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Baguio CDRRMC-Disaster Operations Center

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This presentation is about the Baguio CDRRM-DOC and how it operates during times of emergencies/disasters, based on all applicable mandates and legal basis within its jurisdiction and within the scope …

This presentation is about the Baguio CDRRM-DOC and how it operates during times of emergencies/disasters, based on all applicable mandates and legal basis within its jurisdiction and within the scope of applicable laws. All images used in this presentation are properties and copyrighted by their respective owners. ©BaguioCDRRMC 2013. All rights reserved.

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  • This presentation is about the Baguio CDRRM-DOC and how it operates during times of emergencies/disasters, based on all applicable mandates and legal basis within its jurisdiction and within the scope of applicable laws. All images used in this presentation are properties and copyrighted by their respective owners. ©BaguioCDRRMC 2013. All rights reserved.
  • Transcript

    • 1. “OPCEN” OPERATIONS CENTER Baguio CDRRMC Operations Center by Ryann U. Castro
    • 2. SCOPE: 1. R.A. 10121 SECTION 12 2. LDRRM OFFICE FUNCTIONS 3. LDRRM OFFICE STRUCTURE 4. E/D OPERATIONS CENTER 5. ACTIVATION 6. NDRRM FRAMEWORK 7. SITUATIONAL ISSUES 8. INCIDENT MANAGEMENT 9. INCIDENT REPORTING/RECEIVING 10. INCIDENT PROFILING 2
    • 3. R.A. 10121 Section 12 LDRRM OFFICE
    • 4. R.A. 10121 SECTION 12 Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office (LDRRMO) • There shall be an established LDRRMO in every province, city & municipality & a BDRRMC in every barangay. • Will set the DIRECTION, DEVELOPMENT, IMPLEMENTATION & COORDINATION of disaster risk management programs within their territorial jurisdiction. 4
    • 5. LDRRM Office FUNCTIONS
    • 6. LDRRM OFFICE FUNCTIONS: Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office (LDRRMO) 1. Design programs & coordinate DRRM activities consistent with the NDRRMC standards. 2. Facilitate & support risk assessments & Contingency planning activities at the local level. 3. Consolidate local disaster risk information which includes natural hazards, vulnerabilities, & climate change risks & maintain a local risk map. 4. Organize & conduct training & knowledge management activities on DRRM at local level. 5. Operate a multi hazard early warning system linked to DRR to provide & timely advice to national / local emergency response organization & to the general public through : mass media, landline communications, radios & technologies for communication within rural communities. 6
    • 7. LDRRM OFFICE FUNCTIONS: …Continued Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office (LDRRMO) 6. Formulate & integrate an LDRRMP in accordance with the national framework, formulate policies on DRR. 7. Prepare & submit an annual LDRRMO Plan & budget, the proposed program of the LDRRMF, other regular funding source & budgetary support. 8. Conduct continuous disaster monitoring & mobilize instrumentalities & assets of LGUs, CSO, private groups & organized volunteers. Utilize their resources for the protection & preservation of life during emergencies (in accordance with existing policies & procedures). 9. Identify, assess and manage the hazards, vulnerabilities and risk that may occur. 10. Disseminate information & raise public awareness about hazards, vulnerabilities & risks, their nature & effects, early warning signs & counter measures. 7
