VISUAL DICTIONARY
Air Barrier  Paper A moisture-resistant barrier, such as building felt or house-wrap, that covers the sheathing and acts a...
Attic Ventilation soffit vent An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space b...
Attic Ventilation  ridge vent A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge
Attic Ventilation  gable vent A screened, louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from a...
Attic Ventilation  roof turbine A venting system that is turned either by air flow or by electricity to circulate and exch...
Backhoe An excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine wh...
Batter Boards A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface plan...
Roman Brick Arch
Parabolic Brick Arch
Roman Brick Arch and Key Stone
Centering Temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault
Running Brick Bond Brick work consisting entirely of stretchers
Common Brick Bond Five rows of stretchers followed by a row of headers
Rowlocks
Headers
Soldiers
Sailors
Stretcher Rowlocks
Brick Sizes 3 ½  X 3 ½ X 11 ½  Utility Brick 3 ½ X 2 ½ X 7 ½  Modular Brick
Bull Dozer Tracked vehicle with a large steel plate (or blade) that is used for moving lare amounts of earth on a construc...
Brick Cladding
EIFS Cladding
Stone Cladding
Wood Cladding
Wood Shingle Cladding Strips of wood that are nailed in an over lapping pattern on the side of a building or structure.
Code Requirements Bedroom Windows Area of opening:  6.33 square feet Dimensions of  Bedroom Window: Width: 35 inches Heigh...
Code    Requirements   Stairs  Riser: 6 ½ in, Tread:12 in  IBC Code Requirements:  11inch minimum Tread 7 ¾ inch maximum r...
Concrete Control Joints Crack Joint formed in a structure to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur to eliminat...
Isolation Joint Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applicati...
Concrete Masonry Units 1 CMU = 3 Bricks
Concrete Masonry Units 8 X 8 X 16 typical dimensions , a block of hardened concrete, with of without hollow cores, designe...
Decorative Concrete Masonry Units  Ribface Split face
Exterior  Flush Door
Exterior Panel Door Panel Lock Rail Top Rail Stile Bottom Rail
Transom A small window directly above a door
Sidelight A tall, narrow window alongside a door
Power pole & Transformer  Power pole  Transformer Used to bring power to house or building and reduce current to a useable...
Service Head Used to bring power into the house or building
Meter Used by power company to obtain a readout of power used
Service Panel House breakers that regulate safe current flow and branch power out to power receptacles and outlets within ...
Duplex Receptacle Used to plug in appliances to current source
Framing Elements anchor bolt
Framing Elements floor joist sill plate sub flooring
Framing Elements sole plate stud top plate
ceiling joist
rafter
roof decking
Sheathing
Stringer
Front End Loader  An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble  Where a ...
Gypsum Board   an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwich between paper faces; also called drywall, pla...
Heat Pump  Compressor/Condenser Advantage: Ability to filter air and control humidity Disadvantage: Ducts are bulky Extrac...
Air handling unit Interior component Further heats or cools the air that is sent through the home
Insbatt or blanket insulationulation
loose fill insulation
foamed insulation
rigid board insulation To insulate the house or building, slowing the exchange of hot and cold air to help maintain a comf...
Lintel A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
Concave Mortar Joint Tooled Joint In use on an educational school building Type S Mortar 3/8 ” thick Mortar Joint
Beaded Mortar Joint Type S Mortar 3/8” thick Mortar Joint Tooled Joint  Used on an elderly care facility
Oriented Strand Board (OSB) A nonveneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific direct...
lavatory 1½” pipe used to drain lavatory
water closet 3” Pipe used to drain water closet
Manufactured Tub
plumbing roof vent Maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the...
Kitchen sink installed in a countertop This sink is a drop-in mount
Plywood The grain Veneer: A thin layer, sheet, or facing A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer b...
Radiant Barrier
Rebar Diameter ¾ in, #6 rebar Purpose of the deformations is to keep the rebar in place in the concrete after the concrete...
Steep Roof  Drainage  Gutter Downspout Splash Block Gutter: A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of ...
Steep Roof Materials  Underlayment Underlayment: A panel laid over a sub-floor to create a smooth, stiff surface for the a...
