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2010 Fsp Overview W Objective Statements


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2010 Fsp Overview W Objective Statements

  1. 1. Emergency Planning under the Fire Code An Overview of Fire Safety Plans
  2. 2. So, what is fire safety planning? <ul><li>Fire safety planning has different meaning to different people in different parts of the world. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contingency planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire and life safety planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire planning </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Significance <ul><li>Key component of fire safety program. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase public awareness of fire safety. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote on-going public safety through compliance. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fire Safety Planning in Canada <ul><li>A model requirement under the National Fire Code of Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>A legal requirement under the Ontario Fire Code. </li></ul>
  5. 5. So, what exactly is a Fire Safety Plan? <ul><li>It is an official document prepared to the specific site conditions of a building and its occupants, and meeting all legal requirements under Section 2.8 of the Ontario Fire Code. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Purpose of the Fire Safety Plan <ul><li>Pre-fire Preparedness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisory staff (may include occupants) are trained in the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>emergency fire/spill procedures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fire/spill prevention measures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>alternate measures during shutdown of building fire and life safety systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>maintenance of building fire and life protection systems </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Intent Statements NFCC <ul><li>Intent 1:  To limit the probability that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency responders will not be notified of a fire emergency, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency responders will be delayed in carrying out their duties, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>designated supervisory staff will not be appointed and organized to respond to fire emergencies, and </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>instructions, including schematic diagrams, describing the type, location and operation of building fire emergency systems will not be established. </li></ul><ul><li>This is to limit the probability of delays or ineffectiveness in conducting firefighting operations, which could lead to the spread of fire, which could lead to damage to the building. </li></ul>Intent 1:  To limit the probability that:
  9. 9. Intent Statements NFCC <ul><li>Intent 2:  To limit the probability that: </li></ul><ul><li>fire hazards will not be controlled, and </li></ul><ul><li>building facilities, systems, equipment and devices will not be properly inspected or maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>This is to limit the probability of fire or the spread of fire, which could lead to damage to the building. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Objective Statements <ul><li>An objective of this Code is to limit the probability that, as a result of specific circumstances related to the building or facility, a person in or adjacent to the building or facility will be exposed to an unacceptable risk of injury because of: </li></ul>
  11. 11. Objective in Fire Safety <ul><li>Fire or explosion impacting areas beyond its point of origin </li></ul><ul><li>Fire safety systems failing to function as expected </li></ul><ul><li>Persons being delayed in or impeded from moving to a safe place during a fire emergency </li></ul>
  12. 12. Functional Statements To facilitate the timely movement of persons to a safe place in an emergency. F10 To limit the severity and effects of fire or explosion. F02 To minimize the risk of accidental ignition. F01
  13. 13. Functional Statements To notify persons, in a timely manner, of the need to take action in an emergency. F11 To notify emergency responders, in a timely manner, of the need to take action in an emergency. F13 To facilitate emergency response. F12
  14. 14. Functional Statements To minimize the risk of inadequate performance due to improper maintenance or lack of maintenance F82
  15. 15. Responsibilities <ul><li>Owner prepares & submits the plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Fire Official reviews & approves the plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Owner implements the plan and ensures on-going compliance. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Are all Fire Safe Plans the same? <ul><li>Yes and No. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes, because they have the same intent and have to meet the same objective and functional requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No, because every building and its occupants are different. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Application of the Fire Code > 100 Group F2 > 300 Group F3 > 25 Group F1 > 300 Group E > 300 Group D > 10 Group C Any number Group A or B Occupant Load Occupancy Type
  18. 18. Other applications of the Fire Code Laboratories Building and open areas with flammable or combustible liquids > 500 L in total or > 250 L of Class I liquids. Outdoor tire storage yards. Building 4 storeys or more, including basement.
