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  2. 2. Sustainable Development “development which meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” A pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only by the present, but also for generation to come .
  3. 3. FAO Definition The management and conservation of natural resource base, and the orientation of technical and institutional change in such a manner as to ensure the attainment and continued satisfaction of human needs for present and future generations
  4. 4. objectives ensuring food security creating competitive and profitable fisheries harvesting and processing activities; ensuring the long-term viability of the resource catering for the well-being of a fishery workforce within a wider community and broader economic context maintaining the health and integrity of marine ecosystems
  5. 5. Why Unsustainable ??? Overcapacity Unsustainable fishing methods Unselective fishing practices and gear Bycatch / discards and bottom trawling Pollution Uneconomic Operations etc….
  6. 6. Sustainability Issues Ecological Economic Social or Institutional Technological Other Versions
  7. 7. Ecological Issues Biological Overfishing Environmental Pollution Habitat Destruction Biodiversity Loss Climate Change
  8. 8. Economic Issues Stagnation in Production Over Capitalisation Uneconomic Operations Unstable Global Market
  9. 9. Social and Institutional Issues Poor Housing, Health and Sanitation Illiteracy Poverty and Indebtedness Intra Use and Inter Use Conflicts
  10. 10. Technological Issues Adoption of New Technologies  Trawling and Purse Seining  Environmental Degradation, Biodiversity Loss and Intra Use Conflicts Other Versions Occupational Hazards  Occupation of Last Resort  Reluctance by Younger Generation  Dirty Industry
  11. 11. Solutions Increased awareness of factors beyond the conventional realm of fisheries management; Better integration of fisheries management into coastal area management; Control of land-based activities that degrade the marine environment; Stronger control of access to co-resources;
  12. 12.  Stronger institutions and legal frameworks; Greater participation by all stakeholders in the fisheries management process; Improved collection and sharing of information about fisheries and their environment; Improved understanding of the socio-economic characteristics of fisheries;
  13. 13.  Stronger systems of monitoring control and enforcement; Measures to deal with uncertainty and variability in natural resource and ecosystem dynamics; and Strengthening community commitment to responsible use of natural resources.
  14. 14. Code of Conduct For ResponsibleFisheries UNCLOS (The United Nations Convention on the Law Of Sea) 1982 Committee On Fisheries (COFI) 1991 Adoption by FAO 1995 The First International Instrument Global in Scope
  15. 15.  Principles and Standards applicable to Conservation, Management and Development of all Fisheries Objective of the Code is to promote the rational and sustainable exploitation of world fisheries resources through responsible fisheries management and conservation
  16. 16. Previous Questions Short note on sustainable development 2006,2010