Difference between Research & Proposal Research

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Difference between Research & Proposal Research

  1. 1. SFGS 6124 Research MethodologyLecturer: Dr. Che Wan Jasimah Wan Mohamed Radzi “Difference between Research & Research Proposal” Mohd Fadhli Rahmat Fakri SMB110010 Department of Science & Technology Studies, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya
  2. 2. Research: Definition Definition: Images taken from http://paragraphandessay.blogspot.com “…as the search for knowledge, or as any systematic investigation, to establish novel facts, solve new or existing problems, prove new ideas, or develop new theories, usually using a scientific method.” Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research “…in the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge."…” Source: Shuttleworth, Martyn (2008). "Definition of Research". Experiment Resources. Experiment-Research.com.
  3. 3. Most Basic Type based on Purpose:Basic Research: Pure or fundamental Research, it is undertaken for increase in knowledge. Basis/foundation for Applied Research.Applied Research: It is use of basic research or past theories, knowledge and methods for solving an existing problem. It deals with practical problems. Images taken from http://myjazmanie.com
  4. 4. Most Basic Type based on Method /Approaches: Inductive Research: General →Specific Hypothesis Testing Deductive Research: Specific→General Descriptive Research Source: http://hafeezrm.hubpages.com/hub/Types-of-Research
  5. 5. Research Proposal: Definition “…the process (step by step guidelines) to plan and to give structure to the prospective research with the final aim of increasing the validity of the research”. Source: http://www.nmmu.ac.za/robert/resprop.htm Images taken from http://martin-kwanhui-tute3hbm370.blogspot.com
  6. 6. Most Common Elements in ResearchProposal: A title A problem statement/question Hypotheses statement Demarcation of the terrain of study (assumptions, limitations and delimitations) Definition of terminology Indication of the importance/significance of the study Literature review A careful and detailed analysis of the proposed research procedures A time schedule Source: Leedy, PD 1985 Practical Research: Planning and Design. Third Edition. New York: McMillan Publishing Co.
  7. 7. Other Type of Proposals: Informal proposal, business proposal, marketing proposal, project proposal, sales proposal, research proposal, grant proposal, book proposal, speculative proposal. Image taken from http://bestmarketingtips.org
  8. 8. Difference betweenResearch & Research Proposal RESEARCH PROPOSAL RESEARCH1 Definition: Definition: “…the process (step by step “…as the search for knowledge, or as any guidelines) to plan and to give systematic investigation, to establish novel structure to the prospective research facts, solve new or existing problems, prove with the final aim of increasing the new ideas, or develop new theories, usually validity of the research”. using a scientific method.” Source: Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research http://www.nmmu.ac.za/robert/resprop.htm “…in the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge…” Source: Shuttleworth, Martyn (2008). "Definition of Research". Experiment Resources. Experiment-Research.com.
  9. 9. 2 Most Common Elements: Most Basic Type based on Purpose: A title Basic Research: A problem statement/question Pure or fundamental Research, it is undertaken for Hypotheses statement increase in knowledge. Basis/foundation for Applied Research. Demarcation of the terrain of study (assumptions, limitations and Applied Research: delimitations) It is use of basic research or past theories, knowledge and methods for solving an existing Definition of terminology problem. It deals with practical problems. Indication of the importance/significance of Most Basic Type based on Method /Approaches: the study Literature review Inductive Research: General →Specific A careful and detailed analysis of the Hypothesis Testing proposed research procedures Deductive Research: A time schedule Specific→General Descriptive Research Other Type of Proposals: Informal proposal, business proposal, marketing Source: proposal, project proposal, sales proposal, research http://hafeezrm.hubpages.com/hub/Types-of-Research proposal, grant proposal, book proposal, speculative proposal. Source: Leedy, PD 1985 Practical Research: Planning and Design. Third Edition. New York: McMillan Publishing Co.
  10. 10. Thank you!

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