Permaculture for Farmers v3: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures
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Permaculture for Farmers: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures. Presented at the 2010 Northeast Organic Farming Association Conference by Ethan Roland and Benneth Phelps - read more and donwload resources at ...

Permaculture for Farmers: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures. Presented at the 2010 Northeast Organic Farming Association Conference by Ethan Roland and Benneth Phelps - read more and donwload resources at http://www.appleseedpermaculture.com/blog

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    Permaculture for Farmers v3: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures Permaculture for Farmers v3: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures Presentation Transcript

    • Permaculture for Farmers Ecological Production by Design Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture Terra Genesis Apios International Institute
    • Permaculture for Farmers
    • Permaculture Design • Definition - Ethics - Principles
    • The Permaculture Pie biochar/ bioremediation terra preta composting & aquaculture food forestry compost tea coppice perennial woodcrafts vegetables & biomass apiculture keyline mycoscaping management- alternative intensive grazing currencies edible forest earthworks gardening natural building green architecture
    • • ]
    • Design Tools • Zones of Use • Sector Analysis • Keyline Design
    • Zones of Use
    • Camp
    • Zone 1
    • Zone 1 Zone 2
    • Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3
    • Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4
    • Sector Analysis
    • Sector Thinking: Windbreaks
    • Sector Thinking: Windbreaks Zone 1
    • Keyline Design
    • Keyline: Catch+store Catch and Store Energy Source: Permaculture: A Designers Manual
    • Yobarnie
    • Keyline Plow
    • Keyline Design Sunday 1:00pm - Campus Center 804-08 Carbon Farmers of America
    • Permaculture for Farmers
    • Crop Design Process
    • Crop Design Process
    • Key Concepts " A geographic group of site-level ecosystems." -Bailey, 1998 "The growing of more than species or crop in the same space at the same time" -Jacke & Toensmeier, 2005
    • Main Crops • Annuals (Starting and Managing a CSA with Permaculture Principles, Sunday 8:00am Campus center 803) • Perennials • Berries • Orchard fruits • Nuts • Animals (fish, fowl, ruminants) • Fungi
    • Perennial Vegetables • Permaculture Principle: Least effort for large effect • Plants w/ a 3-3000+ year lifespan • Not destroyed by harvesting •
    • Perennial Vegetables LOW MAINTENANCE • Only plant once • Years of harvests • No digging or tilling • Resist pests, weeds, drought • Extend harvest season • Excellent yield/time Slide: Eric Toensmeier
    • Some (More) Common Perennial Vegetables Nettle Asparagus Rhubarb French sorrel Urtica dioica Asparagus Rheum x cultorum Rumex acetosa officinalis Slide: Eric Toensmeier
    • Sea Kale (Crambe maritima)
    • Multiplier Onion (Allium cepa-aggregatum) • Shallot, walking onion, chive, garlic chives
    • Skirret (Sium sisarum)
    • Climbing Spinach (Hablitzia tamnoides)
    • Climbing Spinach (Hablitzia tamnoides) Go see Jonathan @ Food Forest Farm Tent!
    • Berries
    • Currants (Ribes spp.)
    • Juneberry (Amelanchier spp.)
    • Orchard Fruits
    • Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
    • Mulberry – Morus spp.
    • Pears (Pyrus spp.) 42
    • Nuts
    • Chestnut
    • Pine Nut
    • Hazelnut (Corylus spp.)
    • Hazelnut (Corylus spp.)
    • Animals
    • Pigs
    • Pigs
    • Chickens
    • Fungi
    • Winecap Strophaia
    • Shitake Oyster
    • Support Crops Types Functions • Trees • Biomass • Shrubs • Accumulators • Groundcovers • Insectaries
    • Trees
    • Black & Honey Locust
    • Grey & Italian Alder
    • Grey & Italian Alder
    • Willow
    • Shrubs
    • Pea Shrub
    • Seaberry (Hippophae rhamnoides)
    • Goumi
    • Groundcovers
    • Trefoil(s)
    • Comfrey(s)
    • Comfrey(s)
    • Insectaries
    • Landscape Pattern: Production Polyculture Species • Plants, animals, fungi
    • Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge Species • Fresh eating: Linden, mulberry, sassafrass; saltbush, carolina silverbell • Cooked: Goji, fragrant spring tree, pea shrub
    • Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge
    • Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge
    • Orchard/Forest Garden: Uncommon Fruit Orchard Pawpaw Asian Pear Hazelnut
    • Orchard/Forest Garden: Uncommon Fruit Orchard Comfrey, chive, sorrel, anise hyssop, and chicory groundcover
    • MOFGA Fairgrounds, Unity, ME Alley Cropping: Fruit trees & annuals
    • Alley Cropping: Fruit trees & annuals • Apples, plums, pears • Pea shrub, grass, clover • Sweet peppers, kale
    • Windbreak: Nut Pines
    • Windbreak: Nut Pines & Fruit
    • Agroforestry: Pancake Polyculture Birch Black Walnut Sugar Understory Maple Fruits: Black raspberry, Oak Red currant, Black currant Chestnut Pawpaw 83
    • Agroforestry: Kazakh Mimic
    • Agroforestry: Kazakh Mimic
    • Prairie Mimic: The Land Institute Species • Wild Senna • Illinois bundleflower • Hybrid sorghum • Maximilian sunflower • Leymus racemosus • Tripsacum dactyloides
    • Silvopasture: Red Pine, Cows, Grass
    • Silvopasture: Pigs & Nuts Species • Heritage-breed pigs • Pasture grass & legume mix • Black walnut, butternut, heartnut, chestnut, hickory, northern pecan, oak
    • Silvopasture: Pigs & Nuts Polyface Farm
    • Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors
    • Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors Polyface Farm
    • Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors Stone Barns Center
    • Aquaculture: Tilapia / Tropics CH_CS_fish1 Cascade Systems Wadenswil Agriculture Research Station, Switzerland Photo: Ethan Roland
    • Tilapia 94
    • CH_CS_waterflow Photo: Ethan Roland
    • Aquaponics CH_CS_parsley Tomatoes Parsley Photo: Ethan Roland
    • CH_CS_papaya
    • CH_CS_banana
    • Landscape Production Pattern Polyculture • Vegetable Blocks • Salad Hedge • Berry Blocks • Mini-thickets • Orchard / Forest Garden • Uncommon orchard • Alley cropping • Fruit trees & animals • Agroforestry • Pancake polyculture • Windbreaks • Korean nut pine • Prarie mimic • Land Institute • Silvopasture • Pigs & nuts • Rotational Grazing • Animal tractor • Aquaculture • Tilapia/tropics
    • Permaculture for Farmers
    • Eco-Ag Design Tool
    • Next Steps • Permaculture Track @ NOFA-SC • Northeastern Permaculture Wiki: • www.nepc.wikispaces.com • Permaculture Design Course • Consulting w/ Benneth & Ethan
    • Questions? Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture
    • Permaculture for Farmers Ecological Production by Design Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture Regenerative Apios Design Group Institute