Clay Tile Roof
Metal Shingle Roof Shingle: A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such un...
Metal Panel Roof Materials typically used are Galvanized or Aluminized Steel
Gable Roof
Gambrel Roof
Hip Roof
Mansard Roof
Steep Roof Terms  Ridge Valley Ridge: The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof Valley: A trough formed by...
Steep Roof Terms Rake Rake: The sloping edge of a steep roof
Steep Roof Terms  Soffit: The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or a...
Steep Roof Terms Fascia: The exposed vertical face of an eave
Building Without Fascia No Fascia Building with no exposed vertical face of an eave
Random Rubble Stone Pattern
Coursed Rubble Pattern Stone
Random Ashlar Stone
Coursed Ashlar Stone Pattern
Vapor Retarder
Waterproofing
Weep Hole  Weep Hole: A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building comp...
Welded Wire Fabric  Grid Measurements: 6”X 6”
Double Hung Windows  Identified by the two overlapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks
Sliding Windows Identified by one fixed sash and another that moves horizontally in tracks
Casement Windows Identified by its pivoting on an axis at or near a vertical edge of the sash
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Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. VISUAL DICTIONARY
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper A moisture-resistant barrier, such as building felt or house-wrap, that covers the sheathing and acts as a backup waterproofing layer to the siding that is applied over it. Will stop water in liquid form but not water vapor
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation soffit vent An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation ridge vent A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation gable vent A screened, louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation roof turbine A venting system that is turned either by air flow or by electricity to circulate and exchange air through the attic
  7. 7. Backhoe An excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. Used to move earth, rubble or material, especially where more precise digging is required Bucket Width: 22 ½”
  8. 8. Batter Boards A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation
  9. 9. Roman Brick Arch
  10. 10. Parabolic Brick Arch
  11. 11. Roman Brick Arch and Key Stone
  12. 12. Centering Temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault
  13. 13. Running Brick Bond Brick work consisting entirely of stretchers
  14. 14. Common Brick Bond Five rows of stretchers followed by a row of headers
  15. 15. Rowlocks
  16. 16. Headers
  17. 17. Soldiers
  18. 18. Sailors
  19. 19. Stretcher Rowlocks
  20. 20. Brick Sizes 3 ½ X 3 ½ X 11 ½ Utility Brick 3 ½ X 2 ½ X 7 ½ Modular Brick
  21. 21. Bull Dozer Tracked vehicle with a large steel plate (or blade) that is used for moving lare amounts of earth on a construction site.
  22. 22. Brick Cladding
  23. 23. EIFS Cladding
  24. 24. Stone Cladding
  25. 25. Wood Cladding
  26. 26. Wood Shingle Cladding Strips of wood that are nailed in an over lapping pattern on the side of a building or structure.
  27. 27. Code Requirements Bedroom Windows Area of opening: 6.33 square feet Dimensions of Bedroom Window: Width: 35 inches Height: 26 inches Sill Height: 19 inches IBC Building Code Requirements: Minimum width of 20” Minimum height 24” Maximum Sill height 44” This window meets the code requirements because the opening meets the requirements as stated by the code
  28. 28. Code Requirements Stairs Riser: 6 ½ in, Tread:12 in IBC Code Requirements: 11inch minimum Tread 7 ¾ inch maximum riser 4 inch minimum riser These stairs do meet code because the tread and riser are with in the minimum and maximum requirements that are stated by the IBC Code Requirements
  29. 29. Concrete Control Joints Crack Joint formed in a structure to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur to eliminate cracking else where in the structure
  30. 30. Isolation Joint Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, etc. Column being isolated from a slab
  31. 31. Concrete Masonry Units 1 CMU = 3 Bricks
  32. 32. Concrete Masonry Units 8 X 8 X 16 typical dimensions , a block of hardened concrete, with of without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone, have a multitude of uses and are made at a concrete plant and tend to be brittle. 8X12X16 4X8X16
  33. 33. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Ribface Split face
  34. 34. Exterior Flush Door
  35. 35. Exterior Panel Door Panel Lock Rail Top Rail Stile Bottom Rail
  36. 36. Transom A small window directly above a door
  37. 37. Sidelight A tall, narrow window alongside a door
  38. 38. Power pole & Transformer Power pole Transformer Used to bring power to house or building and reduce current to a useable voltage for the service head