  19. 19. Other applications of the Fire Code Recreation camps Building used for Developmental Services Convalescent home/children’s custodial home >3 persons sleeping Boarding, Lodging and Rooming Houses
  20. 20. Enforcement <ul><li>Penalty for </li></ul><ul><li>► not having an approved fire safety plan </li></ul><ul><li>- $20,000 for individual offender or </li></ul><ul><li>- $50,000 for corporate offender or </li></ul><ul><li>- imprisonment for not more than 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>- or both fine and imprisonment </li></ul><ul><li>► failing to implement an approved fire safety plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Offenders will be prosecuted under the Provincial Offences Act. Under certain circumstances, offenders may be held criminally responsible. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Fire Departments’ Role <ul><li>Inspect the fire safety plan during inspection. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the plan before inspecting the building. </li></ul><ul><li>Meet owner or representative to determine implementation of plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Assess plan for accuracy during inspection. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Due Diligence
  23. 24. Meaning of Due Diligence <ul><li>The level of judgment, care, prudence, determination, and activity that a person would reasonably be expected to do under particular circumstances. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Application of Due Diligence <ul><li>CCM shall take all reasonable precautions and necessary actions, under the particular circumstances, to ensure safety from the risk that a fire, if started, would seriously endanger the health and safety of any person or the quality of the natural environment for any use that can be made of it. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Exercising Due Diligence <ul><li>CCM must implement a plan to identify possible fire and life hazards and carry out the appropriate corrective actions to prevent accidents or injuries arising from these hazards. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Significance of Due Diligence <ul><li>Important as a legal defense for a person charged under occupational health and safety legislation and the Fire Protection and Prevention Act </li></ul>
  27. 28. Due Diligence Checklist <ul><li>Do you know and understand your fire safety responsibilities? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have definite procedures in place to identify and control hazards? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you integrated fire safety into all aspects of your work? </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Have you committed appropriate resources to fire safety? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you explained fire safety responsibilities to all employees and make sure that they understand it? </li></ul><ul><li>Have employees been trained to work safety and use proper protective equipment? </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>Is there a hazard reporting procedure in place that encourages employees to report all unsafe conditions and unsafe practices to their supervisors? </li></ul><ul><li>Are managers, supervisors, and volunteers held accountable for fire safety just as they are held accountable for quality? </li></ul>
  30. 31. Action Plan #1
  31. 32. Factors to consider by owner <ul><li>Occupants received instructions on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency fire/spill procedures? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>controlling fire hazards? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are supervisory staff identified? </li></ul><ul><li>Are duties clearly defined? </li></ul>
  32. 33. Factors to consider by owner <ul><li>Are supervisory staff trained? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a maintenance schedule? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the maintenance schedule appropriate and being followed? </li></ul>
  33. 34. Factors to consider by owner <ul><li>Are there suitable alternate measures in the event of shut down of fire and life safety systems? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there adequate schematic drawings? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there special provisions for high-rise buildings and potentially hazardous installations? </li></ul>
  34. 35. Factors to consider by owner <ul><li>Is the approved fire safety plan kept in an approved location? </li></ul><ul><li>Has the approved fire safety plan been reviewed within the past 12 months? </li></ul><ul><li>Are records of fire drill and tests of fire equipment available for inspection? </li></ul>
  35. 36. Action Plan #2
  36. 37. Maintenance
  37. 38. Performing the Maintenance Functions <ul><li>Life safety as the bottom line </li></ul><ul><li>Building up the paper trail </li></ul><ul><li>Adhering to maintenance schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Written documentation of regular inspection </li></ul>
  38. 39. Approved Maintenance Schedule <ul><li>As per approved Fire Safety Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Check </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Test </li></ul>Fire Safety Plan CCM
  39. 40. Who Does What <ul><li>Daily and weekly checks </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly checks, inspections and tests </li></ul><ul><li>2-monthly inspections and tests </li></ul><ul><li>Quarterly inspections and tests </li></ul><ul><li>6-monthly inspections and tests </li></ul><ul><li>Annual inspections and tests </li></ul>
  40. 41. Action Plan #3
  41. 42. Emergency Response
  42. 44. In Case of Fire <ul><li>Establish the origin of the fire alarm signal. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategy and tactics for firefighting and rescue. </li></ul></ul>
