Migration• Do you think this article is opinion of fact or a bit of both?• What reason does the article give for people leaving NZ?• What reasons does the article give for a decline in our net migration?
Population Distribution• Measured in number of people per square km (km2) area divided by the number of people.• New Zealands average population density is about 15 people per square km• People spread very unevenly across the country• Most people live near urban areas• 76% live in the North Island• 52% live in Northland, Auckland, Waikato, and the Bay of Plenty• 87% live in cities and towns• One third live in Auckland
On the world map mark in New Zealand mark thefollowing:• Equator• Tropic Cancer• Tropic Capricorn• 3 countries with a less average population than New Zealand (annotate the actual population density)• 3 countries with a greater average population density than New Zealand (annotate the actual population density)
Reasons for Population distribution• Cultural Resources – their economic and social needs, especially need to earn and spend money• Natural Resources – the physical environment and it’s landforms, climates, waterways, natural vegetation and soilsActivityRead through pages 9-13 and answer the following questions:1. What are the natural factors that influence population distribution?. Include the difference between early Maori and Europeans. Give specific examples2. What cultural factors influence population distribution? Again include Maori/European specific examples.3. Copy the map on page 10 and add in the annotations.
Aspects are selected from:• natural and cultural characteristics (features) ofthe environments that make them vulnerable to theextreme natural event(s)• natural processes that operate to produce theextreme natural event(s)• effects of the extreme natural event(s) on thenatural environments• effects of the extreme natural event(s) on thecultural environments• how different groups of people have respondedto the effects of the extreme natural event(s).
Assessment will include a selection of the followingpopulation concepts:• population distribution: how and why populationis spread across the landscape• population diversity: composition of thepopulation including – ethnicity, age, sex• migration and mobility of a population includingboth external and internal migration trends• population change over time including:population totals, age-sex structure, natural increase• population sustainability: capacity of theenvironment to support a population in the longerterm.
Look at the population distribution map of NewZealand you drew and compare this to the mapson page 11.• Write a paragraph which describes how New Zealands population is distributed. You will need to include references to relief and climate features.
Short Essay• Discuss the factors that influence the distribution of the population in a country you have studied this year. Give specific examples