1860s Slide Show History


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1860s Slide Show History

  1. 1. The 1860’s Paige Agresti, Maddy Gaffey, and Hunter Owen
  2. 2. The Inventions of the 1860’s
  3. 3. Important Inventions <ul><li>The velocipede which was the first popular bike was invented in 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber sole shoes were invented in 1868 </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of public bath tubs independent ones came into individual households. Along with the invention of the gas water heater, all in 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Hot dogs were invented in 1860, fist sold in New York </li></ul><ul><li>The term kindergarten (garden of children) was created by Fredrich Wilhelm in 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>The coal-powered motorcycle was invented by Sylvester Howard Roper in 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>Explosive devices, such as dynamite, were invented by Alred Bernard Nobel in 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>Toilet paper was invented by Thomas Edward in 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>The Type Writer was invented by Christopher Latham Scholes in 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>After Thomas Adams spent years experimenting with synthetic rubber, he thought of the idea of gum in 1869 and later </li></ul>
  4. 4. Literature and Arts <ul><li>Charles Dickens wrote his best book Great Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>The original Alice in Wonderland was written in 1865 by Lewis Carroll </li></ul><ul><li>Art mainly consisted of landscape representing Civil War and slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Dime novels were popular </li></ul><ul><li>Dime novels were usually paperback stories that were sold for about 10 cents </li></ul>Important Authors Nathaniel Hawthorne, Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, Edgar Allen Poe and Emily Dickinson
  5. 5. 1860’s Fashion <ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><li>Wore large skirts these skirts </li></ul><ul><li>had 5-8 foot diameter approximately </li></ul><ul><li>Had high Necklines with lace and tattled collars </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed Gowns with puffy sleeves </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy silks in solid colors </li></ul><ul><li>Bonnets </li></ul><ul><li>Crocheted clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Corsets were commonly worn underneath gowns </li></ul>Trends in the 1860’s included: <ul><li>Men: </li></ul><ul><li>Long coats </li></ul><ul><li>Wide neckties </li></ul><ul><li>Full lengths trousers </li></ul><ul><li>Top hats </li></ul>
  6. 6. Abraham Lincoln <ul><li>Abraham Lincoln was elected president November 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Lincoln September 1862, however it didn’t come into affect until January 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>Congress orders Lincoln to suspend the right of Habeas Corpus in March 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>July 1864, Lincoln pocket-vetoed the Davis bill for Radical Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>November 1864 Lincoln was re-elected president </li></ul><ul><li>April 14 th , 1865 Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth, and died the next morning on April 15 th </li></ul>John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln on April 14, 1865 while President Lincoln was watching the Comedy Play “ My American Cousin” at Ford’s Theater
  7. 7. Political Decisions <ul><li>February 1861 Virginia Peace Convention held to try to resolve the war peacefully </li></ul><ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation takes effect 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery abolished in Washington DC 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>1865 13 th Amendment ratified </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson takes Oath of Office 1865 </li></ul>Recently discovered photos of the White house and President Lincoln in March 6, 1865 by Henry F. Warren.
  8. 8. Social Groups <ul><li>Women’s Rights </li></ul><ul><li>came into play during the 1848’s and through the 1860’s </li></ul>Important people to stand for Women Rights in the 1860’s <ul><li>Susan B. Anthony </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth C. Stanton </li></ul><ul><li>Lucy Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Blackwell </li></ul>The National Woman Suffrage Association was founded 1869 Their goal was to get voting rights for Women, to get the 19 th amendment past in congress <ul><li>December 10, 1869 Wyoming first to pass a </li></ul><ul><li>women’s suffrage law </li></ul>
  9. 9. Social Groups Continued <ul><li>The Abolitionist Movement </li></ul><ul><li>The movement in Western Europe and in America to free all slaves </li></ul>US Census in 1860 state that The slave population had grown to Over 4 million slaves <ul><li>Important Reformers </li></ul><ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul><ul><li>John Greenleaf Whittier </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet Beecher Stowe </li></ul><ul><li>Frederick Douglass </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Henry Langston </li></ul><ul><li>William Lloyd </li></ul><ul><li>Garrison was an Editor of a radical </li></ul><ul><li>News paper called the “Liberator” </li></ul><ul><li>He also fought for Women's Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>John G. Whitter </li></ul><ul><li>Was an advocate </li></ul><ul><li>Of abolition </li></ul><ul><li>He lived in </li></ul><ul><li>Haverhill, Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Voted for Lincoln’s </li></ul><ul><li>Presidency </li></ul>
  10. 10. Military Weaponry The Gatling Gun, used little in the Civil war is considered by many Historian to be the first machine gun The USS Kearsarge, a Northern Sea ship, famous for sinking the Southern Raider Alabama in 1864 The Confederate Raider, Alabama a southern war ship that instead of attacking Northern Naval ships chased and sank 65 merchant ships, and only 1 Naval Ship
  11. 11. Civil War Battles <ul><li>The Civil War was between the south, the Confederates, and the north, also known as the Union </li></ul><ul><li>Fort Sumter Battle, South Carolina, 1861, Victory goes to south </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Bull Run Battle, Virginia, 1862, victory goes to south </li></ul><ul><li>Fort Henry and Fort Donelson Battle, Tennessee, 1862, victory goes to north </li></ul><ul><li>Shiloh Battle, Mississippi, 1862, battle was a draw </li></ul><ul><li>Ironclads-Monitor and Merrimac Battle, Virginia, 1862, battle was a draw </li></ul><ul><li>Peninsula Campaign battle, Virginia, 1862, Confederates win </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Bull run battle, Virginia, 1862, Confederates get victory </li></ul><ul><li>Antietam Battle, Maryland, 1862, the battle was draw, but the Union was considered victorious </li></ul>
  12. 12. Civil War Battles Continued <ul><li>Fredericksburg battle, Virginia, 1862, Confederates get victory </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellorsville Battle, Virginia, 1863, Confederates win </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg Battle, Pennsylvania, 1863, Victory goes to the Union </li></ul><ul><li>Vicksburg Battle, Mississippi, 1863, victory goes to the north </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman’s March to the sea Battle, Georgia, 1864-1865 Union gets victory </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;Lincoln Papers: Lincoln Assassination: Introduction.&quot; American Memory from the Library of Congress - Home Page . Web. 07 Mar. 2010.<http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln Assassination . Photograph. Topic Sites. The Abraham Lincoln Assassination . Web. 7 Mar. 2010. <http://www.topicsites.com/abraham-incoln/assassination.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Hickman, Kennedy. &quot;CSS Alabama - Weapons of the American Civil War - CSS Alabama and Civil War Navies - Confederate Raider CSS Alabama.&quot; Military History - Warfare through the Ages - Battles and Conflicts - Weapons of War - Military Leaders in History . Web. 07 Mar. 2010. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/smallarms/ig/Civil-War- Weapons-Gallery/CSS-Alabama.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Williams, T. Harry. The Union Sundered. Ed. Life. Canada: C. D. Jackson, 1963. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Abolitiionism” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web 10 Mar. 2010 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abolitionism> </li></ul>