Permaculture for Farmers v3: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures

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Permaculture for Farmers: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures. Presented at the 2010 Northeast Organic Farming Association Conference by Ethan Roland and Benneth Phelps - read more and donwload resources at http://www.appleseedpermaculture.com/blog

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Permaculture for Farmers v3: Crops, Patterns, Polycultures

  1. 1. Permaculture for Farmers Ecological Production by Design Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture Terra Genesis Apios International Institute
  2. 2. Permaculture for Farmers
  3. 3. Permaculture Design • Definition - Ethics - Principles
  4. 4. The Permaculture Pie biochar/ bioremediation terra preta composting & aquaculture food forestry compost tea coppice perennial woodcrafts vegetables & biomass apiculture keyline mycoscaping management- alternative intensive grazing currencies edible forest earthworks gardening natural building green architecture
  5. 5. • ]
  6. 6. Design Tools • Zones of Use • Sector Analysis • Keyline Design
  7. 7. Zones of Use
  8. 8. Camp
  9. 9. Zone 1
  10. 10. Zone 1 Zone 2
  11. 11. Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3
  12. 12. Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4
  13. 13. Sector Analysis
  14. 14. Sector Thinking: Windbreaks
  15. 15. Sector Thinking: Windbreaks Zone 1
  16. 16. Keyline Design
  17. 17. Keyline: Catch+store Catch and Store Energy Source: Permaculture: A Designers Manual
  18. 18. Yobarnie
  19. 19. Keyline Plow
  20. 20. Keyline Design Sunday 1:00pm - Campus Center 804-08 Carbon Farmers of America
  21. 21. Permaculture for Farmers
  22. 22. Crop Design Process
  23. 23. Crop Design Process
  24. 24. Key Concepts " A geographic group of site-level ecosystems." -Bailey, 1998 "The growing of more than species or crop in the same space at the same time" -Jacke & Toensmeier, 2005
  25. 25. Main Crops • Annuals (Starting and Managing a CSA with Permaculture Principles, Sunday 8:00am Campus center 803) • Perennials • Berries • Orchard fruits • Nuts • Animals (fish, fowl, ruminants) • Fungi
  26. 26. Perennial Vegetables • Permaculture Principle: Least effort for large effect • Plants w/ a 3-3000+ year lifespan • Not destroyed by harvesting •
  27. 27. Perennial Vegetables LOW MAINTENANCE • Only plant once • Years of harvests • No digging or tilling • Resist pests, weeds, drought • Extend harvest season • Excellent yield/time Slide: Eric Toensmeier
  28. 28. Some (More) Common Perennial Vegetables Nettle Asparagus Rhubarb French sorrel Urtica dioica Asparagus Rheum x cultorum Rumex acetosa officinalis Slide: Eric Toensmeier
  29. 29. Sea Kale (Crambe maritima)
  30. 30. Multiplier Onion (Allium cepa-aggregatum) • Shallot, walking onion, chive, garlic chives
  31. 31. Skirret (Sium sisarum)
  32. 32. Climbing Spinach (Hablitzia tamnoides)
  33. 33. Climbing Spinach (Hablitzia tamnoides) Go see Jonathan @ Food Forest Farm Tent!
  34. 34. Berries
  35. 35. Currants (Ribes spp.)
  36. 36. Juneberry (Amelanchier spp.)
  37. 37. Orchard Fruits
  38. 38. Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
  39. 39. Mulberry – Morus spp.
  40. 40. Pears (Pyrus spp.) 42
  41. 41. Nuts
  42. 42. Chestnut
  43. 43. Pine Nut
  44. 44. Hazelnut (Corylus spp.)
  45. 45. Hazelnut (Corylus spp.)
  46. 46. Animals
  47. 47. Pigs
  48. 48. Pigs
  49. 49. Chickens
