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Using Visual Aids &
Manipulatives
Erin Lowry
Senior English Language Fellow
Centro Colombo Americano Manizales
December 1,...
Overview of Workshop
• To familiarize teachers with a range of simple
visual aids and manipulatives that are
available
• T...
USING VISUAL AIDS
What are visual aids?
How can they help us teach and our
students learn?
When can you use visual aids?
Visual Aids You’ve Used…
Yourself
Blackboard
Real Objects
Flashcards
Pictures Charts
Others
Why Use Visual Aids?
• To help present a topic
• As part of language practice
• When reviewing language that was presented...
What are Manipulatives?
• Objects that can be
touched or moved
by students to
reinforce a concept
• A way that students
ca...
Why Use Manipulatives?
• 1. Manipulatives help reach
students whose learning styles are
often ignored, i.e. kinesthetic, t...
Why Use Manipulatives?
• 2. Manipulatives empower students
to process and organize information
at their own pace.
Why Use Manipulatives?
• 3. Manipulatives add “novelty” to
the classroom & get the students’
attention.
Why Use Manipulatives?
4. Manipulatives can be used in a
variety of ways:
-introduce -process
-review -recall
-organize
Using Real Objects
• Allows language
learners to see, hear,
and in some cases
touch the objects
• Good for teaching:
– Voc...
Using Flashcards
• Memory activities
• Drilling activities
• Identification activities
• TPR activities
Tips for Making Flashcards
• They should be large enough
• Pictures should be clear
• Should be made so that they can be u...
Sorts
• By sound
– Vowel / consonant
– Initial, middle, end
• By pattern
• By sight
8 Types of Sorts
• Picture sorts
• Word sorts
• Word hunts
• Closed sorts
• Open sorts
• Blind sorts
• Writing sorts
• Spe...
Picture Files
Using Charts
• To display more
complex visual
information, like a
series of pictures that
tell a story
• To organize table...
Using Videos
• Advantages:
- Ideal for all group types
• Disadvantages:
- Requires special equipment
- Not ideal for discu...
Using Overhead Transparencies
• Advantages:
– Good for large groups
– Easy to create
– Easy to transport
– Ideal for inter...
Big Books
Picture Books
Types of Manipulatives
Task
Cards
• Card divided into 2
pieces with a design cut-
out
• Students match one part
with the other
• Best for information that
h...
Types of Manipulatives
Puzzle
Pieces
• A blank puzzle where information is
written on each piece
• Students put the puzzle together
• Best for information in a...
Types of Manipulatives
Sequence
Strips
Sequence Strips
• Information is written on strips of
paper
• Students put the strips in the correct
order
• Best for info...
From Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis
Other Examples
Graphic Organizers
• Common language
classroom g.o. functions
– Describing
– Comparing and
contrasting
– Classifying
– Seq...
USING THE BOARD
How Could it be Organized?
Using the Board
• The board is one of the most useful visual aids
• No special preparation, always available
• Should be u...
Basic Principles of Using the Board
• Write clearly
• Write in a straight line
• Don’t hide the board
• Talk as you write
Some Other Tips
• Space the amount of content (don’t clutter
your board too much)
• Charts and tables help organize inform...
References
• Corrales, K. (2008). Getting Your Hands on Learning:
Manipulative Tools in Content ESL/EFL Instruction. Latin...
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Using Visual Aids & Manipulatives in EFL

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Using Visual Aids & Manipulatives in EFL

