Fostering Disaster-Resilient Communities

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Luncheon Speaker Series
06/28/2008
Chris Chiesa
Pacific Disaster Center

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Fostering Disaster-Resilient Communities

  1. 1. HIGICC Annual Meeting Honolulu, Hawaii June 25, 2008 GIS ‘round the Pacific Basin Fostering Disaster-Resilient Communities Chris Chiesa Chief Information Officer Pacific Disaster Center 1305 North Holopono Street, Suite 2 Kihei, HI 96753 cchiesa@pdc.org +1(808)891-0525 http://www.pdc.org
  2. 2. Agenda  Brief Overview of PDC Mission and Programs  Recent GIS Activities Supporting Disaster Management in the Asia Pacific Region  Vietnam  Philippines  ASEAN  PACOM/JTF-HD/APCSS  Hawaii Events  Q&A (c) 2008 - PDC 21
  3. 3. PDC Mission Provide applied information research and analysis support for the development of more effective policies, institutions, programs and information products for the disaster management and humanitarian assistance communities of the Asia Pacific region and beyond. Hawaii, Alaska, and the Pacific and Indian Ocean Regions • 38% of World’s Disasters • 80% of World’s Casualties (c) 2008 - PDC 31
  4. 4. Facilities in the State of Hawaii Federal Support Office Ft. Shafter State of Hawaii Kauai Support Office Hawaii SCD, Diamond Head Pacific Disaster Center Maui Research & Hawaii Technology Park, Maui Program Office – DC Area Project Offices – Bangkok & Hanoi (c) 2008 - PDC 41
  5. 5. PDC “Governance” • Operates under a Cooperative Agreement (CA) between US Government and a “Managing Partner” • From 2001- 2006, part of the East-West Center, a NFP internationally recognized education and research organization that promotes the development of an Asia Pacific community. • Beginning in late 2006, part of the University of Hawaii, with strong links to the Asia Pacific region for over 100 years and nearly 50,000 students on 10 campuses in the State. (c) 2008 - PDC 51
  6. 6. Building a Bridge Science Decision Community Makers Peer Review Audience The Public Low Comfort with uncertainty High Complex Vocabulary Simple Technical Very Groups Associations Public (c) 2008 - PDC 61
  7. 7. Our Center …  Applied Science & Integrating Technology Information, Science,  Information Products Observation Systems Technology GIS, Visualization and Display Systems Supporting: / Data  Policy & Decision Makers  Disaster Managers Improve Decision-  Humanitarian Support Assistance Capabilities Advanced Applications, Communication Systems Algorithms, Models and Networks (c) 2008 - PDC 71
  8. 8. (c) 2008 - PDC 81
  9. 9. (c) 2008 - PDC 91
  10. 10. (c) 2008 - PDC 101
  11. 11. (c) 2008 - PDC 111
  12. 12. Vietnam  Vietnam is a disaster-prone country, impacted by typhoons, floods / flash floods, landslides  85M people; 50%+ rural/ag (c) 2008 - PDC 121
  13. 13. PDC has had an active program of cooperation with Vietnam‟s national disaster agencies for more than 4 years … (c) 2008 - PDC 131
  14. 14. Phu Tho Province Flood Inundation Purpose: To better understand potential inundation areas and resulting impacts of flooding • Scenario: hypothetical breaching of dykes along Black & Red rivers • Reduce impacts to lives and property • Allow Disaster Management officials to refine mitigation options and evaluate preparedness plans, including warning systems and evacuation procedures • Modeled using the DHI MIKE 21 Flood model (c) 2008 - PDC 141
  15. 15. Key Infrastructure Data Collection (c) 2008 - PDC 151
