Visual Dictionary- F09sill


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Visual Dictionary- F09sill

  1. 1. Air barrier paper <ul><li>The outer most covering of an air barrier, used to control airflow between a conditioned space and an unconditioned space. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Soffit Vent- draws cool air into the attic as hot air rises </li></ul><ul><li>Ridge Vent- maximizes air flow across the entire underside of rood sheathing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Gable Vent- creates proper air circulation during extreme climate conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Turbine- used to extract hot moist air from the attic using the wind. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Backhoe <ul><li>-A piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. Used to excavate a construction site. </li></ul><ul><li>Width of Bucket- 24” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Batter Boards <ul><li>- Horizontal boards nailed to posts set at the corners of an excavation, used to indicate the desired level, also indicates outline of foundation walls or perimeter of building. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Brick Arches <ul><li>Tudor </li></ul><ul><li>Jack </li></ul>
  7. 7. Arch with a Keystone
  8. 8. Centering <ul><li>-Temporary formwork used to support arches during construction </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick bonds <ul><li>Running </li></ul><ul><li>Common </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Rowlocks </li></ul><ul><li>Headers </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Sailors </li></ul>
  12. 12. Stretcher rowlocks(shiners)
  13. 13. Brick Sizes
  14. 14. Bulldozer <ul><li>- A heavy, driver operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cladding <ul><li>Brick clad structure </li></ul><ul><li>EFIS clad structure </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Stone clad structure </li></ul><ul><li>Wood board clad structure </li></ul>
  17. 17. Wood shingle <ul><li>Wood shingles are thin and have smooth and sawn surfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Wood shakes- are thicker and have a more rugged look to them . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Egress Window <ul><li>Measurements of open area </li></ul><ul><li>IBC requirements </li></ul><ul><li>A minimum clear opening of 5.7 square feet. </li></ul><ul><li>If its on the ground floor, a minimum of 5.0 square feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum clear opening height of 24” </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum clear opening width of 20” </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom of clear opening not more than 44” AFF </li></ul>
  19. 19. Stair <ul><li>Tread and Riser dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>IBC code for Tread and Risers </li></ul><ul><li>Tread- a minimum of 10” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser- a maximum of 7-3/4” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint- cracks that can open to accommodate shrinkage in surfaces made of concrete masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation Joint- an expansion joint, between two adjacent structures which are not in physical contact. </li></ul>
  21. 21. CMU <ul><li>1 CMU= 3 brick courses </li></ul><ul><li>Construction consisting of concrete masonry units laid up in mortar or grout. </li></ul><ul><li>Typical dimensions- 8x8x16” </li></ul><ul><li>Used for building load bearing walls and foundation. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Two different size CMU
  23. 23. Decorative concrete masonry units <ul><li>Split block </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbed block </li></ul>
  24. 24. Doors <ul><li>Exterior flush door </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior panel door </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Transom - glazed panel above a door. </li></ul><ul><li>Sidelight - fixed, glazed panels on the side of a door. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Electrical Components <ul><li>Power pole with a transformer </li></ul><ul><li>Service head </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Meter </li></ul><ul><li>Service panel </li></ul>
  28. 28. Duplex Receptacle
  29. 29. Framing Elements <ul><li>#1 -Anchor bolt </li></ul><ul><li>#2 -Sill plate </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>#3 -Floor joist </li></ul><ul><li>#4 -Subflooring </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>#5 -Sole plate </li></ul><ul><li>#6 -Stud </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>#7 -Top plate </li></ul><ul><li>#8 -Ceiling joist </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>#9 -Rafter </li></ul><ul><li>#10 -Roof decking </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>#11 -Sheathing </li></ul><ul><li>#12 -Stringer </li></ul>
  35. 35. Front End Loader <ul><li>An earth moving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble. </li></ul><ul><li>It loads quicker than a back hoe and a bulldozer and is more efficient too. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Prefabricated sheet material </li></ul><ul><li>sheets are 4’by 8’-14’ and ¼” to 1” thick. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Heat pumps <ul><li>Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>They are cheaper and make less noise than other heat systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t do well in long winter climates, requires back up heating system for these climates. </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Compressor/Condenser - the compressor pushes the vapor through the pump. The condenser raises the pressure of the vapor which then cools it. </li></ul><ul><li>Air handling unit - a device used to condition and circulate air as part of the heating unit. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Insulation <ul><li>Blanket insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Loose fill insulation </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Foamed insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid board insulation </li></ul>
  41. 41. Concrete Lintel <ul><li>Lintel- a horizontal structural member, such as a beam or stone, that spans an opening, as between the uprights of a door or window. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Mortar
  43. 43. Mortar join #2
  44. 44. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>- No veneered panel product that is formed by layering strands of wood in specific orientations. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory </li></ul><ul><li>Size of piping: 1-1/2” </li></ul><ul><li>Water closet </li></ul><ul><li>Size of piping: 3” </li></ul>
  46. 46. Manufactured tub set in framing prior to gypsum board being installed
  47. 47. <ul><li>Plumbing roof vent- helps the water to drain freely. </li></ul><ul><li>Bathroom sink- </li></ul>
  48. 48. Plywood <ul><li>Layers of wood veneer glued together. </li></ul><ul><li>Layers alternate directions at 90 degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer - a thin layer of finely grained wood, glued to an inferior surface. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Radiant barrier <ul><li>a form of insulation that prevents solar heat conducted by the roof from radiating down towards the ceiling. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Rebar
  51. 51. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter- a channel at the eaves or on the roof of a building, for carrying off rainwater. </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout- a vertical pipe for carrying rainwater from the gutter to the ground. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Splash block <ul><li>- A small masonry block with a concaved surface placed on the ground below a downspout at a sloping angle to carry roof drainage water away from a building and to prevent erosion of the soil. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment- asphalt impregnated paper used as a temporary weather proofing </li></ul><ul><li>Clay tile roof </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>Shingle - small light weight units applied in overlapping layers. </li></ul><ul><li>Metal panel roof - aluminized steel. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable roof </li></ul><ul><li>Gambrel roof </li></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>Hip roof </li></ul><ul><li>Mansard roof </li></ul>
  57. 57. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge - long narrow upper section of the roof formed by two sloping planes </li></ul><ul><li>Valley - where two sloping roofs meet. </li></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><li>Eave - the edge of the roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Rake - pitched edge of a gable roof. </li></ul>
  59. 59. <ul><li>Soffit - the horizontal underside of a roof overhang. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia - a flat horizontal band around the roof’s perimeter. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Building without Fascia <ul><li>No flat horizontal band around the roof. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Stone <ul><li>Random rubble pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed rubble pattern </li></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>Random ashlars pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed ashlars pattern </li></ul>
  63. 63. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Prevents condensation of water vapor inside wall or ceiling materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be placed between the insulation and the conditioned space. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Waterproofing <ul><li>Prevents water from entering or escaping various sections of building structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid applied </li></ul>
  65. 65. Weep hole <ul><li>- A hole in the joint of the mortar of a brick wall, to allow water to escape the cavity. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Welded wire fabric <ul><li>- </li></ul>
  67. 67. Windows <ul><li>Double hung- two movable sashes that slide up or down in tracks </li></ul><ul><li>Sliding- one sash can slide horizontally past the other sash. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Fixed <ul><li>- Immovable sash </li></ul>