  1. 1. Using Visual Aids & Manipulatives Erin Lowry Senior English Language Fellow Centro Colombo Americano Manizales December 1, 2008
  2. 2. Overview of Workshop • To familiarize teachers with a range of simple visual aids and manipulatives that are available • To show teachers how to make their own visual aids • To show teachers how to use visual aids and manipulatives effectively
  3. 3. USING VISUAL AIDS What are visual aids? How can they help us teach and our students learn? When can you use visual aids?
  4. 4. Visual Aids You’ve Used… Yourself Blackboard Real Objects Flashcards Pictures Charts Others
  5. 5. Why Use Visual Aids? • To help present a topic • As part of language practice • When reviewing language that was presented earlier
  6. 6. What are Manipulatives? • Objects that can be touched or moved by students to reinforce a concept • A way that students can physically interact with their learning.
  7. 7. Why Use Manipulatives? • 1. Manipulatives help reach students whose learning styles are often ignored, i.e. kinesthetic, tactile.
  8. 8. Why Use Manipulatives? • 2. Manipulatives empower students to process and organize information at their own pace.
  9. 9. Why Use Manipulatives? • 3. Manipulatives add “novelty” to the classroom & get the students’ attention.
  10. 10. Why Use Manipulatives? 4. Manipulatives can be used in a variety of ways: -introduce -process -review -recall -organize
  11. 11. Using Real Objects • Allows language learners to see, hear, and in some cases touch the objects • Good for teaching: – Vocabulary – Specific grammar points – Drills – Speaking activities – And more…
  12. 12. Using Flashcards • Memory activities • Drilling activities • Identification activities • TPR activities
  13. 13. Tips for Making Flashcards • They should be large enough • Pictures should be clear • Should be made so that they can be used again and again
  14. 14. Sorts • By sound – Vowel / consonant – Initial, middle, end • By pattern • By sight
  15. 15. 8 Types of Sorts • Picture sorts • Word sorts • Word hunts • Closed sorts • Open sorts • Blind sorts • Writing sorts • Speed sorts
  16. 16. Picture Files
  17. 17. Using Charts • To display more complex visual information, like a series of pictures that tell a story • To organize tables of structures or related vocabulary (like verb forms) • To diagram how something works
  18. 18. Using Videos • Advantages: - Ideal for all group types • Disadvantages: - Requires special equipment - Not ideal for discussion and interaction - Requires accurate cueing
  19. 19. Using Overhead Transparencies • Advantages: – Good for large groups – Easy to create – Easy to transport – Ideal for interacting with groups – Easy to update • Disadvantages: – Not long lasting; wear out with age
  20. 20. Big Books
  21. 21. Picture Books
  22. 22. Types of Manipulatives Task Cards
  23. 23. • Card divided into 2 pieces with a design cut- out • Students match one part with the other • Best for information that has a 1-to-1 relationship
  24. 24. Types of Manipulatives Puzzle Pieces
  25. 25. • A blank puzzle where information is written on each piece • Students put the puzzle together • Best for information in a sequence
  26. 26. Types of Manipulatives Sequence Strips
  27. 27. Sequence Strips • Information is written on strips of paper • Students put the strips in the correct order • Best for information in a sequence
  28. 28. From Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis
  29. 29. Other Examples
  30. 30. Graphic Organizers • Common language classroom g.o. functions – Describing – Comparing and contrasting – Classifying – Sequencing – Cause and effect – Decision Making • Common designs – Cluster/Word Web – Describing Wheel – Fact and Opinion – Five W's Chart – KWL/KWHL Chart – Sequence Chart – Spider Map – Tree Chart – Venn Diagram
  31. 31. USING THE BOARD
  32. 32. How Could it be Organized?
  33. 33. Using the Board • The board is one of the most useful visual aids • No special preparation, always available • Should be used to make things clearer to class & help focus attention
  34. 34. Basic Principles of Using the Board • Write clearly • Write in a straight line • Don’t hide the board • Talk as you write
  35. 35. Some Other Tips • Space the amount of content (don’t clutter your board too much) • Charts and tables help organize information • Write clearly, legibly and keep the font size reasonable • Give students time to copy • The blackboard can also be a part of the learning process
  36. 36. References • Corrales, K. (2008). Getting Your Hands on Learning: Manipulative Tools in Content ESL/EFL Instruction. Latin American Journal of CLIL. Retrieved November 21, 2008 from http://biblioteca.unisabana.edu.co/publicaciones/index.php/laclil/ • Doff, A. (2002). Teaching English: A Training Course for Teachers. Cambridge. • http://newteachersupport.suite101.com/article.cfm/using_th e_blackboard • http://www.usingenglish.com/weblog/archives/000228.html • http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Mumford-Relia.html • http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/think/articles/graphic-organise

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