    • 8. LDRRM OFFICE FUNCTIONS: …Continued Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office (LDRRMO) 11. Identify & implement cost effective risk reduction measures. 12. Maintain a database of ERTS, equipment, directories & location of critical infrastructures & their capacities such as hospital & evacuation center. 13. Develop, strengthen and operationalize mechanisms for partnership or networking with the private sector, CSOs, and volunteer groups. 14. Take all necessary steps on a continuing basis to maintain, provide or arrange the provision of or to otherwise make available suitably trained & competent personnel for effective civil defense & DRRM in the area. 15. Organize , train, equip & supervise the local ERTs and ACDVs, ensuring that humanitarian aid workers are equipped with basic skills. 8
    • 9. LDRRM OFFICE FUNCTIONS: …Continued Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office (LDRRMO) 16. Respond to and manage the adverse effects of emergencies & carry out recovery activities in the affected area, ensuring that there is an efficient mechanism for immediate delivery of Identify food, shelter, medicines. 17. Promote & raise awareness and compliance with RA10121. 18. Secretariat & executive arm of the LDRRMC. 19. Coordinate other disaster risk reduction and management activities. 20. Establish linkage / network with other LGUs for disaster risk reduction & emergency response purpose. 21. Recommend through the LDRRMC the enactment of local ordinances consistent with the requirement of this act. 22. Implement policies approved plans & programs of LDRRMC consistent with the policies & guidelines laid down in this act; 9
    • 10. LDRRM OFFICE FUNCTIONS: …Continued Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office (LDRRMO) 23. Establish a BARANGAY Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Operations Center. 24. Prepare & submit through the LDRRMC and the LDC, the report on the utilization of the LDRRMF and other dedicated disaster risk reduction and management resources to the local COA, copy furnished the RD of OCD and LGOO of DILG. 25. Act on the matter authorized by the LDRRMC. 10
    • 11. LDRRM Office STRUCTURE
    • 12. LDRRM OFFICE STRUCTURE Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Officer (LDRRM OFFICER) ADMIN & TRAINING 12 RESEARCH & PLANNING OPERATIONS & WARNING
    • 13. EMERGENCY/DISASTER OPERATIONS CENTER
    • 14. BAGUIO CDRRMC-DOC 14
    • 15. DISASTER OR EMERGENCY OPCEN • Is a central command and control facility responsible for carrying out the principles or functions of emergency / disaster preparedness and management at a strategic level in an emergency situation, and ensuring the continuity of operation of a company, political subdivision or other organization. • An Emergency / Disaster OPCEN is responsible for the strategic overview, or "big picture", of the disaster. • Used in varying ways at all levels of government and within private industry to provide coordination, direction and control during emergencies. 15
    • 16. DISASTER OR EMERGENCY OPCEN …Continued • The common functions of all E/D OPCEN is to collect, gather and analyze data; make decisions that protect life and property, maintain continuity of the organization, within the scope of applicable laws; and disseminate those decisions to all concerned agencies and individuals. • In most E/DOC's, there is one individual in charge, and that is the Emergency/Disaster Manager. 16
    • 17. DISASTER OR EMERGENCY OPCEN …Continued BRINGS TOGETHER THE VITAL ASPECT OF : SITUATION ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING SITUATION MONITORING DISSEMINATION of WARNING INFORMATION COLLECTION & ANALYSIS RESOURCE DISPATCH, TRACKING & REQUEST MEDIA & PUBLIC INFORMATION 17 Working 24/7 TASK ALLOCATION ACTIVATION of the BDRRMC responders & others With DISASTER MNGT FUNCTION COORDINATION & COMMUNICATION ACTION PRIORITIES
