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  1. 1. The Civil War was fought from1861 to1864.
  2. 2.   The Union - 23 states, including four border slave states The Confederacy - 11 states
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Tensions between the Northern states (the Union) and Southern states (the Confederate)  states' rights, authority and slavery
  4. 4.  Bombardment of Fort Sumter in South Carolina  Battles at Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
  5. 5.  The Civil War consisted of more than 50 major battles and 5000 minor battles.  Over 620,000 of 2.4 million soldiers were killed, millions more were injured and the population and territory of the South were devastated.
  6. 6.  It was the costliest war of America.
  7. 7. Northern and southern advantages  (Union advantages)  Population  22 million in the Union and 9 million in the Confederacy.  Industry, firearms, railroad equipment
  8. 8. (South Advantages)  Geography  experienced military leaders
  9. 9. The Union and Confederate Navies  90 ships at the start of the war to 650 vessels of all types. (the Union)  various ironclads and a lot of minor vessels. (the Confederate)
  10. 10. Leaders of the Civil War Abraham Lincoln President of the United States
  11. 11.  the Commander-in-Chief of the Union Army  He issued the Emancipation Proclamation.  end of the slavery in the United States
  12. 12. Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America
  13. 13.  Commander - in - Chief of the Confederate Army  a great military leader  many victories during the Civil War
  14. 14. Ulysses S. Grant Leader of the Union Army
  15. 15.  trained at the Military Academy at West Point, New York  an excellent military leader  president of the United States twice
  16. 16. Robert Edward Lee General-in-chief of the Confederate army
  17. 17.  the greatest general-in-chief of the Confederate State army.  every virtue of great commanders  West Point Military Academy  refused the request of President Lincoln
  18. 18. The Confederacy’s Defeat  despaired  stronger, more troops  General Lee surrendered  end of the war on April 9, 1865 .
  19. 19. Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation Proclamation - the freedom of all slaves
  20. 20. Freedmen's Bureau  4 million slaves were freed in the U.S.  new but hard life
  21. 21.  look to the United States government for help  The Freedmen's Bureau aided freed slaves in1865 –1872.  help find lost family for African  teach to read and write
  22. 22. Cost of the Civil War  difficult to measure  computation of several researchers  total direct cost  $ 3,365,846 - the North  $ 3,285,900 - the South
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention!

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