Hk Development Issues In The Philippines

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Hk Development Issues In The Philippines

  1. 1. Development Issues in the Philippines<br />
  2. 2. 1997 Per Capita Income<br />
  3. 3. Change in Per Capita Income between 1975 and 1997 <br />
  4. 4. Obstacles to Growth<br />High fertility rates<br />consequent rapid population growth (2.3% per year)<br />Very high rates of infectious diseases <br />(Ex. tuberculosis)<br />
  5. 5. Corruption<br />Inhibited development of fully competitive markets<br />Limited government capacity to raise revenue and make critical investments in human resources and infrastructure<br />
  6. 6. Lack of technical skills, financial capacity, and political will to protect the natural environment<br />Threatens basic food security and globally significant biological diversity<br />Acceleration of rural to urban migration over the short-term<br />Greater stress on inadequate infrastructure<br />Large parts of the Philippines could be uninhabitable over the long-term<br />
  7. 7. Environmental Issues<br />Overfishing and Destructive Fishing<br />Declining fish stocks and biodiversity<br />A drop of 90% in the quantity of marine organisms<br />Economic Loss<br />Mismanagement of fisheries resources cost $ 420 million annually in lost revenues<br />Weak fisheries management<br />Ineffective policies<br />Poor enforcement of fishery laws.<br />
  8. 8. Coastal infrastructure development<br />Excavation, dredging, and coastal conversion to accommodate coastal development<br />Corals extracted for reclamation and construction<br />Mangroves suffered from the aquaculture industry<br />36% reduction of mangroves from 1990<br />
  9. 9. Deforestation<br />3% left of the original cover<br />Under threat from agriculture, urbanization, illegal logging, and forest fires<br />Severe soil erosion<br />Rich biodiversity threatened<br />Endemic species<br />Inconsistent laws<br />Inadequate regulations<br />Weak enforcement<br />Lack of funding <br />
  10. 10. Pollution<br />Poor waste management<br />Polluting industrial material (i.e. mercury) from abandoned mining areas<br />Poor planning<br />Weak management and enforcement of regulations<br />
  11. 11. Problems in Social Development<br />More investment in constructing physical structures than funding basic social services<br />Despite the $ 600 million budget surplus in 2006, only 29% of total expenditures in UNICEF focus areas spent for social services<br />
  12. 12. Bibliography<br />http://www.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/philippines/environmental_problems__in_philippines/<br />http://www.unicef.org/philippines/8898.html<br />http://www.usaid.gov/pubs/bj2001/ane/ph/<br />
  13. 13. Bibliography (Images)<br />http://asean-iran.blogspot.com/2009/11/philippines-day-celebrated-at-asean.html<br />http://lacsimon.blogspot.com/2007_03_01_archive.html<br />http://news.mongabay.com/2008/0319-hance_philippines.html<br />http://www.boholchronicle.com/2007/mar/25/editorial.htm<br />http://www.cosmoloan.com/money-management/the-6-main-reasons-why-most-pro-athletes-go-broke.html<br />http://www.wwf.org.ph/gallery.php?filter=3<br />

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