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Disaster PreparednessCERT Basic TrainingUnit 1
Setting the Stage1-2CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
Course Preview● Fire safety● Disaster medical operations● Light search and rescue● CERT organization● Disaster psychology●...
Unit Objectives● Identify roles and responsibilities forcommunity preparedness● Describe types of hazards that affectcommu...
Community Preparedness: Roles andResponsibilities● Key priority in lessening the impact ofdisasters● Critical that all com...
Government● Government has responsibility to: Develop, test, and refine emergency plans Ensure emergency responders have...
Emergency Operations Plan● Assigns responsibility to organizations andindividuals● Sets forth lines of authority● Describe...
Community Leaders● Have a responsibility to participate incommunity preparedness Participate on local collaborative plann...
The Public● Learn about community alerts, warnings,and evacuation routes● Take training● Practice skills and personal plan...
Engaging the Whole Community● Goal of Citizen Corps is to makecommunities safer, more prepared, andmore resilient● Citizen...
Types of Disaster● Natural● Technological● Intentional1-11CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
Key Disaster Elements● They are relativelyunexpected● Emergency personnelmay be overwhelmed● Lives, health, and theenviron...
Local Hazard Vulnerability● Identify most common disasters that occur● Identify possible hazards with most severeimpact● C...
Results of Damage to Infrastructure● Police: address incidences of grave publicsafety● Firefighters: suppress major fires●...
Hazards Related to Structure Type● You may not have opportunity to selecttype of structure when a disaster occurs● Enginee...
Hazards from Home Fixtures● Gas line ruptures Displaced water heaters or ranges● Damage From falling books, dishes, othe...
Home and Workplace Preparedness1-17CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
Preparing for a Disaster● Know local hazards, alerts, warningsystems, evacuation routes, andsheltering plans● Consider imp...
Protective Actions● Assess situation● Decide to stay or change locations Critical early decision in disasters● Seek clean...
Sheltering● Shelter in place: sealinga room Identify internal room Stay for several hours Store supplies● Shelter for e...
Develop a Disaster Plan● Where will you meetfamily members?● Who is your out-of-State“check-in” contact?● Will you have an...
Escape Planning● Consider needs of children and individualswith disabilities● Inform all family members or officecoworkers...
Preparing for a Disaster● Mitigation is the reduction of loss of lifeand property by lessening the impact ofdisasters Any...
Non-structural Hazard Mitigation● Anchor heavy furniture● Secure appliances and office equipment● Install hurricane storm ...
Other Mitigation Measures● Bolt houses to foundations● Install trusses or hurricane straps toreinforce roof● Strap propane...
Fortifying Your Home● Different non-structural hazards tofortify against: Home fires Landslides ormudslides Wildfires1-...
Get Involved● Preparednessrequires activeparticipation from all Talk to friends andfamily about hazards Ask about emerge...
CERT Disaster Response● Respond in periodimmediately after adisaster● Assist emergencyresponse personnelwhen requested● CE...
CERT Organization1-29CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
Personal Protective Equipment● Helmet● Goggles● N95 Mask● Gloves (workand non-latex)● Sturdy shoes orwork boots1-30CERT Ba...
CERT in Action1-31CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
Non-Disaster Roles● Identify and aidneighbors/coworkers whomight need assistance● Distribute preparednessmaterials; do dem...
Protection for Disaster Workers● CERT members generally protected by: “Good Samaritan” laws Volunteer Protection Actof 1...
Additional Training for CERTs● Advanced first aid● Animal issues indisasters● Automated ExternalDefibrillator (AED)use● Co...
Unit Summary● You should now be able to: Identify roles and responsibilities forcommunity preparedness Describe types of...
1-361. Review detailed information for Unit 12. Read unit to be covered in next session3. Bring necessary supplies and wea...
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Cert unit1 jan2011

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Transcript of "Cert unit1 jan2011"

  1. 1. Disaster PreparednessCERT Basic TrainingUnit 1
  2. 2. Setting the Stage1-2CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  3. 3. Course Preview● Fire safety● Disaster medical operations● Light search and rescue● CERT organization● Disaster psychology● CERT and terrorism1-3CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  4. 4. Unit Objectives● Identify roles and responsibilities forcommunity preparedness● Describe types of hazards that affectcommunity, people, health, andinfrastructure● Undertake personal and organizationalpreparedness actions● Describe functions of CERTs1-4CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  5. 5. Community Preparedness: Roles andResponsibilities● Key priority in lessening the impact ofdisasters● Critical that all community members takesteps to prepare● Effective when addresses uniqueattributes of community and engageswhole community1-5CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  6. 6. Government● Government has responsibility to: Develop, test, and refine emergency plans Ensure emergency responders haveadequate skills and resources Provide services to protect and assist citizens1-6CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  7. 7. Emergency Operations Plan● Assigns responsibility to organizations andindividuals● Sets forth lines of authority● Describes how people and property will beprotected● Identifies personnel, equipment, facilities,supplies, and other resources1-7CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  8. 8. Community Leaders● Have a responsibility to participate incommunity preparedness Participate on local collaborative planningcouncil Identify and integrate appropriate resourcesinto government plans Ensure that facilities, staff, and customersserved are prepared1-8CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  9. 9. The Public● Learn about community alerts, warnings,and evacuation routes● Take training● Practice skills and personal plans● Network and help others● Give feedback to community● Report suspicious activity● Volunteer1-9CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  10. 10. Engaging the Whole Community● Goal of Citizen Corps is to makecommunities safer, more prepared, andmore resilient● Citizen Corps Councils bring governmentand community leaders together● Councils ensure emergency plans moreeffectively reflect the community1-10CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  11. 11. Types of Disaster● Natural● Technological● Intentional1-11CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  12. 12. Key Disaster Elements● They are relativelyunexpected● Emergency personnelmay be overwhelmed● Lives, health, and theenvironment areendangered1-12CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  13. 