Teaching Writing As An Integrated Skill Ekl


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  • Teaching Writing As An Integrated Skill Ekl

    1. 1. Teaching Writing as an Integrated Skill Erin Lowry CCA In-Service Training January 16, 2009
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Ideas for integrating more writing activities into your lessons </li></ul><ul><li>How to adapt textbook activities </li></ul>
    3. 3. Writing for Learning <ul><li>Reinforcement writing </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation writing </li></ul><ul><li>Activity writing </li></ul>
    4. 4. Writing for Writing <ul><li>Objective is to help students become better writers and learn how to write in various genres using various registers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes the following </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Handwriting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Orthography </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More… </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Writing Subskills <ul><li>Writing accurately </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spelling correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forming letters correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing legibly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuating correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using correct layouts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing the right vocabulary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using grammar correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joining sentences correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using paragraphs correctly </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Writing for Writing <ul><li>What’s the purpose? Invented or real? </li></ul><ul><li>For an exam? </li></ul><ul><li>Creative writing? </li></ul>
    7. 7. Tasks for Writing Teachers <ul><li>Demonstrating </li></ul><ul><li>Motivating and provoking </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting </li></ul><ul><li>Responding </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul>
    8. 8. What Students Need to Write <ul><li>Information & task information </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns & schemes </li></ul>J. Harmer (2004), pp. 62-63
    9. 9. Writing Continuum
    10. 10. Writing Process Pre-writing Writing Peer Editing Revising Rewriting Proofreading Finished Writing
    11. 11. Example from AIO Pre-Int , Unit 2 <ul><li>Rewrite the letter in #1 to make it sound positive </li></ul><ul><li>Describe a vacation destination and why you would go there in 50 words </li></ul><ul><li>Anecdote: tell a partner about the best city you’ve ever visited (originally a speaking activity) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Example from Top Notch 3 , Unit 6 <ul><li>Write about a historic disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Provide instructions on preparing for a disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the factors that contribute to the severity of an earthquake </li></ul>
    13. 13. Sentence & Paragraph <ul><li>Sentence production </li></ul><ul><li>Paired sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph construction </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled text construction </li></ul><ul><li>Free text construction </li></ul>
    14. 15. Group Writing <ul><li>Write the starter sentence on the board and have each student give you a sentence to continue the story. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As you go around the room the story will develop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students give the sentence orally and the teacher writes it on the board. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rewriting and expanding sentences </li></ul>
    15. 16. Sentence Starters <ul><li>Often when we ask our students to write about something they freeze </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My favorite month of the year is… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The best movie I’ve ever seen is… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the most exciting things that has ever happened to me is… </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Writing Storms <ul><li>Something funny that happened to me this week </li></ul><ul><li>What I really hate! </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite thing </li></ul><ul><li>A surprise I had </li></ul><ul><li>A landscape </li></ul><ul><li>A building </li></ul><ul><li>A memory from childhood </li></ul><ul><li>My best friend </li></ul><ul><li>My boss </li></ul>
    17. 18. Graphic Organizers <ul><li>Common language classroom g.o. functions </li></ul><ul><li>Describing </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing and contrasting </li></ul><ul><li>Classifying </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>Cause and effect </li></ul><ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Common designs </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster/Word Web </li></ul><ul><li>Describing Wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Fact and Opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Five W's Chart </li></ul><ul><li>KWL/KWHL Chart </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence Chart </li></ul><ul><li>Spider Map </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Chart </li></ul><ul><li>Venn Diagram </li></ul>
    18. 19. Using Pictures <ul><li>Describing pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Suspects and objects </li></ul><ul><li>Write the postcard </li></ul><ul><li>Portraits </li></ul><ul><li>Story tasks </li></ul>
    19. 20. Portraits http://www.365portraits.com
    20. 21. Sequence of Pictures
    21. 22. Writing Poems <ul><li>Acrostic poems / alphabetic poems </li></ul><ul><li>Stem / frame poems </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor generators </li></ul><ul><li>Model poems </li></ul>
    22. 23. Example Poems <ul><li>Hockey </li></ul><ul><li>H ockey is my favorite sport </li></ul><ul><li>O n the ice or street </li></ul><ul><li>C ool and fun </li></ul><ul><li>K eep on playing </li></ul><ul><li>E xercise and stronger </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou should try  </li></ul><ul><li>My Favorite Things </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A is for armadillos that I like to watch but don’t want to eat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B is for batter of cookies (which I do eat) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C is for cat (I miss mine a lot) </li></ul></ul>
    23. 24. Dictogloss <ul><li>Students re-create a text or story that the teacher reads to them </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ss get into groups to re-formulate the content – grammar can be different but they should try to maintain integrity of information </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 25. Dialogue Journals & Blogs <ul><li>Written conversations in which a learner and teacher (or other writing partner) communicate regularly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners write as much as they choose on a wide range of topics and in a variety of genres and styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher writes back regularly, responding to questions and comments, introducing new topics, or asking questions </li></ul></ul>http://www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/digests/Dialogue_Journals.html
    25. 26. Writing to Each Other <ul><li>Penpals / Keypals </li></ul><ul><li>Emails </li></ul><ul><li>Live chat </li></ul><ul><li>Forums </li></ul>
    26. 27. Comics and Graphic Novels
    27. 28. M. Satrapi. The Complete Persepolis .
    28. 29. G. Larson. The Far Side.
    29. 31. W. Senft Writing 4 3 2 1 You planned before writing. Web has 5 or more details. Web has 3 or 4 details. Web is incomplete. Did not complete a web. You wrote about the correct topic. Stayed on topic and followed your plan. Stayed on topic, but forgot a few details from your plan. Wrote about a different topic. Did not hand in a paper. You used simple past tense correctly. 2 mistakes or fewer 3-4 mistakes 5-6 mistakes Did not hand in a paper. You ended sentences with periods. 2 mistakes or fewer 3-4 mistakes 5-6 mistakes Did not hand in a paper.
    30. 32. Sample Rubrics Online <ul><li>ESL Writing 001 from Rubistar </li></ul><ul><li>FUHSD Writing Rubrics—Samples </li></ul><ul><li>The Rubric Bank from Chicago Public Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Teach-nology's Rubric Generators </li></ul>
    31. 33. Resources <ul><li>Campbell, C. (1998). Teaching Second Language Writing: Interacting with the Text . Heinle & Heinle. </li></ul><ul><li>Ferris, D.R. & Hedgcock, J.S. (2005). Teaching ESL Composition . Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. </li></ul><ul><li>Harmer, J. (2004). How to Teach Writing . Pearson Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Herrin, J. (2007). Task-based Activity Templates for Engaging Multi-level Learners . Training given by ELF 2006-07 in Kyiv. </li></ul><ul><li>King, J.M. (2007). Teaching Reading and Writing . Course taught by ELF 2006-07 in Turkmenistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Olsher, D. (1996). Words in motion: An interactive approach to writing . Oxford Univeristy Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Omaggio Hadley, A. (2001). Teaching language in context (3 rd ed.). Thomson Heinle. </li></ul><ul><li>Pavlik, C. & Keenan Segal, M. (2007) Interaction 1 Writing, Silver Edition . McGraw Hill. </li></ul><ul><li>Senft, W. (2007). Teaching and Assessing Writing . Training given by ELF 2007-08 in Costa Rica. </li></ul><ul><li>Slagoski, J. (2007). Communicative Writing Activities . Training given by ELF 2006-07 in Russia. </li></ul>