1860s Slide Show History
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  • 1. The 1860’s Paige Agresti, Maddy Gaffey, and Hunter Owen
  • 2. The Inventions of the 1860’s
  • 3. Important Inventions
    • The velocipede which was the first popular bike was invented in 1861
    • Rubber sole shoes were invented in 1868
    • Instead of public bath tubs independent ones came into individual households. Along with the invention of the gas water heater, all in 1865
    • Hot dogs were invented in 1860, fist sold in New York
    • The term kindergarten (garden of children) was created by Fredrich Wilhelm in 1860
    • The coal-powered motorcycle was invented by Sylvester Howard Roper in 1867
    • Explosive devices, such as dynamite, were invented by Alred Bernard Nobel in 1867
    • Toilet paper was invented by Thomas Edward in 1867
    • The Type Writer was invented by Christopher Latham Scholes in 1867
    • After Thomas Adams spent years experimenting with synthetic rubber, he thought of the idea of gum in 1869 and later
  • 4. Literature and Arts
    • Charles Dickens wrote his best book Great Expectations
    • The original Alice in Wonderland was written in 1865 by Lewis Carroll
    • Art mainly consisted of landscape representing Civil War and slavery
    • Dime novels were popular
    • Dime novels were usually paperback stories that were sold for about 10 cents
    Important Authors Nathaniel Hawthorne, Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, Edgar Allen Poe and Emily Dickinson
  • 5. 1860’s Fashion
    • Women:
    • Wore large skirts these skirts
    • had 5-8 foot diameter approximately
    • Had high Necklines with lace and tattled collars
    • Detailed Gowns with puffy sleeves
    • Heavy silks in solid colors
    • Bonnets
    • Crocheted clothing
    • Corsets were commonly worn underneath gowns
    Trends in the 1860’s included:
    • Men:
    • Long coats
    • Wide neckties
    • Full lengths trousers
    • Top hats
  • 6. Abraham Lincoln
    • Abraham Lincoln was elected president November 1860
    • The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Lincoln September 1862, however it didn’t come into affect until January 1863
    • Congress orders Lincoln to suspend the right of Habeas Corpus in March 1863
    • July 1864, Lincoln pocket-vetoed the Davis bill for Radical Reconstruction
    • November 1864 Lincoln was re-elected president
    • April 14 th , 1865 Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth, and died the next morning on April 15 th
    John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln on April 14, 1865 while President Lincoln was watching the Comedy Play “ My American Cousin” at Ford’s Theater
  • 7. Political Decisions
    • February 1861 Virginia Peace Convention held to try to resolve the war peacefully
    • Emancipation Proclamation takes effect 1863
    • Slavery abolished in Washington DC 1863
    • 1865 13 th Amendment ratified
    • Andrew Jackson takes Oath of Office 1865
    Recently discovered photos of the White house and President Lincoln in March 6, 1865 by Henry F. Warren.
  • 8. Social Groups
    • Women’s Rights
    • came into play during the 1848’s and through the 1860’s
    Important people to stand for Women Rights in the 1860’s
    • Susan B. Anthony
    • Elizabeth C. Stanton
    • Lucy Stone
    • Henry Blackwell
    The National Woman Suffrage Association was founded 1869 Their goal was to get voting rights for Women, to get the 19 th amendment past in congress
    • December 10, 1869 Wyoming first to pass a
    • women’s suffrage law
  • 9. Social Groups Continued
    • The Abolitionist Movement
    • The movement in Western Europe and in America to free all slaves
    US Census in 1860 state that The slave population had grown to Over 4 million slaves
    • Important Reformers
    • William Lloyd Garrison
    • John Greenleaf Whittier
    • Harriet Beecher Stowe
    • Frederick Douglass
    • Charles Henry Langston
    • William Lloyd
    • Garrison was an Editor of a radical
    • News paper called the “Liberator”
    • He also fought for Women's Suffrage
    • John G. Whitter
    • Was an advocate
    • Of abolition
    • He lived in
    • Haverhill, Mass.
    • Voted for Lincoln’s
    • Presidency
  • 10. Military Weaponry The Gatling Gun, used little in the Civil war is considered by many Historian to be the first machine gun The USS Kearsarge, a Northern Sea ship, famous for sinking the Southern Raider Alabama in 1864 The Confederate Raider, Alabama a southern war ship that instead of attacking Northern Naval ships chased and sank 65 merchant ships, and only 1 Naval Ship
  • 11. Civil War Battles
    • The Civil War was between the south, the Confederates, and the north, also known as the Union
    • Fort Sumter Battle, South Carolina, 1861, Victory goes to south
    • 1 st Bull Run Battle, Virginia, 1862, victory goes to south
    • Fort Henry and Fort Donelson Battle, Tennessee, 1862, victory goes to north
    • Shiloh Battle, Mississippi, 1862, battle was a draw
    • Ironclads-Monitor and Merrimac Battle, Virginia, 1862, battle was a draw
    • Peninsula Campaign battle, Virginia, 1862, Confederates win
    • 2 nd Bull run battle, Virginia, 1862, Confederates get victory
    • Antietam Battle, Maryland, 1862, the battle was draw, but the Union was considered victorious
  • 12. Civil War Battles Continued
    • Fredericksburg battle, Virginia, 1862, Confederates get victory
    • Chancellorsville Battle, Virginia, 1863, Confederates win
    • Gettysburg Battle, Pennsylvania, 1863, Victory goes to the Union
    • Vicksburg Battle, Mississippi, 1863, victory goes to the north
    • Sherman’s March to the sea Battle, Georgia, 1864-1865 Union gets victory
  • 13. Bibliography
    • &quot;Lincoln Papers: Lincoln Assassination: Introduction.&quot; American Memory from the Library of Congress - Home Page . Web. 07 Mar. 2010.<http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html>.
    • Abraham Lincoln Assassination . Photograph. Topic Sites. The Abraham Lincoln Assassination . Web. 7 Mar. 2010. <http://www.topicsites.com/abraham-incoln/assassination.htm>.
    • Hickman, Kennedy. &quot;CSS Alabama - Weapons of the American Civil War - CSS Alabama and Civil War Navies - Confederate Raider CSS Alabama.&quot; Military History - Warfare through the Ages - Battles and Conflicts - Weapons of War - Military Leaders in History . Web. 07 Mar. 2010. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/smallarms/ig/Civil-War- Weapons-Gallery/CSS-Alabama.htm>.
    • Williams, T. Harry. The Union Sundered. Ed. Life. Canada: C. D. Jackson, 1963. Print.
    • “ Abolitiionism” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web 10 Mar. 2010 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abolitionism>