  16. 16. Consequence Assessment (c) 2008 - PDC 161
  17. 17. Viet Nam Hazards Atlas http://www.ccfsc.org.vn/atlas (c) 2008 - PDC 171
  18. 18. PDC organized and conducted workshops and training classes to support Capacity Development at National and Provincial Level in Disaster Management practices Map Viewer Training Class International “Best Practice” Workshop (c) 2008 - PDC 181
  19. 19. (c) 2008 - PDC 201
  20. 20. Hazard Occurrences Event Date and Geographical Extent Impacts Deaths Estimated Type Duration Losses ($) Flood June 22-30, Luzon Island. Provinces - Rizal, Bataan & Flooding due to 98 $60,000,000 1985 Pampanga; Cities - Manila, Quezon, Santa Typhoons Hal Cruz & Irma Flood July 9-13, Luzon Island. Provinces: Nueva Ecija, La Flooding due to 103 $165,500,000 1986 Union, Cagayan, Tarlac, Pangasinan. Low- Typhoon Peggy lying areas in Manila, Baguio. Flood November Luzon Island. - Bicol Peninsula. Camarines Flooding due to 255 $400,000 4-8, 1988 Sur province. Pasacao. Pasig in Metro Manila Tropical Storm area. Panay Island - Capiz & Aklan Tess, and provinces. Palawan Island - Rizal. Flooding Typhoon also reported on Cebu, Leyte, Visayas & Skip/Yoning Romblon islands Flood July 30 to Phillippines Provinces: Rizal, Pampanga, Flooding due to 152 $675,000,000 August 8, Bulacan and Pangasinan. Cities/towns: Manila brief torrential 1999 rain Flood October 28- Southeastern Luzon. Manila and nearby Flooding due to 41 $12,500,000 31, 2000 areas. brief torrential rain Flood September Northern and eastern Manila city, Districts of Flooding due to 47 $169,000,000 4-5, 2000 Caloocan, Quezon, Malabon. heavy rain Flood July 1-19, Luzon Island - Provinces: La Union, Benguet, Flooding due to 178 $2,980,000,000 2001 Mountain. Cordillera, Ilocos regions. Baguio heavy rain city. Metro Manila. (c) 2008 - PDC 211
  21. 21. (c) 2008 - PDC 221
  22. 22. Riverine Flood Vulnerability Map (c) 2008 - PDC 231
  23. 23. Earthquake Vulnerability Map (c) 2008 - PDC 241
  24. 24. Proposed Land Use Areas APD #3 APD #2 APD #1 (c) 2008 - PDC 251
  25. 25. Vulnerability Maps – Area of Priority Development #2 (c) 2008 - PDC 261
  26. 26. Marikina CityCity Marikina Internet Map Viewer URL: www.pdc.org/marikina (c) 2008 - PDC 271
  27. 27. 1992 Flood Prone Areas & Critical Facility Locations Flood Prone Areas (c) 2008 - PDC 281
  28. 28. ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management TENTH MEETING OF THE ASEAN COMMITTEE ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT (ACDM) Online Southeast Asia Disaster Inventory (OSADI) Training Program 23 October, 2007 Singapore Prepared By: Ray Shirkhodai, Executive Director, Pacific Disaster Center, Maui, Hawaii RShirkhodai@PDC.Org
  29. 29. (c) 2008 - PDC 301
  30. 30. Background  The Online Southeast Asia Disaster Inventory (OSADI) is a web-based disaster database that compiles historical records of disasters in ASEAN Member Countries, hazard maps and other spatial disaster-related data.  OSADI is part of the ASEAN Disaster Information Sharing and Communication Network (ASEAN DISCNet) project, which is a priority activity under the ASEAN Regional Programme on Disaster Management (ARPDM), 2004-2010.  It is expected that OSADI will facilitate disaster management information sharing among ASEAN Member Countries and support decision making processes at all levels of disaster management – from policy making to preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery activities.  OSADI is developed by the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) with technical assistance of the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). (c) 2008 - PDC 311