  43. 45. In Case of Fire (cont’d) <ul><li>Confirm the emergency situation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response to monitoring company’s query </li></ul></ul>
  44. 46. In Case of Fire (cont’d) <ul><ul><li>Notify occupants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not silence the fire alarm </li></ul></ul>
  45. 47. In Case of Fire (cont’d) <ul><li>► Check every room to ensure all occupants have evacuated </li></ul><ul><li>► Close all doors behind you </li></ul><ul><li>► Report evacuation status to the Chief Fire Warden </li></ul>
  46. 48. In Case of Fire (cont’d) <ul><li>Standby to assist fire department. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide incident up-date to the fire department before their arrival. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have the Fire Safety Plan ready for the fire fighters. </li></ul></ul>
  47. 49. Upon Hearing Fire Alarm <ul><li>Save work in progress and shutdown all computers when safe to do so </li></ul><ul><li>Lock up cash register </li></ul><ul><li>Leave the room or area and close door behind you </li></ul><ul><li>Close the main entrance gate, but do not lock the gate </li></ul><ul><li>Report to the assembly point and report to the Chief Fire Warden of the CCM Centre </li></ul>
  48. 50. Action Plan #4
  49. 51. Fire Drill
  50. 52. Fire Drills <ul><li>Fire Code Requirement: </li></ul><ul><li>for supervisory staff only </li></ul>
  51. 53. Fire Drills - Purpose <ul><li>Fire emergency often generates anxiety and excitement which may create a stressful environment for staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Persons with little training or experience may have difficulty dealing effectively with the emergency. </li></ul>
  52. 54. Fire Drills - Outcomes <ul><li>To allow management to assess preparedness of staff </li></ul><ul><li>To allow supervisory staff to practice emergency procedures </li></ul>
  53. 55. Fire Drills - Outcomes <ul><li>To allow occupants to respond correctly to fire emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>To allow management to communicate with staff and occupants and assist occupants in their own pre-fire planning. </li></ul>
  54. 56. Legal Requirements <ul><li>The holding of fire drills including the emergency procedures appropriate to the building. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At least once every 12 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisory staff shall be available on notification of a fire emergency to fulfil their obligations as described in the fire safety plan. </li></ul></ul>
  55. 57. Fire Drills - Selecting Scenarios <ul><li>It is management’s responsibility to create a positive environment so that proper response to emergency situations is possible by staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Scenarios should be simulations of real-life conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Scenarios should fall within the scope of training of staff. </li></ul>
  56. 58. Fire Drills - Involving Building Occupants <ul><li>Building occupants should be encouraged to: </li></ul><ul><li>participate in building evacuation; </li></ul><ul><li>get familiar with building escape routes; </li></ul><ul><li>get familiar with building fire emergency systems; and </li></ul><ul><li>participate in fire drill debriefing </li></ul>
  57. 59. Fire Drills - Planning and Execution <ul><li>4 weeks prior - Inform staff and occupants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>request their input or comments </li></ul></ul>
  58. 60. Fire Drills - Planning and Execution <ul><li>2 weeks prior - distribute copies of drill procedure to supervisors to cascade to other staff and volunteers. Send written notification about the drill, including anticipated date and time. </li></ul>
  59. 61. <ul><li>1 days prior - finalize plans with staff as to the exact timetable the drill will follow. </li></ul><ul><li>Drill day - Director arrives to initiate the drill. Plaza management, fire department and fire alarm monitoring company notified of drill. </li></ul><ul><li>1 week post - Tally survey forms or drill record, and act on the information provided. </li></ul>
  60. 62. Fire Drills - Appointing Observers <ul><li>Observers are required to observe the response of certain performance and report back during the debriefing session. </li></ul><ul><li>Every fire drill should be viewed as a learning opportunity. </li></ul>
  61. 63. Fire Drills - The Exercise <ul><li>Site staff is expected to respond to the fire alarm situation appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>Occupants if participating, timed for evacuation </li></ul>
  62. 64. Fire Drills - The Exercise <ul><li>Monitoring Company checked for proper acknowledgement </li></ul><ul><li>Management should decide on any sudden change of circumstances which may require proper response from staff. </li></ul>
  63. 65. Action Plan #5
  64. 66. Fire Safety Planning Office Hallway Office Office Conference Room Store Office
  65. 67. Management Tool <ul><li>Fire safety plan is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>site-specific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>comprehensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>occupant-focused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>instruction-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>performance-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>legal document </li></ul></ul>
  66. 68. End-users of the Plan <ul><li>Individual visitors to the Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Individual building occupants </li></ul><ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighters </li></ul>
  67. 69. Training is the key to good fire safety planning! How can I ensure that staff are doing the right things?
  68. 70. Action Plan #6