What’s My Story Using Drama & Technology For Storytelling (Ihci 2008)


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Presentation on digital storytelling in the EFL classroom from Tegucigalapa conference, May 2008

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  • My experience in Colombia: upper-intermediate level students Brainstorming in class: my past, present, and future w/graphic organizer and sharing with peers Putting life map into powerpoint Creating videos explaining life map Uploading videos to CMS Sharing and commenting http://ylang-ylang.uninorte.edu.co/InglesVII/
  • What’s My Story Using Drama & Technology For Storytelling (Ihci 2008)

    1. 1. Using Drama & Technology for Storytelling What’s My Story?
    2. 2. <ul><li>Oral Storytelling + Technical Tools </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Tales with </li></ul><ul><li>Images , Music , Sound , and Your Voice </li></ul>Source:
    3. 3. <ul><li>Primarily a visual story but might also use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First person narrative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Previously recorded audio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text slides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graphics, icons, symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures from the web and clip art </li></ul><ul><li>Video clips </li></ul><ul><li>Music and sound effects </li></ul><ul><li>Transitions </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Point of View </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic Question </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Content </li></ul><ul><li>Gift of Student’s Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Power of the Soundtrack </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Pacing </li></ul>Source: Center for Digital Storytelling, http://www.storycenter.org/memvoice/pages/tutorial_1.html
    5. 5. <ul><li>For Teachers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal to the diverse learning styles of the students by using Digital Storytelling as a presentation media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate interest, attention and motivation for the &quot;digital generation&quot; in our classrooms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalize on the creative talents of your own students as they begin to research and tell stories of their own. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish student work on the Internet for viewing and critiquing by others. </li></ul></ul>Source:
    6. 6. <ul><li>For Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn to use the Internet to research rich, deep content while analyzing and synthesizing a wide range of content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop communications skills by learning to ask questions, express opinions, construct narratives and write for an audience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase computer skills using software that combines a variety of multimedia  including: text, still images, audio, video and web publishing. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Students create narration using past, present, and future tenses </li></ul><ul><li>Students develop story telling techniques: transitional language, organization, storyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>Students do peer editing and revision </li></ul><ul><li>Students work individually and in teams to develop narration for their digital stories </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Start with a good story </li></ul><ul><li>Write a script or outline </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and Storyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Think of visuals and music </li></ul><ul><li>Find the visuals or take the pictures and edit </li></ul><ul><li>Add titles, graphics, and effects </li></ul><ul><li>Record narration </li></ul><ul><li>Match visuals with audio and music </li></ul><ul><li>Produce, revise, present, and distribute </li></ul>
    9. 10. 1. Start with a Good Story <ul><li>Elements of a good story </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A point </li></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Character stories </li></ul><ul><li>Memorial stories </li></ul><ul><li>Stories about events in our lives </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure stories </li></ul><ul><li>Accomplishment stories </li></ul><ul><li>Stories about places in our lives </li></ul><ul><li>Stories about what we do </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery stories </li></ul><ul><li>Love stories –discovery stories </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Narrative Personal Expression Myths/folk tales Short story Oral Histories </li></ul><ul><li>Information / Expository Summary Reports Book reports How-to directions Biographies Advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive Describe/conclude Analyze/conclude Analyze/persuade Compare/contrast Cause/effect </li></ul>
    12. 14. <ul><li>What am I going to say? </li></ul><ul><li>How will I sequence my story? </li></ul>
    13. 15. <ul><li>Planning or &quot;storyboarding&quot; a digital story is essential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write (type) a short script of your digital story. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time it. You want to create a 2-3 minute digital story, so choose words carefully! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print your script, and indicate where new photos should be shown. Indicate approximately how many seconds each image should be displayed next to the text on your script. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>Once upon a time.... Every day... But one day... Because of that... Because of that... Because of that... Until finally... Ever since then... The moral of the story is.. </li></ul>Source: http://www.scholastic.com
    15. 18. <ul><li>Are there any video clips that I can record or include? </li></ul><ul><li>What music reflects the mood of my story? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What can I use legally? </li></ul></ul>
    16. 19. <ul><li>Word processing software </li></ul><ul><li>Photo-Editing and Drawing program </li></ul><ul><li>Production software: PowerPoint, iMovie, Movie Maker, Photo Story </li></ul><ul><li>Other optional tools such as a digital camera, printer, and microphone </li></ul>
    17. 22. <ul><li>Sound Editing Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audacity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online story web sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bubbleshare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VoiceThread </li></ul></ul>
    18. 25. <ul><li>Find the visuals or take the pictures and edit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where can I find images? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What images would I like to include? </li></ul></ul>