  31. 31. Home Page http://www.pdc.org/osadi (c) 2008 - PDC 321
  32. 32. ASEAN Project Overview  Activity strengthens Association of Southeast Asian Nations‟ (ASEAN) regional disaster management practices  Task 1: Develop an ASEAN Post-Disaster Needs & Damage Assessment Manual incorporating best practices and SOPs for field response teams.  Task 2: Conduct a Post-Disaster Needs & Damage Assessment Training Workshop (July 2008) to train practitioners on implementation of manual. (c) 2008 - PDC 331
  33. 33. Post-Disaster Needs & Damage Assessment Manual & Training Workshop Project Kick-off Meeting 10 April 2008 ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta, Indonesia
  34. 34. PACOM Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR)
  35. 35. (c) 2008 - PDC 361
  36. 36. (c) 2008 - PDC 371
  37. 37. Airports Disaster MTT Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands 12 – 14 September 2007 The Application of Geospatial Technologies for Disaster Management ~ Airports Example ~ Todd Bosse Sr. Geospatial Analyst Pacific Disaster Center 1305 N. Holopono St., Suite 2 Kihei, Maui, Hawaii 96753 http://www.pdc.org
  38. 38. GIS in Support of an Airport Disaster • Search Grid Map • 5km X 5km (c) 2008 - PDC 391
  39. 39. GIS in Support of an Airport Disaster • Terrain Hillshade Crash Site - 30m DEM - Shows topography - Basis for other products (c) 2008 - PDC 401
  40. 40. GIS in Support of an Airport Disaster • Sight Analysis - Based on elevation data - Circular, or line - What can be seen from a point on the ground - Useful for search efforts (c) 2008 - PDC 411
  41. 41. Am Samoa, March „07 (c) 2008 - PDC 421
  42. 42. Chuuk FSM, July „07 (c) 2008 - PDC 431
  43. 43. Majuro, RMI August „07 (c) 2008 - PDC 441
  44. 44. Geospatial Information Technologies for Disaster Management Emergency Preparedness Workshop: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 10 – 14 March, 2008 John Livengood Geospatial Information Specialist Pacific Disaster Center jlivengood@pdc.org 1305 N. Holopono Street, Suite 2 Kihei, Maui, Hawaii 96753 http://www.pdc.org - Contact@pdc.org 1-808-891-0525 - 1-808-891-0526 (Fax)
  45. 45. Mongolia, Mar „08 (c) 2008 - PDC 461
  46. 46. Earthquakes over Mongolia Significant Earthquakes Magnitude 4.1 - 6.0 6.1 - 8.0 (c) 2008 - PDC 250 0 125 500 750 1,000 1,250 471 1,500 8.1 - 10.0 Kilometers
  47. 47. Heaviest Snowfall in Mongolia by the Dzud (2000/2001) (c) 2008 - PDC 250 0 125 500 750 1,000 1,250 481 1,500 Kilometers
  48. 48. Possible Flood Hazards from Snow Melting (c) 2008 - PDC 250 0 125 500 750 1,000 1,250 491 1,500 Kilometers
  49. 49. Support to Hawaii Civil Defense
  50. 50. Hawaii Floods (March 2006) (c) 2008 - PDC 521
  51. 51. Kauai DARC (c) 2008 - PDC 531
  52. 52. Oahu DARC (c) 2008 - PDC 541
  53. 53. Kona 6.7 EQ (Oct 2006) (c) 2008 - PDC 551
  54. 54. (c) 2008 - PDC 561
  55. 55. (c) 2008 - PDC 571
  56. 56. (c) 2008 - PDC 581
  57. 57. Polipoli Fire (Maui) January 2007 (c) 2008 - PDC 591
  58. 58. Kona Storm / Flooding December 2007 (c) 2008 - PDC 601
  59. 59. (c) 2008 - PDC 611
  60. 60. Maui DARC (At PDC) (c) 2008 - PDC 621
  61. 61. EMOPS2 (c) 2008 - PDC 631
  62. 62. (c) 2008 - PDC 641
  63. 63. Mahalo Visit us at: www.pdc.org (c) 2008 - PDC 651

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