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  1. 1. Visual Dictionary Steven Dechert BSCI 2300
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Impermeable to airflow </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous over the entire building enclosure or continuous over the enclosure of any given unit </li></ul><ul><li>Able to withstand the forces that may act on them during and after construction </li></ul><ul><li>Durable over the expected lifetime of the building </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent-An intake vent in the soffit area of the house that provides attic venting at a lower portion of the roof deck and good circulation with other forms of venting such as ridge or roof vents
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Roof Turbine Gable Vent Ridge Vent
  5. 5. Backhoe <ul><li>Backhoe : An excavation machine with a large bucket used for digging and back-filling around the exterior of the foundation </li></ul><ul><li>24 ” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Batter Boards <ul><li>Boards erected at the corners of a proposed building to specifically locate and show corners and show foundation wall height </li></ul>
  7. 7. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Monk Bond-Header then stretcher patter </li></ul><ul><li>Running-Continuous stretchers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Brick Bonds <ul><li>FBA Brick </li></ul><ul><li>4”x5”x3” </li></ul><ul><li>FBS Brick </li></ul><ul><li>3 1/2”x2 7/8”x13/4” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arches Tudor Arch With Keystone Parabolic
  10. 10. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Headers </li></ul>Rowlock Soldier Stretcher
  11. 11. Brick Bonds Header Running Bond-Consists of all stretchers
  12. 12. Brick Bonds-Soldiers <ul><li>Soldiers </li></ul>
  13. 13. Brick Sizes
  14. 14. Bulldozer <ul><li>large powerful tractor; a large blade in front flattens areas of ground </li></ul><ul><li>Bulldozer is moving earthwork and working on grade </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cladding Stone Random Ashlar Brick Wood Board
  16. 16. Code Requirements <ul><li>Meets minimum tread depth of 10” and riser height of 7 3/4” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser=8” </li></ul><ul><li>Depth=11 1/2” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Code Requirements <ul><li>Double hung window at 52” above the finished floor meeting the requirement of 44” </li></ul><ul><li>Has an opening of 6.5 square feet and opens vertically 26” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint- Tooled, straight grooves made on concrete floors to &quot;control&quot; where the concrete should crack </li></ul>Crack Control Joint
  19. 19. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>3 Brick courses=1 CMU </li></ul><ul><li>Typical dimension=8”x8”x16” </li></ul><ul><li>Aspects- made from cast concrete, i.e. Portland cement and aggregate, usually sand and fine gravel for high-density blocks </li></ul>2 different size CMU
  20. 21. Doors <ul><li>Door with transom and sidelight </li></ul>Transom Side light Stile panel Top rail Lock rail Bottom Rail
  21. 22. Doors <ul><li>Exterior flush door </li></ul>
  22. 23. Electrical Components <ul><li>Power Pole- a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors </li></ul>
  23. 24. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service head-connects public electric source to structure </li></ul><ul><li>Meter-Keeps track of electrical usage </li></ul>Service Head Meter Meter
  24. 25. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service Panel- A separate or auxiliary breaker or fuse box separate from the main electrical service entrance. Its purpose is to tie all the electrical circuits of building into the main power line and allow each individual circuit to be protected by fuses or breakers to avoid overloading </li></ul><ul><li>Duplex Receptacle-Electrical outlet with space for two plugs. 
 </li></ul>Service Panel Duplex Receptacle
  25. 26. Framing Elements 1 Anchor Bolt 2 Sill Plate 3 Floor Joist 4 Subflooring
  26. 27. Framing Elements 5 Sole Plate 6 Stud 7 Top plate 8 Ceiling Joist
  27. 28. Framing Elements 9 Rafter 12 Stringer 10 Roof Decking 11 Sheathing
  28. 29. Front End Loader <ul><li>Front End Loader- A loader is a type of construction equipment (engineering vehicle) machinery that is primarily used to &quot;load&quot; material </li></ul>
  29. 30. Gypsum Board <ul><li>wallboard with a gypsum plaster core bonded to layers of paper or fiberboard; used instead of plaster or wallboard to make interior walls </li></ul>
  30. 31. Heat Pump <ul><li>AHU- a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning ( HVAC ) system </li></ul><ul><li>Compressor- A pump or other machine that increases the pressure of a gas </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages and disadvantages-heat and cool rapidly but is noisy and bulky </li></ul>Air Handling Unit Compressor
  31. 32. Insulation <ul><li>Definition- material or substance that provides a high resistance to the flow of heat from one surface to another </li></ul>Blanket Insulation
  32. 33. Steel Lintel <ul><li>A horizontal structural beam spanning an opening, such as between the uprights of a door or a window, and which supports the wall </li></ul>
  33. 34. Mortar <ul><li>Extruded Joint </li></ul><ul><li>.25” width </li></ul><ul><li>Used on a wall </li></ul><ul><li>Type N </li></ul>
  34. 35. Mortar <ul><li>Concave Joint </li></ul><ul><li>Troweled </li></ul><ul><li>.15” </li></ul><ul><li>Residential House </li></ul><ul><li>Type M </li></ul>
  35. 36. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>A nonveneered panel product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations </li></ul>
  36. 37. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory- a room with conveniences for washing and usually with one or more toilets </li></ul><ul><li>1 1/2 ” Piping </li></ul>Water closet Lavatory
  37. 38. Plumbing <ul><li>VTR-pipe that maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air </li></ul>
  38. 39. Plumbing <ul><li>Integral Sink </li></ul>
  39. 40. Plywood <ul><li>Plywood-a structural material consisting of sheets of wood glued or cemented together with the grains of adjacent layers arranged at right angles or at a wide angle </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer-a thin sheet of a material </li></ul>
  40. 41. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>Reduce heat transfer by thermal radiation </li></ul>
  41. 42. Rebar <ul><li>Deformations give more anchorage into the concrete and strength </li></ul><ul><li>#5 15.9 mm diameter </li></ul>
  42. 43. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter- a trough along the eaves to catch and carry off rainwater </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout-a vertical pipe used to drain rainwater from a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Splashblock-A pad placed under the lower end of a downspout and diverts the water from the downspout away </li></ul>Gutter Downspout Splashblock
  43. 44. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment- Asphalt saturated felt used beneath roofing to provide additional protection </li></ul>
  44. 45. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Shingle- a small thin piece of building material often with one end thicker than the other for laying in overlapping rows as a covering for the roof or sides of a building </li></ul>
  45. 46. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Metal Panel Roof-often made out of steel and tin </li></ul>
  46. 47. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Gambrel Hip Mansard
  47. 48. Steep Roof Terms Rake Eave Facia Soffit Ridge Valley Roof without facia
  48. 49. Vapor Retarder
  49. 50. Waterproofing <ul><li>Keeps liquid substrates from entering the structure </li></ul><ul><li>Loosely applied </li></ul><ul><li>Not fully adhered but lets less liquid through because of movement </li></ul>
  50. 51. Weep Hole <ul><li>Weep Hole- small openings left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate </li></ul>
  51. 52. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>6’x24’ </li></ul>
  52. 53. Windows <ul><li>Hopper </li></ul><ul><li>Opens to the inside and is hinged at the bottom </li></ul><ul><li>Double Hung </li></ul><ul><li>Top and bottom of window slides up and down </li></ul>
  53. 54. Windows <ul><li>Casement </li></ul><ul><li>Hinged on the sides and opens outward </li></ul>