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African cultures


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This presentation will give you information about Historical overview of african Peoples African arts and crafts Folklore and religion Clothing and CuisineAfrican music and there Languages find more

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African cultures

  1. 1. AfricanCulture
  2. 2. African culture• Historical overview• People• African arts and crafts• Folklore and religion• Clothing• Cuisine• African music• Languages
  3. 3. Culture of AfricaThe culture of Africa encompasses and includes allcultures within the continent of Africa. There is apolitical or racial split between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa, which is in turn divided into a greatnumber of ethnic cultures.
  4. 4. Historical overviewDuring colonialism in Africa, Europeans possessed attitudes of superiority anda sense of mission. The French were able to accept an African as French if thatperson gave up their African culture and adopted French ways. Knowledge ofthe Portuguese language and culture and abandonment of traditional Africanways defined one as civilized.Kenyan social commentator Mwiti Mugambi pragmatically argues that thefuture of Africa can only be forged from accepting and mending thesociocultural present. For Mugambi, colonial cultural hangovers, pervasiveWestern cultural inundation, and aid-giving arm-twisting donors are, heargues, here to stay and no amount of looking into Africas past will make themgo away. However, Maulana Karenga states
  5. 5. People of AfricaAfrica is home to innumerable tribes, ethnic and social groups, somerepresenting very large populations consisting of millions of people, others aresmaller groups of a few thousand. Some countries have over 20 different ethnicgroups, and also are greatly diverse in beliefs. From:
  6. 6. African arts and craftsAfrica has a rich tradition of arts and crafts. African arts and crafts find expression in avariety of woodcarvings, brass and leather art works. African arts and crafts also includesculpture, paintings, pottery, ceremonial and religious headgear and dress. Maulana Karengastates that in African art, the object was not as important as the soul force behind thecreation of the object. He also states that All art must be revolutionary and in beingrevolutionary it must be collective, committing, and functional, this is echoed by Shahadahwho states "in Africa all art is socially functional from:
  7. 7. Folklore and religionLike all human cultures, African folklore and religion represents a variety of social facets ofAfrican culture . Like almost all civilizations and cultures, flood myths have been circulatingin different parts of Africa. Culture and religion share space and are deeply intertwined inAfrican cultures. In Ethiopia, Christianity and Islam form the core aspects of Ethiopianculture and inform dietary customs as well as rituals and rites. According to a Pygmymyth, Chameleon, hearing a strange noise in a tree, cut open its trunk and water came out ina great flood that spread all over the land.from:
  8. 8. Clothing• Traditional male clothing is usually light, consisting of a two-part apron to cover thegenitals and buttocks. The front piece is called the umutsha and is usually made ofspringbok or other animal hide twisted into different bands which cover the genitals. Therear piece, called the ibheshu is made of a single piece of springbok or cattle hide, and itslength is usually used as an indicator of age and social position; longer amabheshu areworn by older men. Married men will usually also wear a headband, called the umqhelewhich is usually also made of springbok hide, or leopard hide by men of higher socialstatus, such as chiefs. Zulu men will also wear cow tails as bracelets and anklets calledimishokobezi during ceremonies and rituals, such as weddings or dances.• From
  9. 9. CuisineAfrica is a huge continent and the food and drink of Africa reflect localinfluences, as also glimpses of colonial food traditions, including use of foodproducts like peppers, groundnuts and maize introduced by the colonizers. TheAfrican cuisine is a combination of traditional fruits and vegetables, milk, andmeat products. The African village diet is often milk, curds and whey. Exoticgame and fish are gathered from Africas vastarea.from:
  10. 10. African musicModern Sub-Saharan African music has been influence by music from the NewWorld (Jazz, Salsa, Rhythm and Blues etc.). Popular styles include Mbalax inSenegal and Gambia, Highlife in Ghana, Zoblazo in Côte dIvoire, Makossa inCameroon, Soukous in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kizomba inAngola, and Mbaqanga in South Africa. New World styles likeSalsa, R&B/Rap, Reggae, and Zouk also have widespread popularity. From
  11. 11. Languages• The main ethno-linguistic divisions are Afro-Asiatic (North Africa, Horn of Africa), Niger–Congo (including speakers from the Bantu branch) in most of Sub-Saharan Africa, Nilo-Saharan in parts of the Sahara and the Sahel and parts of Eastern Africa, and Khoisan(indigenous minorities of Southern Africa).The continent of Africa speaks hundreds oflanguages, and if dialects spoken by various ethnic groups are also included, the number ismuch higher. These languages and dialects do not have the same importance: some arespoken by only few hundred persons, others are spoken by millions. Among the mostprominent languages spoken are Arabic, Swahili and Hausa. Very few countries of Africause any single language and for this reason several official languages coexist, African andEuropean. Some Africans speak various European languages such asEnglish, Spanish, French, and Dutch
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  13. 13. • Ghana live TV• Phone: +408-934-9349• Fax: +408-941-9495• E-mail:• Facebook:• Twitter:@GhanaliveTwitt