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Visual Dictionary


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  • 1. Concrete Joint : CONTROL
    A groove machined into the concrete’s surface allowing for cracking to occur in the joint, while not being visible
    Joint used to isolate concrete slab from columns, walls, drains, etc.
  • 3. Concrete Masonry Unit
    Large rectangular brick used in construction made from cast concrete, Portland cement, and aggregates. Three courses of brick are equal to one course of c.m.u.
  • 4. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
  • 5. Exterior Flush Door
  • 6. Exterior Panel Door
  • 7. Panel
  • 8. Top Rail
    Lock Rail
    (black oval)
  • 9. Bottom Rail (white oval)
  • 10. Transom- Small window directly above the day
    Side lights- Tall narrow window on a door’s sides
  • 11. Transformer
    Device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors
  • 12. Service Head
    Passes electricity on to an electric meter
  • 13. Service Meter
    Device that records how much electricity is used and also sends electricity to main panel box
  • 14. Service Panel
    Distributes electricity to all electrical components in a house
  • 15. Duplex Receptacle
    A receptacle that provides outlets in which home appliances can be plugged into
  • 16. Anchor Bolt
  • 17. Sill Plate
  • 18. Floor Joist
  • 19. Sole Plate
  • 20. Top Plate
    Ceiling Joist
  • 21. Rafter
    Roof Decking
  • 22. Sheathing
  • 23. Front End Loader
    Used to move large quantities of soil and to load trucks
    Differs than a bulldozer in that bulldozers cannot scoop up materials or load trucks
    Differs from a backhoe in that it doesn’t have an excavating arm
  • 24. Gypsum Board
    Used to construct interior walls, made by pressing gypsum plaster between two sheets of thick paper
  • 25. Heat Pump
    Advantage: reduces energy purchase required to heat building
    Disadvantage: high installation cost
  • 26. The condenser coils are tubes that carry refrigerant allowing the unit to coolThe compressor compresses cool Freon gas molecules into hotter, high pressure molecules that are then transported to the air conditioning unit
  • 27. Batt Insulation
  • 28. Loose Fill Insulation
  • 29. Foam Insulation
  • 30. Rigid Board Insulation
  • 31. Lintel
    A beam that carries the load of a wall across an opening
  • 32. Rebar
    A rod or bar used for reinforcement in concrete or asphalt pouring
    Size #6 Rebar, ¾ “ diameter
    Deformation ensure that the concrete and rebar lock together to form one component
  • 33. Gutter
    Channel or trough on roof edge that transfers water from roof down to spout
    Pipe used for conveying rain water from roofs and or gutters to the ground
  • 34. Splash block
    Small block typically made of concrete that catches rainwater from the downspout and directs it away from a building
  • 35. Underlayment
    Use to temporarily protect roof sheathing until the final roof finish is completed
    This underlayment is keeping the roof sheathing dry
  • 36. Clay Tile Roof
  • 37. Shingle
    A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building
  • 38. Aluminized Steel
    Metal Roofing
  • 39. Gable Roof
  • 40. Gambrel Roof
  • 41. Hip Roof
  • 42. Ridge
    Level intersection of two roof planes on a gable roof
    A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
  • 43. Rake
    Sloping edge of a steep roof
    Horizontal edge on the low slide of a slopping roof
  • 44. Roof withoutFascia
    Roof with no facial board
    Exposed vertical face of an eave
  • 45. Coursed Rubble Pattern
    Random Rubble
  • 46. Coursed Ashlar Pattern
  • 47. Waterproofing
    Impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation
    Fully Adhered
  • 48. Weep Hole
    A small opening whose purpose is to drain water that has accumulated inside a building
  • 49. Welded Wire Fabric
    series of wires arranged at right angles to each other and electrically welded at all intersections
    6” by 6” grid measurement
  • 50. Window # 1 - Awning
    Hinged at the top of the window, allowing it to be propped open slightly
  • 51. Window # 2 - Casement
    Sash tilts outward which is controlled by a crank and hinged on a vertical jamb
  • 52. Window # 3 - Hopper
    casement window flipped on its side, the entire pane tilts inward to open, allowing for maximum ventilation