13. Local Hazard Vulnerability● Identify most common disasters that occur● Identify possible hazards with most severeimpact● Consider recent or historical impacts● Identify susceptible locations in thecommunity for specific hazards● Consider what to expect from disruption ofservices1-13CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  14. 14. Results of Damage to Infrastructure● Police: address incidences of grave publicsafety● Firefighters: suppress major fires● EMS personnel: handle life-threateninginjuries● Lower priority needs met in other ways1-14CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  15. 15. Hazards Related to Structure Type● You may not have opportunity to selecttype of structure when a disaster occurs● Engineered buildings have performed wellin most types of disasters● Types of damage vary by structure● Differences in hazards and mitigationbetween single-family homes and multiple-unit dwellings1-15CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  16. 16. Hazards from Home Fixtures● Gas line ruptures Displaced water heaters or ranges● Damage From falling books, dishes, other cabinet contents● Electric shock or injury From displaced appliances, office equipment● Fire From faulty wiring, overloaded plugs, or frayedelectric cords1-16CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  17. 17. Home and Workplace Preparedness1-17CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  18. 18. Preparing for a Disaster● Know local hazards, alerts, warningsystems, evacuation routes, andsheltering plans● Consider important elements of disasterpreparedness● Address specific needs for yourself andpeople you know1-18CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  19. 19. Protective Actions● Assess situation● Decide to stay or change locations Critical early decision in disasters● Seek clean air and protect breathingpassages● Protect from debris and signal if trapped● Remove contaminants● Practice good hygiene1-19CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  20. 20. Sheltering● Shelter in place: sealinga room Identify internal room Stay for several hours Store supplies● Shelter for extendedstay Stay for several days orup to 2 weeks Store emergency supplies● Mass care orcommunity shelter Take 3-day disasterkits Shelters providemost supplies1-20CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  21. 21. Develop a Disaster Plan● Where will you meetfamily members?● Who is your out-of-State“check-in” contact?● Will you have anextended stay? Shelter inplace? Evacuate?● How will you escape yourhome? Workplace?School? Place ofworship?● What route (and severalalternates) will you use toevacuate yourneighborhood?● Do you havetransportation?● Did you practice yourplan?1-21CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  22. 22. Escape Planning● Consider needs of children and individualswith disabilities● Inform all family members or officecoworkers of the plan● Run practice escape drills1-22CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  23. 23. Preparing for a Disaster● Mitigation is the reduction of loss of lifeand property by lessening the impact ofdisasters Any activity that prevents an emergency orreduces effects of hazards● CERT members should have adequatehomeowners coverage Add flood insurance if in a flood hazard area1-23CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  24. 24. Non-structural Hazard Mitigation● Anchor heavy furniture● Secure appliances and office equipment● Install hurricane storm shutters● Childproof cabinet doors● Locate and label gas, electricity, and watershutoffs● Secure water heaters and have flexiblegas lines installed1-24CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  25. 25. Other Mitigation Measures● Bolt houses to foundations● Install trusses or hurricane straps toreinforce roof● Strap propane tanks and chimneys● Strap mobile homes to their slabs● Raise utilities● Build a safe room1-25CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  26. 26. Fortifying Your Home● Different non-structural hazards tofortify against: Home fires Landslides ormudslides Wildfires1-26CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  27. 27. Get Involved● Preparednessrequires activeparticipation from all Talk to friends andfamily about hazards Ask about emergencyplanning outside thehome Make sure those incharge have a plan● Training provides skillsneeded to help othersand keep skills current CERT program providestraining, practice, andconnection to others Participate in drills andexercises Talk to friends andfamily aboutvolunteering1-27CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  28. 28. CERT Disaster Response● Respond in periodimmediately after adisaster● Assist emergencyresponse personnelwhen requested● CERT members’ firstresponsibility ispersonal and familysafety● Respond after adisaster: Locate and turn offutilities, if safe Extinguish small fires Treat injuries Conduct light searchand rescue Help to relieve survivorstress1-28CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  29. 29. CERT Organization1-29CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  30. 30. Personal Protective Equipment● Helmet● Goggles● N95 Mask● Gloves (workand non-latex)● Sturdy shoes orwork boots1-30CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  31. 31. CERT in Action1-31CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  32. 32. Non-Disaster Roles● Identify and aidneighbors/coworkers whomight need assistance● Distribute preparednessmaterials; do demos● Staff first aid booths atspecial events● Assist with installation ofsmoke alarms● Parade routemanagement1-32CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  33. 33. Protection for Disaster Workers● CERT members generally protected by: “Good Samaritan” laws Volunteer Protection Actof 1997 Relevant State statutes1-33CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  34. 34. Additional Training for CERTs● Advanced first aid● Animal issues indisasters● Automated ExternalDefibrillator (AED)use● Community relations● CPR skills● Debris removal● Donationsmanagement● Shelter management● Special needsconcerns● Traffic/crowd control● Utilities control● Online courses1-34CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  35. 35. Unit Summary● You should now be able to: Identify roles and responsibilities forcommunity preparedness Describe types of hazards that affectcommunity, people, health, andinfrastructure Undertake personal and organizationalpreparedness actions Describe functions of CERTs1-35CERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
  36. 36. 1-361. Review detailed information for Unit 12. Read unit to be covered in next session3. Bring necessary supplies and wearappropriate clothes for next session4. Discuss preparedness with family andfriends5. Assemble supplies in multiple locations6. Examine homes for hazardsHomework AssignmentCERT Basic TrainingUnit 1: Disaster Preparedness
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