West Africa Landfall and The Four
Climates.
• Sahara – Northern part.
• Sahel – Dry grassland.
  Little rain. Over grazing...
Niger River.

   2,600 miles long.
    Ends, Gulf of Guinea.
    Forms inland delta in
    Sahel.
   Half of Nigeria's
 ...
West Africa’s Resources.

    Gold.
    Iron.
    Diamonds.
    Oil. (95% of
     Nigeria’s export.)
History W. Africa. Slave Trade.
• 1400’s Portuguese trade
  for gold in the Gold
  Coast.
• 1600’s demand for labor
  in A...
Challenges in W Africa for new
                nations.
   Borders.
   Education to run
    government.
   Dictators, c...
Sahel Countries. Mauritania


   100% Muslim.
   Speak Arabic.
   Expanding Sahara has
    forced many into
    cities....
Sahel Countries. Mali and Niger




   Landlocked.
   80% fish or farm along the river.
   Cotton main export.
   Mala...
Sahel Countries. Chad and Burkina
Faso

   World’s poorest.
   Lake Chad shrinking.
    Now 1/3 size.
   Civil War.
  ...
The Coastal Countries.
Nigeria – largest. 113
million. (Africa’s
largest.)
Oil off coast. 95%
export.
High birth rate.
Bad...
Senegal and Gambia.
• Senegal – (French.)
• Gambia – (British.)
• Odd boarder.
• Dakar – capital.
•  Important seaport
  a...
Liberia.
   Monrovia. (President
    Monroe.
   Freed American slaves
    sent there. Clash with
    Africans living the...
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West Africa

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West Africa

  1. 1. West Africa Landfall and The Four Climates. • Sahara – Northern part. • Sahel – Dry grassland. Little rain. Over grazing by animals. Cutting down trees. Wind blow away fertile soil. Sahara expands southward. • Savanna – South. Good farming. Tsetes fly. • Coast and forest – plentiful rain. Rain forest.
  2. 2. Niger River.  2,600 miles long. Ends, Gulf of Guinea. Forms inland delta in Sahel.  Half of Nigeria's coastline delta.
  3. 3. West Africa’s Resources.  Gold.  Iron.  Diamonds.  Oil. (95% of Nigeria’s export.)
  4. 4. History W. Africa. Slave Trade. • 1400’s Portuguese trade for gold in the Gold Coast. • 1600’s demand for labor in Americas – slavery. • 1800’s European countries control W. Africa. • After W.W.II countries begin to fight for freedom.
  5. 5. Challenges in W Africa for new nations.  Borders.  Education to run government.  Dictators, civil wars, military rule.  High birthrate. Small amount of fertile land.
  6. 6. Sahel Countries. Mauritania  100% Muslim.  Speak Arabic.  Expanding Sahara has forced many into cities.  People very poor.
  7. 7. Sahel Countries. Mali and Niger  Landlocked.  80% fish or farm along the river.  Cotton main export.  Malaria – kills children.  Niger – 3% of land can be farmed.  Expanding Sahara.
  8. 8. Sahel Countries. Chad and Burkina Faso  World’s poorest.  Lake Chad shrinking. Now 1/3 size.  Civil War.  Burkina Faso – Has nothing.
  9. 9. The Coastal Countries. Nigeria – largest. 113 million. (Africa’s largest.) Oil off coast. 95% export. High birth rate. Bad government.
  10. 10. Senegal and Gambia. • Senegal – (French.) • Gambia – (British.) • Odd boarder. • Dakar – capital. • Important seaport and manufacturing center. • Important crop. Peanuts
  11. 11. Liberia.  Monrovia. (President Monroe.  Freed American slaves sent there. Clash with Africans living there.  1980’s civil war. Economy still wrecked.  Rubber and iron.  Sierra Leone – Civil war.  Sierra Leone exports Diamonds.

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