  39. 39. Service Head Used to bring power into the house or building
  40. 40. Meter Used by power company to obtain a readout of power used
  41. 41. Service Panel House breakers that regulate safe current flow and branch power out to power receptacles and outlets within home or building
  42. 42. Duplex Receptacle Used to plug in appliances to current source
  43. 43. Framing Elements anchor bolt
  44. 44. Framing Elements floor joist sill plate sub flooring
  45. 45. Framing Elements sole plate stud top plate
  46. 46. ceiling joist
  47. 47. rafter
  48. 48. roof decking
  49. 49. Sheathing
  50. 50. Stringer
  51. 51. Front End Loader An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble Where a backhoe is used for precise digging and a bulldozer is used to push earth, the front end loader is used to lift the earth and material
  52. 52. Gypsum Board an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwich between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard
  53. 53. Heat Pump Compressor/Condenser Advantage: Ability to filter air and control humidity Disadvantage: Ducts are bulky Extracts hot or cold air from the external air and sends it through the air handling unit
  54. 54. Air handling unit Interior component Further heats or cools the air that is sent through the home
  55. 55. Insbatt or blanket insulationulation
  56. 56. loose fill insulation
  57. 57. foamed insulation
  58. 58. rigid board insulation To insulate the house or building, slowing the exchange of hot and cold air to help maintain a comfortable interior temperature
  59. 59. Lintel A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
  60. 60. Concave Mortar Joint Tooled Joint In use on an educational school building Type S Mortar 3/8 ” thick Mortar Joint
  61. 61. Beaded Mortar Joint Type S Mortar 3/8” thick Mortar Joint Tooled Joint Used on an elderly care facility
  62. 62. Oriented Strand Board (OSB) A nonveneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bounded together under pressure.
  63. 63. lavatory 1½” pipe used to drain lavatory
  64. 64. water closet 3” Pipe used to drain water closet
  65. 65. Manufactured Tub
  66. 66. plumbing roof vent Maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outside air
  67. 67. Kitchen sink installed in a countertop This sink is a drop-in mount
  68. 68. Plywood The grain Veneer: A thin layer, sheet, or facing A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure
  69. 69. Radiant Barrier
  70. 70. Rebar Diameter ¾ in, #6 rebar Purpose of the deformations is to keep the rebar in place in the concrete after the concrete has been poured and setup around the rebar
  71. 71. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter Downspout Splash Block Gutter: A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof Downspout: A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level Slash Block: A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout
  72. 72. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment Underlayment: A panel laid over a sub-floor to create a smooth, stiff surface for the application of finish flooring. Also a layer of waterproofing material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing
  73. 73. Clay Tile Roof
  74. 74. Metal Shingle Roof Shingle: A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight
  75. 75. Metal Panel Roof Materials typically used are Galvanized or Aluminized Steel
  76. 76. Gable Roof
  77. 77. Gambrel Roof
  78. 78. Hip Roof
  79. 79. Mansard Roof
  80. 80. Steep Roof Terms Ridge Valley Ridge: The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof Valley: A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes Eave Eave: The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof
  81. 81. Steep Roof Terms Rake Rake: The sloping edge of a steep roof
  82. 82. Steep Roof Terms Soffit: The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or a roof overhang
  83. 83. Steep Roof Terms Fascia: The exposed vertical face of an eave
  84. 84. Building Without Fascia No Fascia Building with no exposed vertical face of an eave
  85. 85. Random Rubble Stone Pattern
  86. 86. Coursed Rubble Pattern Stone
  87. 87. Random Ashlar Stone
  88. 88. Coursed Ashlar Stone Pattern
  89. 89. Vapor Retarder
  90. 90. Waterproofing
  91. 91. Weep Hole Weep Hole: A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
  92. 92. Welded Wire Fabric Grid Measurements: 6”X 6”
  93. 93. Double Hung Windows Identified by the two overlapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks
  94. 94. Sliding Windows Identified by one fixed sash and another that moves horizontally in tracks
  95. 95. Casement Windows Identified by its pivoting on an axis at or near a vertical edge of the sash

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