  50. 50. Fungi
  51. 51. Winecap Strophaia
  52. 52. Shitake Oyster
  53. 53. Support Crops Types Functions • Trees • Biomass • Shrubs • Accumulators • Groundcovers • Insectaries
  54. 54. Trees
  55. 55. Black & Honey Locust
  56. 56. Grey & Italian Alder
  57. 57. Grey & Italian Alder
  58. 58. Willow
  59. 59. Shrubs
  60. 60. Pea Shrub
  61. 61. Seaberry (Hippophae rhamnoides)
  62. 62. Goumi
  63. 63. Groundcovers
  64. 64. Trefoil(s)
  65. 65. Comfrey(s)
  66. 66. Comfrey(s)
  67. 67. Insectaries
  68. 68. Landscape Pattern: Production Polyculture Species • Plants, animals, fungi
  69. 69. Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge Species • Fresh eating: Linden, mulberry, sassafrass; saltbush, carolina silverbell • Cooked: Goji, fragrant spring tree, pea shrub
  70. 70. Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge
  71. 71. Vegetable Block: Salad Hedge
  72. 72. Orchard/Forest Garden: Uncommon Fruit Orchard Pawpaw Asian Pear Hazelnut
  73. 73. Orchard/Forest Garden: Uncommon Fruit Orchard Comfrey, chive, sorrel, anise hyssop, and chicory groundcover
  74. 74. MOFGA Fairgrounds, Unity, ME Alley Cropping: Fruit trees & annuals
  75. 75. Alley Cropping: Fruit trees & annuals • Apples, plums, pears • Pea shrub, grass, clover • Sweet peppers, kale
  76. 76. Windbreak: Nut Pines
  77. 77. Windbreak: Nut Pines & Fruit
  78. 78. Agroforestry: Pancake Polyculture Birch Black Walnut Sugar Understory Maple Fruits: Black raspberry, Oak Red currant, Black currant Chestnut Pawpaw 83
  79. 79. Agroforestry: Kazakh Mimic
  80. 80. Agroforestry: Kazakh Mimic
  81. 81. Prairie Mimic: The Land Institute Species • Wild Senna • Illinois bundleflower • Hybrid sorghum • Maximilian sunflower • Leymus racemosus • Tripsacum dactyloides
  82. 82. Silvopasture: Red Pine, Cows, Grass
  83. 83. Silvopasture: Pigs & Nuts Species • Heritage-breed pigs • Pasture grass & legume mix • Black walnut, butternut, heartnut, chestnut, hickory, northern pecan, oak
  84. 84. Silvopasture: Pigs & Nuts Polyface Farm
  85. 85. Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors
  86. 86. Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors Polyface Farm
  87. 87. Rotational Grazing: Animal Tractors Stone Barns Center
  88. 88. Aquaculture: Tilapia / Tropics CH_CS_fish1 Cascade Systems Wadenswil Agriculture Research Station, Switzerland Photo: Ethan Roland
  89. 89. Tilapia 94
  90. 90. CH_CS_waterflow Photo: Ethan Roland
  91. 91. Aquaponics CH_CS_parsley Tomatoes Parsley Photo: Ethan Roland
  92. 92. CH_CS_papaya
  93. 93. CH_CS_banana
  94. 94. Landscape Production Pattern Polyculture • Vegetable Blocks • Salad Hedge • Berry Blocks • Mini-thickets • Orchard / Forest Garden • Uncommon orchard • Alley cropping • Fruit trees & animals • Agroforestry • Pancake polyculture • Windbreaks • Korean nut pine • Prarie mimic • Land Institute • Silvopasture • Pigs & nuts • Rotational Grazing • Animal tractor • Aquaculture • Tilapia/tropics
  95. 95. Permaculture for Farmers
  96. 96. Eco-Ag Design Tool
  97. 97. Next Steps • Permaculture Track @ NOFA-SC • Northeastern Permaculture Wiki: • www.nepc.wikispaces.com • Permaculture Design Course • Consulting w/ Benneth & Ethan
  98. 98. Questions? Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture
  99. 99. Permaculture for Farmers Ecological Production by Design Benneth G. Phelps, Mosaic Farm Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture Regenerative Apios Design Group Institute

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