Barcelona... how does the user persieve the
information when a...
Friday, March 8, 13

Or real time maps! What happens if the map changes automatically while you are viewing,
what are the ...
_A fast map is way
                      more valuable
                       Maps need to scale: caching
                ...
_Cloud services
                       Is not just Hype!
                       The democratization of Computing capacity
...
Friday, March 8, 13

You need to know EC2, and you need to know it is expensive and hard. Use it as an example,
start mayb...
Friday, March 8, 13

If you dont know CloudFront is the first thing you should checkout tomorrow. It feels like
created for...
Friday, March 8, 13
_Big Data technology
                       MapReduce
                       Horizontal scalability
                      ...
Friday, March 8, 13

Imagine an image of the same place on earth every 24hours from satellite. What could you do
with it??...
Friday, March 8, 13

We are doing it for Deforestation with CartoDB
Friday, March 8, 13

Using Hadoop.
_We have never had so much
                      data available
                      OpenData
                      OpenS...
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13

We created this very simple visualization about the history of the Rolling Stones by
downloading the ...
_Open Source and business
                      models
                      The best technology is Open Source or it is n...
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
Friday, March 8, 13
_OGC has stopped innovation
                      OGC standards had paralyzed the Open Source
                      commun...
_Expanding markets
                      There has never been so much GEO market
                      Everything happens ...
_How to do GEO on the web
                      today
                      http://www.axismaps.com/blog/2012/09/advice-to...
Friday, March 8, 13
_How to NOT do GEO on the
                      web today
                      Installing your own servers
              ...
Javier de la Torre - jatorre@cartodb.com
Friday, March 8, 13
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GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 1 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 2 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 3 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 4 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 5 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 6 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 7 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 8 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 9 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 10 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 11 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 12 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 13 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 14 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 15 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 16 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 17 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 18 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 19 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 20 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 21 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 22 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 23 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 24 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 25 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 26 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 27 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 28 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 29 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 30 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 31 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 32 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 33 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 34 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 35 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 36 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 37 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 38 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 39 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 40 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 41 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 42 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 43 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 44 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 45 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 46 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 47 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 48 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 49 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 50 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 51 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 52 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 53 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 54 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 55 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 56 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 57 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 58 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 59 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 60 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 61 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 62 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 63 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 64 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 65 GIS is dead, long live GIS! Slide 66
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Presentation given at SIGLibre 2013 in Girona by Javier de la Torre

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GIS is dead, long live GIS!

