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West Africa
 

West Africa

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    West Africa West Africa Presentation Transcript

    • West Africa Landfall and The Four Climates. • Sahara – Northern part. • Sahel – Dry grassland. Little rain. Over grazing by animals. Cutting down trees. Wind blow away fertile soil. Sahara expands southward. • Savanna – South. Good farming. Tsetes fly. • Coast and forest – plentiful rain. Rain forest.
    • Niger River.  2,600 miles long. Ends, Gulf of Guinea. Forms inland delta in Sahel.  Half of Nigeria's coastline delta.
    • West Africa’s Resources.  Gold.  Iron.  Diamonds.  Oil. (95% of Nigeria’s export.)
    • History W. Africa. Slave Trade. • 1400’s Portuguese trade for gold in the Gold Coast. • 1600’s demand for labor in Americas – slavery. • 1800’s European countries control W. Africa. • After W.W.II countries begin to fight for freedom.
    • Challenges in W Africa for new nations.  Borders.  Education to run government.  Dictators, civil wars, military rule.  High birthrate. Small amount of fertile land.
    • Sahel Countries. Mauritania  100% Muslim.  Speak Arabic.  Expanding Sahara has forced many into cities.  People very poor.
    • Sahel Countries. Mali and Niger  Landlocked.  80% fish or farm along the river.  Cotton main export.  Malaria – kills children.  Niger – 3% of land can be farmed.  Expanding Sahara.
    • Sahel Countries. Chad and Burkina Faso  World’s poorest.  Lake Chad shrinking. Now 1/3 size.  Civil War.  Burkina Faso – Has nothing.
    • The Coastal Countries. Nigeria – largest. 113 million. (Africa’s largest.) Oil off coast. 95% export. High birth rate. Bad government.
    • Senegal and Gambia. • Senegal – (French.) • Gambia – (British.) • Odd boarder. • Dakar – capital. • Important seaport and manufacturing center. • Important crop. Peanuts
    • Liberia.  Monrovia. (President Monroe.  Freed American slaves sent there. Clash with Africans living there.  1980’s civil war. Economy still wrecked.  Rubber and iron.  Sierra Leone – Civil war.  Sierra Leone exports Diamonds.