Permaculture for Farmers v3: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures
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Permaculture for Farmers: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures. Presented at the 2010 Northeast Organic Farming Association Conference by Ethan Roland and Benneth Phelps - read more and donwload resources at ...

Permaculture for Farmers: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures. Presented at the 2010 Northeast Organic Farming Association Conference by Ethan Roland and Benneth Phelps - read more and donwload resources at http://www.appleseedpermaculture.com/blog

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Permaculture for Farmers v3: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Permaculture for Farmers Ecological Production by Design Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture Terra Genesis Apios International Institute
  • 2. Permaculture for Farmers
  • 3. Permaculture Design • Definition - Ethics - Principles
  • 4. The Permaculture Pie biochar/ bioremediation terra preta composting & aquaculture food forestry compost tea coppice perennial woodcrafts vegetables & biomass apiculture keyline mycoscaping management- alternative intensive grazing currencies edible forest earthworks gardening natural building green architecture
  • 5. • ]
  • 6. Design Tools • Zones of Use • Sector Analysis • Keyline Design
  • 7. Zones of Use
  • 8. Camp
  • 9. Zone 1
  • 10. Zone 1 Zone 2
  • 11. Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3
  • 12. Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4
  • 13. Sector Analysis
  • 14. Sector Thinking: Windbreaks
  • 15. Sector Thinking: Windbreaks Zone 1
  • 16. Keyline Design
  • 17. Keyline: Catch+store Catch and Store Energy Source: Permaculture: A Designers Manual
  • 18. Yobarnie
  • 19. Keyline Plow
  • 20. Keyline Design Sunday 1:00pm - Campus Center 804-08 Carbon Farmers of America
  • 21. Permaculture for Farmers
  • 22. Crop Design Process
  • 23. Crop Design Process
  • 24. Key Concepts " A geographic group of site-level ecosystems." -Bailey, 1998 "The growing of more than species or crop in the same space at the same time" -Jacke & Toensmeier, 2005
  • 25. Main Crops • Annuals (Starting and Managing a CSA with Permaculture Principles, Sunday 8:00am Campus center 803) • Perennials • Berries • Orchard fruits • Nuts • Animals (fish, fowl, ruminants) • Fungi
  • 26. Perennial Vegetables • Permaculture Principle: Least effort for large effect • Plants w/ a 3-3000+ year lifespan • Not destroyed by harvesting •
  • 27. Perennial Vegetables LOW MAINTENANCE • Only plant once • Years of harvests • No digging or tilling • Resist pests, weeds, drought • Extend harvest season • Excellent yield/time Slide: Eric Toensmeier
  • 28. Some (More) Common Perennial Vegetables Nettle Asparagus Rhubarb French sorrel Urtica dioica Asparagus Rheum x cultorum Rumex acetosa officinalis Slide: Eric Toensmeier
  • 29. Sea Kale (Crambe maritima)
  • 30. Multiplier Onion (Allium cepa-aggregatum) • Shallot, walking onion, chive, garlic chives
  • 31. Skirret (Sium sisarum)
  • 32. Climbing Spinach (Hablitzia tamnoides)
  • 33. Climbing Spinach (Hablitzia tamnoides) Go see Jonathan @ Food Forest Farm Tent!
  • 34. Berries
  • 35. Currants (Ribes spp.)
  • 36. Juneberry (Amelanchier spp.)
  • 37. Orchard Fruits
  • 38. Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
  • 39. Mulberry – Morus spp.
  • 40. Pears (Pyrus spp.) 42
  • 41. Nuts
  • 42. Chestnut
  • 43. Pine Nut
  • 44. Hazelnut (Corylus spp.)
  • 45. Hazelnut (Corylus spp.)