    • 18. ACTIVATION
    • 19. ACTIVATION UNDERSTANDING THE COLORED ALERT STATUS & DISASTER WARNING SYMBOLS NOTIFICATION - When an event/disaster occurs, notification is made to all partner agencies, and CDRRMC Disaster Operations Center support staff who needs to take actions as part of their pre-assigned tasks and responsibilities; BLUE ALERT (PARTIAL ACTIVATION) - An initial limited or a post Red Alert scaled down operational condition of the Disaster Operations Center (DOC). All field personnel go on stand-by, assets pre-positioned for easy deployment; RED ALERT (FULL ACTIVATION) - All primary and secondary support agencies of the CDRRMC are on active status/on-call, manning respective stations along with DOC staff, while directing-coordinating personnel/assets on a 24-hour basis during an ongoing event; DEACTIVATION - The DOC Chief as may be directed by the Chief Executive or Action Officer to deactivate the alert status and normal operations of the Disaster Operations Center resumes. 19 STAGES or LEVELS of ACTIVATION for DRRMCs
    • 20. ACTIVATION …Continued UNDERSTANDING THE COLORED ALERT STATUS & DISASTER WARNING SYMBOLS 20
    • 21. ACTIVATION RED …Continued Full scale activation • Full scale activation. • Citywide activation of the BDRRMC’s & respective operations centers. • Focal members of the CDRRMC’s will be in the operations center for fast action, coordination & decision. • Convene a council meeting to address preparedness for response & other concerns. 21
    • 22. ACTIVATION BLUE …Continued Partial activation • Partial activation - whole members • Citywide activation of the BDRRMCs & respective operations centers • Convene a council meeting to address preparedness for response & other concerns 22
    • 23. ACTIVATION • 24/7 monitoring of AOR 23 …Continued
    • 24. CONTENTS INSIDE AN OPCEN
    • 25. OPERATIONS CENTER CONTENTS WHAT SHOULD BE SEEN IN AN OPCEN 1. Manpower • Regular employees • Support personnel • Liaisons 2. Communication and/or ICT equipment • Better communication facility (cellphone, landline, radio SSB/UHF/VHF) • Computers & others 3. Visual information • Data boards • Inventories of resources (TEA’s, responders, contacts & others) • Maps (Base maps, hazard maps) 25
    • 26. OPERATIONS CENTER CONTENTS WHAT SHOULD BE SEEN IN AN OPCEN 4. Plans • Response plan • Contingency plan for specific scenarios 5. Facility • War room or work area • Conference/briefing facility • Sufficient work space • Rest area • Pantry • Emergency power supply • Storage • vehicle access 26 …Continued
    • 27. CALL TO ACTION OPCEN ACTIVATED
    • 28. OPERATIONS CENTER CALL TO ACTION 28
    • 29. PARADIGM SHIFT NDRRM FAMEWORK
    • 30. PARADIGM SHIFT Emergency/Disaster Management • • • • • • • • / Preparedness • • • • • • • Public awareness Public commitment Community actions Education & Training Early Warning SOP & Plans ICS Development • • • • • • Executive/Legislative Agenda Environmental Management Comprehensive Land Use Plan Risk proofing Financial tools Hazard identification & Mitigation: Vulnerability Analysis Capacity Analysis Risk Reduction DANA Relief SAR Incident Command System Evacuation Health Prevention Rehabilitation • • • • • Response Livelihood Housing Lifelines Education Infrastructure REACTIVE 30
    • 31. PARADIGM SHIFT 31 …Continued
    • 32. PARADIGM SHIFT …Continued Emergency/Disaster Risk Management Mitigation: Risk Reduction /Prevention Preparedness Rehabilitation Response PROACTIVE 32
    • 33. PARADIGM SHIFT …Continued National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Framework EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT Reactive Proactive Disaster Response Emergency Specialists Hazard Scientists 33 Disaster Risk Reduction Risks Specialists Economic Managers Development Planners