  1. 1. GIS is dead, long live to GIS! Javier de la Torre - @jatorre Friday, March 8, 13
  2. 2. Friday, March 8, 13 My name is Javier de la Torre, Co-founded Vizzuality, a data analysis and visualization company working lot on environment and maps. We started teveloping CartoDB, and Open Source Geospatial database 2 years ago and now is our main business.
  3. 3. _the GEO world is changing Possibly best time in history to work on the market. Friday, March 8, 13 the Geospatial market is changing. It is probably the most interesting moment in history to work on this market. Wanna show you why.
  4. 4. _the 4th revolution John Snow ArcGIS Google Maps Data visualization and real time Friday, March 8, 13 My own invention, we are on the 4th revolution :D
  5. 5. _John Snow The power of maps for analysis Friday, March 8, 13 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak
  6. 6. _ArcGIS The invention of a sector Friday, March 8, 13 Jack created an entire new industry.
  7. 7. _Mashups Google Maps define how maps should be created on Internet http://www.axismaps.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/ 2012/09/ugly.jpg Friday, March 8, 13 Amazing we found those mashups beautiful...
  8. 8. Friday, March 8, 13 Love the volcano marker!
  9. 9. Friday, March 8, 13 Not good, not good
  10. 10. _Data visualization Google Maps is getting old.... Friday, March 8, 13 New tools are allowing for much better cartography. We call it more data visualization, as it connects with other fields...
  11. 11. Friday, March 8, 13 some examples...
  12. 12. Friday, March 8, 13
  13. 13. Friday, March 8, 13
  14. 14. Friday, March 8, 13
  15. 15. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/03/01/world/americas/border-graphic.html?_r=0 Friday, March 8, 13
  16. 16. Friday, March 8, 13
  17. 17. Friday, March 8, 13
  18. 18. Friday, March 8, 13
  19. 19. Friday, March 8, 13
  20. 20. Friday, March 8, 13
  21. 21. Friday, March 8, 13
  22. 22. Friday, March 8, 13
  23. 23. _A few companies doing web maps right Stamen Mapbox CartoDB Axismaps New York Times Azavea Periscopic http://www.quora.com/Data-Visualization/Who-are-todays-leading-data-visualization-companies Friday, March 8, 13 This is by no means comprehensive, but a quick list of organizations I think are getting it right.
  24. 24. _Possibly best moment in history to work doing geo ...cartographers, geographers, developers... Friday, March 8, 13 There is a new world to be invented! Prossibly best moment in history to work on the field
  25. 25. _but what is going on? Mass consumption Geo is no longer a niche market Design/cartography Interaction Speed and Scalability Infrastructure Big Data Open Data Open Source Mobile and new markets .... Friday, March 8, 13 But why now? What is going on?
  26. 26. _Mass comsumption Everybody wants to do maps and tell stories with data Friday, March 8, 13 Maps had never been so popular... there are maps everywhere and people are starting to understand them. Google Maps concepts are now mainstream.
  27. 27. _the_geom is just another column GIS is not the centre of the world, sorry. Friday, March 8, 13 Geo is getting everywhere. Lot of developers are doing geo without realizing. Geo is no longer its own little niche, we are now a technology on everything. We are not the centre of the world, we are just one more column on the database.
  28. 28. Friday, March 8, 13
  29. 29. _design and usability is the only way Let say NO to ugly and ususable GeoPortals that do not satisfy neither end users or professionals. It is not about taking Desktop GIS to the web, wake up! Friday, March 8, 13
  30. 30. Friday, March 8, 13
  31. 31. Friday, March 8, 13
  32. 32. Friday, March 8, 13 Sergio, my partner at CartoDB and Vizzuality once told me that a legend is the most clear example that the map has been wrongly designed. Of course it is not like we should avoid legends, but simplification is definetly one of the strongest concepts to catch up.
  33. 33. http://mapbox.com/blog/trouble-with-geoportals/ Friday, March 8, 13 Great overview of problems with official geoportals... not focus on real users
  34. 34. Friday, March 8, 13
  35. 35. _New interaction concepts on maps This is not in the books!! NEW NEW Think on the map experience, not just how it looks like. Friday, March 8, 13 The realization of the interactive map as an experience, not just a map design.
  36. 36. Friday, March 8, 13 We dont design 1 map anymore, we design 21, one per each zoom level!
  37. 37. Friday, March 8, 13 Visualizing 34,000 points the same way when you are looking at the entire world than when you zoom in IS AN ERROR.
  38. 38. Friday, March 8, 13 You might want to show, tell, a different thing when looking at the entire world, like what is the density of the data worldwide....
  39. 39. Friday, March 8, 13 and when zoomed in make easier to click on individual markets to get more data...
  40. 40. Friday, March 8, 13 And what about animated maps? How do people percieve them? What we should do in terms of colors? NEW NEW research areas!
  41. 41. Friday, March 8, 13 Like on this analysis of MWC impact in Barcelona... how does the user persieve the information when animated on top of maps?? So much to research!
  42. 42. Friday, March 8, 13 Or real time maps! What happens if the map changes automatically while you are viewing, what are the rules? What to do, what not? NEW NEW!
  43. 43. _A fast map is way more valuable Maps need to scale: caching Maps need to work globally Maps need to perform in any device/browser Speed is a fundamental part of the user experience. Friday, March 8, 13
  44. 44. _Cloud services Is not just Hype! The democratization of Computing capacity Everybody can now compete with Google! Welll, kind of. Friday, March 8, 13
  45. 45. Friday, March 8, 13 You need to know EC2, and you need to know it is expensive and hard. Use it as an example, start maybe easier.
  46. 46. Friday, March 8, 13 If you dont know CloudFront is the first thing you should checkout tomorrow. It feels like created for Maps!!
  47. 47. Friday, March 8, 13
  48. 48. _Big Data technology MapReduce Horizontal scalability Soon there will be HUGE daily datasets coming Friday, March 8, 13 Keep an eye there, we are not gonna be able to process the HUGE amount of data coming. So know what is your strategy for BIG DATA
  49. 49. Friday, March 8, 13 Imagine an image of the same place on earth every 24hours from satellite. What could you do with it?? I dont know, but processing it will have to be with some sort of Big data technology.
  50. 50. Friday, March 8, 13 We are doing it for Deforestation with CartoDB
  51. 51. Friday, March 8, 13 Using Hadoop.
  52. 52. _We have never had so much data available OpenData OpenStreetMaps Wikipedia... Friday, March 8, 13
  53. 53. Friday, March 8, 13
  54. 54. Friday, March 8, 13
  55. 55. Friday, March 8, 13
  56. 56. Friday, March 8, 13 We created this very simple visualization about the history of the Rolling Stones by downloading the data about their concerts from Wikipedia.
  57. 57. _Open Source and business models The best technology is Open Source or it is not available for license. From a license model to a service model. Amazing oportunity for Open Source. Mapnik, D3, Leaflet, PostGIS... Friday, March 8, 13
  58. 58. Friday, March 8, 13
  59. 59. Friday, March 8, 13
  60. 60. Friday, March 8, 13
  61. 61. _OGC has stopped innovation OGC standards had paralyzed the Open Source community limiting its most powerful strength: innovation FOSS4G can not keep looking at OGC for what to do, it has to innovate Upcoming non OGC open formats that are right: GeoJSON, TopJSON, MBTiles... Friday, March 8, 13
  62. 62. _Expanding markets There has never been so much GEO market Everything happens somewhere The Mobile World Congress was a great example USA, Brasil, etc are way better than Europe Friday, March 8, 13
  63. 63. _How to do GEO on the web today http://www.axismaps.com/blog/2012/09/advice-to-the- aspiring-interactive-cartographer/ 1) Be able to search for data and transform them. 2) Web Design/Development: HTML,JS, CSS 3) JS, lot of JS: CartoDB, MapBox, D3... Friday, March 8, 13
  64. 64. Friday, March 8, 13
  65. 65. _How to NOT do GEO on the web today Installing your own servers Administering your own database Programming/Designing in XML Cartographers should not be devops Friday, March 8, 13
  66. 66. Javier de la Torre - jatorre@cartodb.com Friday, March 8, 13
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Presentation given at SIGLibre 2013 in Girona by Javier de la Torre

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