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Hk Development Issues In The Philippines
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Hk Development Issues In The Philippines

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  • 1. Development Issues in the Philippines
  • 2. 1997 Per Capita Income
  • 3. Change in Per Capita Income between 1975 and 1997
  • 4. Obstacles to Growth
    High fertility rates
    consequent rapid population growth (2.3% per year)
    Very high rates of infectious diseases
    (Ex. tuberculosis)
  • 5. Corruption
    Inhibited development of fully competitive markets
    Limited government capacity to raise revenue and make critical investments in human resources and infrastructure
  • 6. Lack of technical skills, financial capacity, and political will to protect the natural environment
    Threatens basic food security and globally significant biological diversity
    Acceleration of rural to urban migration over the short-term
    Greater stress on inadequate infrastructure
    Large parts of the Philippines could be uninhabitable over the long-term
  • 7. Environmental Issues
    Overfishing and Destructive Fishing
    Declining fish stocks and biodiversity
    A drop of 90% in the quantity of marine organisms
    Economic Loss
    Mismanagement of fisheries resources cost $ 420 million annually in lost revenues
    Weak fisheries management
    Ineffective policies
    Poor enforcement of fishery laws.
  • 8. Coastal infrastructure development
    Excavation, dredging, and coastal conversion to accommodate coastal development
    Corals extracted for reclamation and construction
    Mangroves suffered from the aquaculture industry
    36% reduction of mangroves from 1990
  • 9. Deforestation
    3% left of the original cover
    Under threat from agriculture, urbanization, illegal logging, and forest fires
    Severe soil erosion
    Rich biodiversity threatened
    Endemic species
    Inconsistent laws
    Inadequate regulations
    Weak enforcement
    Lack of funding
  • 10. Pollution
    Poor waste management
    Polluting industrial material (i.e. mercury) from abandoned mining areas
    Poor planning
    Weak management and enforcement of regulations
  • 11. Problems in Social Development
    More investment in constructing physical structures than funding basic social services
    Despite the $ 600 million budget surplus in 2006, only 29% of total expenditures in UNICEF focus areas spent for social services
  • 12. Bibliography
    http://www.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/philippines/environmental_problems__in_philippines/
    http://www.unicef.org/philippines/8898.html
    http://www.usaid.gov/pubs/bj2001/ane/ph/
  • 13. Bibliography (Images)
    http://asean-iran.blogspot.com/2009/11/philippines-day-celebrated-at-asean.html
    http://lacsimon.blogspot.com/2007_03_01_archive.html
    http://news.mongabay.com/2008/0319-hance_philippines.html
    http://www.boholchronicle.com/2007/mar/25/editorial.htm
    http://www.cosmoloan.com/money-management/the-6-main-reasons-why-most-pro-athletes-go-broke.html
    http://www.wwf.org.ph/gallery.php?filter=3

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