Cert unit2 jan2011

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Cert unit2 jan2011

  1. 1. Fire Safety and Utility ControlsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 2
  2. 2. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-2Unit Objectives● Explain role of CERTs in fire safety● Identify and reduce potential fire and utility risks● Describe CERT sizeup process● Conduct basic sizeup for a fire emergency● Explain basic safety precautions● Identify hazardous materials● Extinguish small fires using a fire extinguisher
  3. 3. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-3Unit Topics● Fire chemistry● Fire and utility hazards in the home,workplace, and neighborhood● CERT sizeup● Fire sizeup considerations● Firefighting resources● Fire suppression safety● Hazardous materials
  4. 4. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-4Role of CERTs● CERTs play very important role in firesafety by: Extinguishing small fires Preventing additional fires by removing fuelsources Shutting off utilities Assisting with evacuations, when necessary
  5. 5. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-5CERT Priorities● Help in emergencies before professionalresponders arrive● Rescuer safety is number one priority Always work with a buddy Always wear safety equipmentCERT Goal:Do the greatest good forthe greatest number
  6. 6. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-6The Fire Triangle● Heat● Fuel● Oxygen
  7. 7. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-75 Classes of Fire● A: Ordinary combustibles● B: Flammable and combustible liquids● C: Energized electrical equipment● D: Combustible metals● K: Cooking oils
  8. 8. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-8Reducing Electrical Hazards● Avoid the “electricaloctopus”● Don’t run cordsunder carpets● Check for andreplace broken orfrayed cords● Maintain appliances
  9. 9. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-9Electrical Emergencies● Know where power shutoffs are for: Appliances Circuit breakers Fuses● Post shutoff directions next to all utilities● Know procedures for turning power backon
  10. 10. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-10Shutoff Procedures● Fuse box with shutoff● Circuit box with shutoff
  11. 11. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-11Natural Gas Hazards● Asphyxiant Robs body of oxygen● Explosive Can easily ignite
  12. 12. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-12Natural Gas Hazard Awareness● Install natural gas detector● Install carbon monoxide detector in home● Test batteries for natural gas and carbonmonoxide detectors every month Change batteries every 6 months● Locate and label gas shutoffs Have proper non-sparking tool
  13. 13. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-13Gas Shutoff● Locate and labelgas shutoff valves● If not automatic,know proceduresfor shutting off gas
  14. 14. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-14L.I.E.S.● Always read labels● Use L.I.E.S. storage procedures (Limit,Isolate, Eliminate, Separate)
  15. 15. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-15CERT Sizeup1. Gather Facts2. Assess Damage3. Consider Probabilities4. Assess Your Situation5. Establish Priorities6. Make Decisions7. Develop Plan of Action8. Take Action9. Evaluate ProgressREMEMBER:CERT SIZEUP IS ACONTINUALPROCESS
  16. 16. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-16CERT Fire Sizeup● Helps responders decide: Whether to attempt to suppress a fire A plan of action● Answers these questions: Do my buddy and I have the right equipment? Are there other hazards? Is the building structurally damaged? Can my buddy and I escape? Can my buddy and I fight the fire safely?Remember: The safety of individualCERT members is always the top priority
  17. 17. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-17Firefighting Resources● Portable fire extinguishers● Wet standpipes● Confinement● “Creative” resources
  18. 18. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-18Fire Extinguishers● Water● Dry chemical● Carbon dioxide● Specialized fire extinguisher
  19. 19. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-19Extinguisher Rating/Labeling● Labels show types of fires thatextinguisher is used for: Class A fire ratings: 1A to 40A Class B fire ratings: 1B to 640B● Higher number on label = greater amountof extinguishing agent
  20. 20. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-20Examples of Labels
  21. 21. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-21P.A.S.S.PULLAIMSQUEEZESWEEPTest the extinguisher after pulling the pin
  22. 22. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-22Interior Wet Standpipes● Usually incommercialbuildings orapartments● Work in two-person teamswhen using wetstandpipes
  23. 23. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-23Fire Suppression SafetySafety of individual CERT members is top priority
  24. 24. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-24Fire Suppression Don’ts● Don’t get too close● Don’t try to fight a fire alone● Don’t try tosuppresslarge fires● Don’t entersmoke-filledareas
  25. 25. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-25Hazardous Materials● Corrode other materials● Explode or are easily ignited● React strongly with water● Are unstable when exposed to heat orshock● Are otherwise toxic to humans, animals, orthe environment through absorption,inhalation, injection, or ingestion
  26. 26. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-26Identifying Stored Hazmats
  27. 27. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-27The White Quadrant● NFPA 704 DiamondWhite Quadrant: W: Shows unusualreactivity with water OX: Possessesoxidizing properties
  28. 28. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-28STOP!
  29. 29. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-29Hazmats in TransitOrange Red White RedRed &WhiteRed &WhiteBlue Yellow White Yellow &WhiteBlack &White
  30. 30. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-30UN and NA Placards12033NameChemical ClassSymbolChemicalNumberChemical ClassSymbol
  31. 31. CERT Basic Training Unit 2: Fire Safetyand Utility Controls2-31Greater Than 1?Remember!All hazardous material placards area stop sign for CERTs
  32. 32. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-32Unit Summary● You should know: Keys to effective fire suppression CERT sizeup and fire sizeup considerations Classes of fire and types of fire extinguishers P.A.S.S. How to identify hazardous materialsAlways follow the safety rules established forCERTs – personal safety comes first!
  33. 33. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 2: Fire Safety and Utility Controls2-33Homework Assignment1. Read unit to be covered in next session2. Bring necessary supplies to next session3. Wear appropriate clothes to next session

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