Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Philippine Political Culture

Lecture slides for an undergraduate class on Philippine Politics and Governance I taught between 2003 and 2005. These slides deal with the concept of political culture, borrowing heavily from David Wurfel's study of the Philippines'.

Slides were prepared using Powerpoint XP.


  • Be the first to comment

Philippine Political Culture

  1. 1. Understanding Philippine Political Culture
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>What is political culture ? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we describe the political culture of the Philippines ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Political Culture? <ul><li>“ The system of empirical beliefs , expressive symbols and values which defines the situation in which political action takes place.” </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of attitudes towards the political system , its various parts and the role of the self in the system. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political Culture <ul><li>Political culture influences how people behave with respect to politics . </li></ul>CULTURE POLITICAL CULTURE POLITICAL BEHAVIOR
  5. 5. Political Culture in terms of… <ul><li>Political Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>The Political Process </li></ul><ul><li>Modernity (of the Political Culture) </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimacy </li></ul><ul><li>Social capital </li></ul>
  6. 6. Political Orientation <ul><li>Ideological </li></ul><ul><li>Political undertakings are rooted in ideology or principle . </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic </li></ul><ul><li>Politics is purely utilitarian and calculating </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Political Process Parochial participant subject Lack of knowledge/ interest in political input/output. Awareness of the process; belief in the right to participate. Awareness of the process, but more or less passive participation.
  8. 8. Modernity <ul><li>Sacral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliance on magico-religious beliefs to justify authority or explain behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A rational-scientific belief system characterizes political activity. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Legitimacy <ul><li>Legitimacy is the moral bond between citizens and state which obliges citizens to obey the state’s laws . </li></ul><ul><li>Derived from many sources : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Charisma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Social Capital <ul><li>Social capital = Societal trust and obligation . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whom do you trust?” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional/Linguistic groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personalistic: “ utang na loob” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Notes on Usage <ul><li>Political culture, just like culture, pertains to general tendencies that are not absolute . </li></ul><ul><li>As an explanatory variable, it is illustrative and descriptive . </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine political culture is a confluence of these characteristics. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Summary <ul><li>Political culture affects the conduct of politics, though not absolutely. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideological v. pragmatic </li></ul><ul><li>Parochial v. Subject v. Participant </li></ul><ul><li>Sacral v. Secular </li></ul>
  13. 13. Summary <ul><li>Legitimacy is a moral bond derived from many sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Social capital in the Philippines is highly stratified and personalistic. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Summary <ul><li>To describe Philippine political culture, or any political culture, entails examining the different characteristics of that culture. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Further reading… <ul><li>Almond, G.A. and Sydney Verba. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations . Toronto: Little, Brown and Co., 1965. </li></ul><ul><li>Pye, L. Asian power and politics: The cultural dimensions of authority . Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1985. </li></ul><ul><li>Pye, L. and Sydney Verba. Political Culture and Political Development . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1965 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Even Further Reading… <ul><li>Timberman, D.G. A Changeless Land: Continuity and Change in Philippine Politics . Manila: Bookmark, 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Wurfel, D. Philippine Politics: Development and Decay . Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1988. </li></ul>
  17. 17. -fin-