VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, NORTH CAROLINA,
SOUTH CAROLINA, AND GEORGIA
To recap what we’ve already studied…
Founded in 1607 (Jamestown) and led to greatness
by John Smith. Smith was a strict ruler, who used
this philosophy to motivate the pretty boy settlers:
“he who does not work, does not eat.” Guess what
the pretty boys chose to do?!
Was created as a business venture by the Virginia
Company, to find wealth. Settlers eventually found
wealth through the growth of tobacco.
Like the Puritans,
Quakers, and others,
the Catholics are
looking for a place to
worship freely, as well.
MD was created for
that purpose, in 1632
by King Charles I, in
honor of his wife
(Queen H. Maria).
Settled north and east
of Virginia and the
Lords Baltimore led
MD to prominence.
The Act of Toleration was passed to permanently allow
all religions to practice their faith, believed to be the first
such law. While Lord Baltimore had hoped to show how
Catholics and Protestants could live in peace, he also hoped
to draw those Catholics to his colony so he could make
money (as proprietor of the colony) by…
Families were given LOTS of land.
Fish, oysters, and crab were plentiful and were
huge money makers in MD, however, a certain
cash crop earned Maryland settlers lots of coin.
Any idea what?
Ironically, lots of fighting occurred between
religions here, and the Baltimore family
temporarily lost power. That family regained
power only when a late Lord publicly claimed
to be loyal to Protestant England.
As early as 1640, a few
Virginians had left for
the Albemarle Sound,
just south of
Jamestown but in
present day NC.
In 1663, King Charles
II gave land to 8 men
whom were loyal to
him in avenging his
(Charles I), and
restoring the English
Named Carolina in his
First settlers after “King said so” were in Cape Fear
(Wilmington), and Charles Towne (Charleston).
Religious tolerance is standard here, too, as its
become norm to attract a large amount of settlers,
thereby making the colony and crown larger profits.
After many disputes over land and government
control, Carolina splits into North and South halves.
In 1729, the split finally becomes official.
A few years later, another chunk is taken out of
Carolina when Georgia is created.