  • 46. Animals
  • 47. Pigs
  • 48. Pigs
  • 49. Chickens
  • 50. Fungi
  • 51. Winecap Strophaia
  • 52. Shitake Oyster
  • 53. Support Crops Types Functions • Trees • Biomass • Shrubs • Accumulators • Groundcovers • Insectaries
  • 54. Trees
  • 55. Black & Honey Locust
  • 56. Grey & Italian Alder
  • 57. Grey & Italian Alder
  • 58. Willow
  • 59. Shrubs
  • 60. Pea Shrub
  • 61. Seaberry (Hippophae rhamnoides)
  • 62. Goumi
  • 63. Groundcovers
  • 64. Trefoil(s)
  • 65. Comfrey(s)
  • 66. Comfrey(s)
  • 67. Insectaries
  • 68. Landscape Pattern: Production Polyculture Species • Plants, animals, fungi
  • 69. Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge Species • Fresh eating: Linden, mulberry, sassafrass; saltbush, carolina silverbell • Cooked: Goji, fragrant spring tree, pea shrub
  • 70. Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge
  • 71. Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge
  • 72. Orchard/Forest Garden: Uncommon Fruit Orchard Pawpaw Asian Pear Hazelnut
  • 73. Orchard/Forest Garden: Uncommon Fruit Orchard Comfrey, chive, sorrel, anise hyssop, and chicory groundcover
  • 74. MOFGA Fairgrounds, Unity, ME Alley Cropping: Fruit trees & annuals
  • 75. Alley Cropping: Fruit trees & annuals • Apples, plums, pears • Pea shrub, grass, clover • Sweet peppers, kale
  • 76. Windbreak: Nut Pines
  • 77. Windbreak: Nut Pines & Fruit
  • 78. Agroforestry: Pancake Polyculture Birch Black Walnut Sugar Understory Maple Fruits: Black raspberry, Oak Red currant, Black currant Chestnut Pawpaw 83
  • 79. Agroforestry: Kazakh Mimic
  • 80. Agroforestry: Kazakh Mimic
  • 81. Prairie Mimic: The Land Institute Species • Wild Senna • Illinois bundleflower • Hybrid sorghum • Maximilian sunflower • Leymus racemosus • Tripsacum dactyloides
  • 82. Silvopasture: Red Pine, Cows, Grass
  • 83. Silvopasture: Pigs & Nuts Species • Heritage-breed pigs • Pasture grass & legume mix • Black walnut, butternut, heartnut, chestnut, hickory, northern pecan, oak
  • 84. Silvopasture: Pigs & Nuts Polyface Farm
  • 85. Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors
  • 86. Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors Polyface Farm
  • 87. Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors Stone Barns Center
  • 88. Aquaculture: Tilapia / Tropics CH_CS_fish1 Cascade Systems Wadenswil Agriculture Research Station, Switzerland Photo: Ethan Roland
  • 89. Tilapia 94
  • 90. CH_CS_waterflow Photo: Ethan Roland
  • 91. Aquaponics CH_CS_parsley Tomatoes Parsley Photo: Ethan Roland
  • 92. CH_CS_papaya
  • 93. CH_CS_banana
  • 94. Landscape Production Pattern Polyculture • Vegetable Blocks • Salad Hedge • Berry Blocks • Mini-thickets • Orchard / Forest Garden • Uncommon orchard • Alley cropping • Fruit trees & animals • Agroforestry • Pancake polyculture • Windbreaks • Korean nut pine • Prarie mimic • Land Institute • Silvopasture • Pigs & nuts • Rotational Grazing • Animal tractor • Aquaculture • Tilapia/tropics
  • 95. Permaculture for Farmers
  • 96. Eco-Ag Design Tool
  • 97. Next Steps • Permaculture Track @ NOFA-SC • Northeastern Permaculture Wiki: • www.nepc.wikispaces.com • Permaculture Design Course • Consulting w/ Benneth & Ethan
  • 98. Questions? Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture
  • 99. Permaculture for Farmers Ecological Production by Design Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture Regenerative Apios Design Group Institute