The Republic of the Sudan


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All you want to know about Sudan
Historical information.
People and culture
Tourism and heritage
Natural resources

The Republic of the Sudan

  1. 1. Republic of the Sudan By: Izzeldin Fadl Adam; MPH, PhD ca. Tokyo Medical and Dental University
  2. 2. Content of presentation • Geography • Historical information. • People and culture • Tourism and heritage • Natural resources • Economics • Educations
  3. 3. Sudan Geography Location: North East Africa • Its neighbors are Chad and the Central African Republic on the west, Egypt and Libya on the north, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and the Red Sea on the east, and South Sudan on the south. • Area : 1, 881,000 square km reduced by 25% after separation of South.
  4. 4. Cessation of South Sudan • On 9th July 2011 South Sudan ceded from Sudan as a result of Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which ended one of longest African war. • This event let the country to loose many competitive advantages including petrol fields. • The area is 25% of former Sudan.
  5. 5. Khartoum is the capital • Located in the heart of Sudan at the conjunction of Blue and White Nile. • The state of Khartoum populated with around 5 million. • The center of politics, economics, industry, and commercial activities in the country.
  6. 6. Sudan history • The Nubian Kingdom in North Sudan had witnessed the most ancient civilization in the history of human being (Kush) 2500 B. C. • Followed by Nabata and Marawe civilizations. • The latest occupation in Sudan was Anglo-Egyptian ended in 1956 when the country achieved its independence.
  7. 7. Sudan peoples Population: 37.20 Million • Sudanese race mixed from indigenous Africans and Arab. • There are more than 500 tribes. • Arabic, the official language, while English is widely used as a second language. • There are more than 139 dialects. • Majority are Muslims (97%) of totals.
  8. 8. Cultural aspects • Sudanese have special social life flourished with popular dance; songs and music; folklore and heritage. • All those expression mechanisms would be practiced in a certain ceremonies of marriages; harvesting seasons; and voluntary contributions to confront crises.
  9. 9. Tourisms • Sudan has advantage of several sightseeing; mountains; forest and wild animals; archeological tourism; national museums; waterfalls and scuba diving.
  10. 10. Sudanese songs and music • Sudan has a rich music that reflects the diverse cultures of the country, ranging from folk musical instruments of traditional and popular songs to modern musical style. • Sudanese songs have significant influence on the people of neighboring countries in East and West Africa.
  11. 11. Education • Sudan has 88 governmental and private University and specialized faculty. • University of Khartoum is the most recognized university in African, was established in 1902.
  12. 12. industries • The main industries of Sudan are, in order from largest to smaller: oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, and automobile/light truck assembly
  13. 13. Oil production and mining The country produces oil; natural gas; gold and different types of metals.
  14. 14. cash crops • The country produces many cash crops, for instance; cotton, groundnut, gum, wheat, maize, sunflower, and pub-corn.
  15. 15. Agriculture and irrigation • The country has some of African’s great damps such as Alrusairis and Marawe for irrigation of agricultural schemes such as Algazeira; and generation of electricity.
  16. 16. Agricultural products • Since the country has divers weather and large land, there are numerous productions of fruits; vegetables; legumes; and cereals
  17. 17. Livestock The availability of large natural pastures and seasonal rains in Savannah created optimal environment for several livestock, which produce milk and meat for domestic consumption and exportation for neighboring countries.
  18. 18. Charming Cities Pic. Khartoum. Sudan Pic. Nyala. Western Sudan Pic. Port-Sudan. Sudan Pic. Kasala. Eastern Sudan
  19. 19. Water ports • Port-Sudan is the main sea port at the Read Sea followed by Sawakin and Bashaier, while Kosti is the main river port Pic. Kosti. Sudan Pic. Port-Sudan. Sudan Pic. Port-Sudan. Sudan
  20. 20. sport • The National football team won the 1970 Africa Cup of Nations . • Al-Hillal and El-Mariekh clubs have frequant participation in the finals of African champions league • Athletics scored significant achievements
  21. 21. Relationship with Japan • Sudan has long history of diplomatic relationship with Sudan reflected in different cooperation fields for social and economic development.
  22. 22. Some pictures in Sudan Pic. North Kurdufan. SudanPic. Hantoub. Sudan Pic. Kasala. West Sudan Pic. Kadugli. Sudan
  23. 23. Beside this bright pictures War between Margins and Center Economic difficulties Low Human Development Index
  24. 24. Now please let me introduce live picture in this short video
  25. 25. We are opened on all cultures and nations
  26. 26. Pic. South Kurdufan. Sudan Izzeldin Fadl Adam; MPH, PhD candidate. Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Dep. International Health
  27. 27. Pic. Badin Island. North Sudan
  28. 28. Horse racing Pic. Western Sudan
  29. 29. Red Sea
  30. 30. Kasala Mountains Pic. Kasala. East Sudan
  31. 31. Dindir National Park
  32. 32. Gabal Marah Hills
  33. 33. Pic. Kasala. East Sudan