13 Colonies

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13 Colonies

  1. 1. 13 Colonies
  2. 2. 13 Colonies <ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul>
  3. 4. Colonies <ul><li>Mid-Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>New England </li></ul><ul><li>Southern </li></ul>
  4. 5. Mid-Atlantic <ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul>
  5. 6. Why did they come? <ul><li>Freedom of religion attracted Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>Make money working in shipyards and ironworks </li></ul><ul><li>Varied economy with more small scale manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farms – wheat, other grains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories – iron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories – paper and textiles </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Province of New York <ul><li>Named in honor of James “The Duke of York” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by the Dutch in 1664 </li></ul><ul><li>Changed hands several times </li></ul><ul><li>Later became New York and Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul><ul><li>First settlers were Dutch fur traders and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Furs, Grain </li></ul>
  7. 9. Province of Maryland <ul><li>Named for Queen Henrietta Maria </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1632 by the English </li></ul><ul><li>Was a haven for persecuted Roman Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul>
  8. 11. Delaware County <ul><li>Named for Lord De La Warr </li></ul><ul><li>Settled by the Dutch in 1638 </li></ul><ul><li>First to ratify the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul>
  9. 12. Province of New Jersey <ul><li>Named in honor of George Carteret </li></ul><ul><li>Established by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret </li></ul><ul><li>Hot humid summers, cold winters </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul><ul><li>First settlers were Dutch fur traders and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Grain </li></ul><ul><li>Was a Dutch trading post </li></ul>
  10. 14. Province of Pennsylvania <ul><li>Founded by William Penn in 1681 </li></ul><ul><li>“Penn’s Woods” </li></ul><ul><li>Had chosen the name New Wales </li></ul><ul><li>King Charles II gave it to William Penn to repay a debt he owed to William’s father </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul><ul><li>First Settlers – Quakers </li></ul>
  11. 16. New England <ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul>
  12. 17. Why did they come? <ul><li>Keep family units – independence </li></ul><ul><li>Practice own religion </li></ul><ul><li>Farming and dishing communities </li></ul><ul><li>People grew own food and made own clothes and shoes </li></ul>
  13. 18. Province of Massachusetts Bay <ul><li>Indian word for “at the big wheel” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1620 </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Pilgrims </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd settlement founded </li></ul><ul><li>Became Massachusetts and Maine </li></ul><ul><li>Charter Colony </li></ul>
  14. 20. Province of New Hampshire <ul><li>Named for English county of Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1629 </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by John Wheelright </li></ul><ul><li>Given by King James I to John Mason </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul><ul><li>First settlers were fishermen, Puritan exiles from Massachusetts </li></ul>
  15. 22. Province of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation <ul><li>Dutch word for “red island” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1636 </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Roger Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Religious freedom – Puritan dissenters </li></ul><ul><li>Produce – Lumber – fish </li></ul><ul><li>First colony to guarantee freedom of worship </li></ul><ul><li>Charter Colony </li></ul>
  16. 23. Connecticut Colony <ul><li>Became first colony with a written form of government </li></ul><ul><li>Indian word for “at the long tidal river” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1636 </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Thomas Hooker </li></ul><ul><li>Charter Colony </li></ul>
  17. 25. Southern <ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia </li></ul>
  18. 26. Why did they come? <ul><li>Wealth seekers </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly single men who started families as fortunes grew </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>Plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco, rice, indigo </li></ul>
  19. 27. Colony and Dominion of Virginia <ul><li>Mother of Presidents </li></ul><ul><li>Names for Queen Elizabeth “The Virgin Queen” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1585 by The London Company - Walter Raleigh </li></ul><ul><li>1 st settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Later became Virginia, West Virginia, and Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Charter Colony </li></ul><ul><li>First Settlers adventurers, tobacco planters </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of early immigrants died of disease </li></ul>
  20. 29. Province of South Carolina and Province of North Carolina <ul><li>Founded in 1633 by King Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Named for Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Carolus is Latin for Charles </li></ul><ul><li>Granted to 8 English lords by King Charles I and then divided </li></ul><ul><li>Edward “Blackbeard” Teach hid out in the Carolinas after robbing ships. He was killed by a Virginia Lt. in 1718 </li></ul><ul><li>Later became North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary colony </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco, rice, grain </li></ul><ul><li>First Settlers – Tobacco Planters </li></ul>
  21. 31. Province of Georgia <ul><li>Named in honor of King George </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in place of a debtor’s prison </li></ul><ul><li>Had many troubles with pirates and Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Last of the 13 colonies to be set up </li></ul><ul><li>First Settlers were Prison reformers </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul>

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