Aim: How was feudalism inJapan similar/different tofeudalism in Europe? Do Now: For review, create a definition for feudalism and explain why a system of feudalism might develop
Aim: How was feudalism inJapan similar/different tofeudalism in Europe? (Day 2) Do Now: Take your handout out from yesterday! On your assignment sheet, add to homework Friday night: Study for your quiz on Monday.
Geography: Japan, a Land ApartJapan is located on an archipelago, or chain of islands off theAsian mainland. Its four main islands lie off the east coast ofthe Korean peninsula.Japan is about the size of Montana, but four fifths of its land istoo mountainous to farm. As a result, most people settled inNarrow river valleys and along the coastal plains. A mild climate and sufficient rainfall, however, helped Japanese farmers make the most of the limited arable land. As in ancient Greece, the mountainous terrain at first was an obstacle to unity. The surrounding seas have both protected and isolated Japan. Unlike Korea, Japan was too far away for China to conquer, and Japanese thus had greater freedom to accept or reject Chinese influences.
Japan’s Feudal SocietyEmperors served as a figurehead Popes and the Church held much but held no political power political power Shogun Monarch Lords Daimyo (Vassals) Samurai Knights Peasants Peasants Artisans Serfs Merchants Japan’s Feudal Pyramid Europe’s Feudal Pyramid
Japan’s Feudal SocietyIn Theory, the emperor headed Japanese society. In fact, he was apowerless, though revered, figurehead. Real power lay in the hands of theshogun, or supreme military commander. Yoritomo Minamoto wasappointed shogun in 1192. He set up the Kamakura shogunate, the first of three military dynasties that ruled Japan for almost 700 years.Often the shogun controlled only a small part of Japan. He distributedlands to vassal lords who agreed to support him with their armies in time of need. These great warrior lords were later called daimyo. They, in turn, granted land to lesser warriors called samurai meaning “those who serve. Samurai were the fighting aristocracy of a war-torn land. At the bottom of the social period were the peasants, artisans, and at the very bottom, merchants.
The Code of Bushido The Code of Bushido The Code of Chivalry Code which conducted the way of life for Code which conducted the way of life for Samurai Knights Means “The way of the warrior.” Required knights to be brave, loyal, and true Emphasized honor, bravery, and absolute to their word. In warfare, they had to fight fairly and be loyalty to one’s lord generous to their enemies for example, they Taught samurai not to fear death: “If you would not attack another knight before he had a chance to put on his armor and think of saving your life,” it was said, prepare for battle. “you had better not go to war at all” Chivalry raised women to a new status A samurai who as the code called for women to betrayed the code of be protected and cherished bushido was expected to commit seppuku, or ritual suicide, rather than live without honor
The Role of Women in Japanese Feudal Society During the Age of the samurai, the position of women declined steadily. At first, some women in feudal society trained in the military arts or supervised their family’s estates. A few even became legendary warriors. As fighting increased, though, inheritance was limited to sons.Unlike the European ideal of chivalry, though, the samuraicode did not set women on a pedestal. Instead, the wife of awarrior had to accept the same hardships as her husband andowed the same loyalty to his overlord
Religions of Feudal Japan Early Japanese society was divided into uji, or clans. Each uji had its own chief and special god or goddess, called kami, who was seen as the clan’s original ancestor. Kami were generally nature spirits. This worship of the forces of nature became known as Shintoism, meaning “way of the gods.” This idea was similar to the African beliefs of Animism which also believed that everything in nature had a spirit. Although Shintoism never evolved into an international religion, its traditions survive to the present day.During Japan’s feudal age, a Buddhist sect from China wonwidespread acceptance among samurai. Known in Japan asZen, it emphasized meditation and devotion to duty. ZenBuddhists believed that people could siik enlightenment, not onlythrough meditation, but through precise performance of everydaytasks. Zen reverence for nature also influenced the developmentof fine landscape paintings.
Close: 1) Explain 2 ways Japanese and European feudalism were similar. 2) Explain 2 ways they were different