    • 34. SITUATIONAL ISSUES THINGS TO CONSIDER
    • 35. SITUATIONAL ISSUES …Continued In any major situation, there are three (3) critical issues that usually arise, namely: 35
    • 36. TIME CONSTRAINT
    • 37. TIME CONSTRAINT • WARN PEOPLE • EVACUATE THE PEOPLE • SAVE LIVES • CASUALTIES • INJURED • DEAD • MISSING • IMPENDING HAZARDS • UTILITY SHUT DOWN • LOOTERS • Others 37 …Continued
    • 38. ENORMOUS NEEDS
    • 39. ENORMOUS NEEDS • ACTIVATION of BDRRMC • HELP • RESPONDERS • SAR • EMS • FIRE SUPPRESION • EVACUATION • DANA • LAW ENFORCEMENT • AUGMENTATION TEAM 39 • TRANSPORTATION …Continued • VOLUNTEERS • MEDICINES • DAMAGES • ROADS • UTILITIES • GAPS • Others
    • 40. COORDINATION
    • 41. COORDINATION • WHAT? • WHERE? • WHEN? • WHO? • HOW? • Others 41 …Continued
    • 42. INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SIX (6) BUILDING BLOCKS
    • 43. INCIDENT MANAGEMENT COMMAND & CONTROL LAW ENFORCEMENT 43 DANA SAR EMS FIRE SUPPRESION EVACUATION & RELIEF
    • 44. STRUCTURAL FIRE
    • 45. STRUCTURAL FIRE Tiong San Bazaar, 1:00 PM, April 2, 2008 Property and merchandise worth around P 200 million were lost in a 10-hour fire. 45
    • 46. STRUCTURAL FIRE …Continued COMMAND & CONTROL LAW DANA SAR EMS ENFORCEMENT FIRE SUPPRESION E R TS I F 46 EVACUATION & RELIEF
    • 47. LANDSLIDE
    • 48. LANDSLIDE Little Kibungan, Puguis, La Trinidad, Benguet The landslide buried more or less 25 houses 50+ residents. 48
    • 49. LANDSLIDE …Continued COMMAND & CONTROL LAW DANA SAR EMS ENFORCEMENT FIRE SUPPRESION AN NG LITTLE BU KI 49 EVACUATION & RELIEF
    • 50. VEHICULAR ACCIDENT
    • 51. VEHICULAR ACCIDENT Byron Bus 198 Accident May 11, 2005, Badiwan, Tuba, Benguet : 29 dead 51
    • 52. VEHICULAR ACCIDENT …Continued COMMAND & CONTROL LAW DANA SAR EMS ENFORCEMENT FIRE SUPPRESION WAY VA HIGH COS MAR 52 EVACUATION & RELIEF
    • 53. S.A.R. DROWNED INDIVIDUAL (MISSING)
    • 54. S.A.R. Flash Flood Victim SAR, September 30-October 5, 2012 Point of Origin: Crystal Cave, Baguio City – Point of Sighting: Sitio Pacac, Tuba, Benguet 54
    • 55. S.A.R. …Continued COMMAND & CONTROL LAW DANA SAR EMS ENFORCEMENT FIRE SUPPRESION FLOOD FLASH MISSING TO DUE 55 EVACUATION & RELIEF
    • 56. AIRCRAFT CRASH PRESIDENTIAL CHOPPER BELL 412
    • 57. AIRCRAFT CRASH Crash Incident Presidential Chopper BELL 412 April 7, 2009, Brgy. Eheb, Tinoc, Ifugao : 8 dead 57
    • 58. AIRCRAFT CRASH …Continued COMMAND & CONTROL LAW DANA SAR EMS ENFORCEMENT FIRE SUPPRESION 2 1 CRASH 4 BELL 58 EVACUATION & RELIEF
    • 59. INCIDENT REPORTING / RECIEVING
    • 60. WHAT TO DO 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. (WHO) IDENTIFY YOURSELF (WHAT) IDENTIFY NATURE OF CALL (WHERE) EXACT ADDRESS/LOCATION (WHEN) STATE EXACT TIME AND DATE (HOW) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION THAT MAY BE RELEVANT *AFTER A CALL, ALWAYS DO VERIFICATION* 60
    • 61. INCIDENT PROFILING
    • 62. INCIDENT PROFILING Profile of the Incident:  What : _____________________________________ (Type of incident)  When : _____________________________________ (Date and time of occurrence)  Where : _____________________________________ (Estimated location)  Why : _____________________________________ (Probable cause of the incident) 62
    • 63. INCIDENT PROFILING …Continued  Who : _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (Affected population and responding agencies in the area)  How : _____________________________________ (How was the response carried out?) 63
    • 64. QUESTIONS? 64
    • 65. “Initiative is doing the right thing without being told.” – Victor Hugo 65
    • 66. 66

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