    19. 26. <ul><li>Online search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Google Image Search </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul>
    20. 27. <ul><li>A 2-3 minute digital story should use no more than 20-25 images. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To save images from an Internet website to your computer: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make a new folder on your desktop and name it something like &quot;story images&quot; (right click on the desktop and choose NEW - FOLDER) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On a webpage displaying an image you want to view, right click the image and choose SAVE PICTURE AS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigate to the desktop and into the folder you created in step 1. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change the name of the image to something you can recognize (if desired.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save the image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat steps 2-5 for additional images. </li></ul></ul>
    21. 29. <ul><li>Add visual media to the narrative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students add pictures, scanned images, etc. to support the narrative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange images and video in timeline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add titles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students add opening title information, and maybe other titles (or subtitles) that appear during the story </li></ul></ul>
    22. 30. <ul><li>MovieMaker includes many transitions and effects, from common transitions like fading in and out, to bold effects, like making words swirl on the screen </li></ul>
    23. 31. <ul><li>Match visuals with audio narration and music </li></ul><ul><li>Produce, revise, present, and distribute </li></ul>
    24. 33. <ul><li>Match visuals with audio and music </li></ul><ul><li>Add transitions and effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MovieMaker includes many transitions and effects, from common transitions like fading in and out, to bold effects, like making words swirl on the screen </li></ul></ul>
    25. 34. <ul><li>Export the final file </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students need to create a movie file that can be seen independently of the software they used to create it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Burn a DVD for distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Showing in-class, in-school, in-community </li></ul><ul><li>Web-casting, web-streaming </li></ul>
    26. 35. <ul><li>Peer review of drafts and final </li></ul><ul><li>Rubrics allow for complex information to be gathered based on needs of students </li></ul>
    27. 36. <ul><li>Language learning or technology for the sake of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Technical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Activity is not necessarily achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Measurable </li></ul><ul><li>Tied to objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy and appropriateness issues </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright violations </li></ul>Source: Dr. Arnie Abrams, http://www.arnieabrams.net
    28. 37. <ul><li>http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3748759 </li></ul><ul><li>http://faculty.lagcc.cuny.edu/eiannotti/7.1/#1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://faculty.lagcc.cuny.edu/eiannotti/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.digitalstories.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lagcc.cuny.edu/ctl/dstory/ </li></ul>
    29. 38. <ul><li>Familiarize yourself with the technology before starting </li></ul><ul><li>Group students to make a story together </li></ul><ul><li>Keep narrations short and limit the number of pictures. Reading one page of narration for 10 pictures is equal to about 2 minutes- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stories longer than 2-3 minutes may be too long </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work with your students in a computer classroom at least once a week </li></ul><ul><li>Have students critique your demo story </li></ul><ul><li>Use audio software that allows for editing to create sound files </li></ul><ul><li>Create a backup file for student work at the end of each class </li></ul>
    30. 39. <ul><li>Digitales: The Art of Digital Storytelling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.digitales.us </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Telling Stories: Using Drama & Multimedia with ESL Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.prel.org/eslstrategies/multimedia.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.inms.umn.edu/elements/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wtvi.com/teks/ds/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.speedofcreativity.org/presentations/case-for-ds/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://teacherindevelopment.blogsome.com/2006/01/17/digital-story-telling-in-the-esl-classroom/ </li></ul><ul><li>Links for Digital Storytelling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://del.icio.us/wfryer/digitalstorytelling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scholastic.com’s Introduction to Electronic Publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3748081http://chinnery.us/tesol/multimedia.shtm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.absoluteppt.com/movie/ppt-to-youtube-moviemaker/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Digital Storytelling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.storycenter.org </li></ul></ul>
    31. 40. <ul><li>Bull, G., & Kajder, S. (2004). Digital storytelling in the language arts classroom . Learning and Leading with Technology, 32 (4), 46-49. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Storytelling Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Figa, E.  (2004).  The Virtualization of Stories and Storytelling.  Storytelling Magazine .  Vo. 16, No. 2, pp. 34 - 36. </li></ul><ul><li>Labbo, L., Eakle, A., Jonathan, A., & Montero, M. (2002). Digital language experience approach: Using digital photographs and software as a language experience approach innovation. Reading Online , 5 (8). </li></ul><ul><li>New, J. (2005, December). How to: Use digital storytelling in your classroom . Edutopia . </li></ul><ul><li>Rance-Roney, J. (2008). Digital Storytelling for Language and Culture Learning. Essential Teacher , 5(1). pp. 29-31. </li></ul><ul><li>Richard-Amato, P.A. (2003). Storytelling, Role Play, and Drama. In P.A. Richard-Amato , Making it Happen . pp. 213-231. </li></ul><ul><li>Salpeter, J. (2005). Telling tales with technology . Technology and Learning, 25 (7), 18, 20, 22, 24. </li></ul>