NATURAL FARMINGA low-input, high-yield, nature-healing way of growing food.
Chinmay Soman
SCALE AND COMPLEXITY Energy is captured most efficiently on the smallest scale  Complex biological systems are stable and ...
TOWARDS ‘NATURAL’A natural farm   Is a complex, self-regulating, designed ecosystem.   Contains a large variety of interde...
ORIGINSNatural Farming  Masanobu Fukuoka     Japanese plant pathologist     “How about not doing this?     How about not d...
NATURAL FARMING         When you get right down to it, there are few        agricultural practices that are really necessa...
NO TILLINGSaves labor, energy, and timePrevents nutrient leeching andsoil erosionReduced CO2 and NOx emissionsWeeds can’t ...
NUTRIENT REPLENISHMENTConventional farmingcontinuously removesnutrients from the soilPermanent ground cover ofwhite clover...
BROADCAST SEEDINGSowing protects seeds frombirds etc.Cover crop and strawprovide protection - seedscan be simply broadcast...
CONTROL LIFE WITH LIFEMonoculture has many unoccupied nicheswhere weeds and insects thriveInsecticides kill natural predat...
OTHER TECHNIQUESSummer rice/Winter wheatsystemCrop rotation to furtherreplenish soil nutrientsNo pruning of fruit treesOrc...
PERFORMANCEFukuoka consistently got yields equal or better than those onchemical farms.Natural farming has been adapted an...
PERMACULTURE   Permaculture design is a method of assembling conceptual,material, and strategic components in a pattern wh...
DESIGN PRINCIPLES  Goals                Cycles  Observation          Connections  Resources            Diversity  Patterns...
UTILIZING RESOURCES                 Small earthworks to trap and                 store water                 Fertility is ...
OCCUPYING ALL NICHES          Chinmay Soman
THE ZONE SYSTEM0       The Home                1         Vegetables Garden2    Orchard, Beehives          3         Commer...
PERFORMANCEHas been demonstrated in all climatesIncreasingly popular sustainable land use methodPermaculture Centers are b...
WHY STILL UNPOPULAR?InertiaCommercial force behind input-heavy traditional methodsEschews reductionism - not popular acade...
Perhaps we cannot raise the winds. But each of us can put up the sail, so that when the        wind comes we can catch it....
CREDITSChinmay Soman has created this                      The following people created thepresentation in iWork ’09, and ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Natural Farming: An introduction to the principles of natural farming and permaculture

3,745 views

Published on

Natural Farming: An introduction to the principles of natural farming and permaculture

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
1 Comment
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • i like the site ...packed with lot of perma info
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,745
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
589
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
161
Comments
1
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Natural Farming: An introduction to the principles of natural farming and permaculture

  1. 1. NATURAL FARMINGA low-input, high-yield, nature-healing way of growing food.
  2. 2. Chinmay Soman
  3. 3. SCALE AND COMPLEXITY Energy is captured most efficiently on the smallest scale Complex biological systems are stable and productive Chinmay Soman
  4. 4. TOWARDS ‘NATURAL’A natural farm Is a complex, self-regulating, designed ecosystem. Contains a large variety of interdependent plants, animals, insects, birds and microorganisms Requires no chemical inputs and minimal physical intervention Utilizes and enriches local natural resources Produces high yields with minimal inputs Chinmay Soman
  5. 5. ORIGINSNatural Farming Masanobu Fukuoka Japanese plant pathologist “How about not doing this? How about not doing that?” Developed during 1945-1975Permaculture Bill Mollison Australian naturalist Design “food forests” with interacting components Developed during the ‘70s Chinmay Soman
  6. 6. NATURAL FARMING When you get right down to it, there are few agricultural practices that are really necessary. The reason that mans improved techniques seem to be necessary is that the natural balance has been so badly upset beforehand by those same techniques and the land has become dependent on them. -Masanobu Fukuoka, in ‘The One Straw Revolution’No Tilling No Fertilizers No Sowing No Pesticides Chinmay Soman
  7. 7. NO TILLINGSaves labor, energy, and timePrevents nutrient leeching andsoil erosionReduced CO2 and NOx emissionsWeeds can’t take holdSoil is loosened, aerated andmixed by organismsPermanent ground coverimproves soil qualityHeavy equipment is avoided -the soil stays loose naturally Chinmay Soman
  8. 8. NUTRIENT REPLENISHMENTConventional farmingcontinuously removesnutrients from the soilPermanent ground cover ofwhite clover fixes nitrogenAll organic matter is returnedto the field to decomposenaturally (no activecomposting)Animal and bird manure isused as a supplement Chinmay Soman
  9. 9. BROADCAST SEEDINGSowing protects seeds frombirds etc.Cover crop and strawprovide protection - seedscan be simply broadcast byhand on the fieldFor extra protection, seedscan be enclosed in ‘SeedBalls’. (Red clay, compost,seeds, water) Chinmay Soman
  10. 10. CONTROL LIFE WITH LIFEMonoculture has many unoccupied nicheswhere weeds and insects thriveInsecticides kill natural predators, openingup more opportunities for insectpopulation explosionThe variety of plants (including a fewweeds) promote predator and fooddiversityThe absence of toxins enables naturalpredators to exist, and control insectpopulationGround cover and straw hold weeds incheckFungal infections are rare in the healthyecosystem Chinmay Soman
  11. 11. OTHER TECHNIQUESSummer rice/Winter wheatsystemCrop rotation to furtherreplenish soil nutrientsNo pruning of fruit treesOrchards also haveleguminous ground coverVegetables and shrubsunder trees Chinmay Soman
  12. 12. PERFORMANCEFukuoka consistently got yields equal or better than those onchemical farms.Natural farming has been adapted and practiced successfullyin various regions, including the temperate zone and thetropics.Due to the extremely low labor and capital requirements,profitability is much higher than conventional farming. Chinmay Soman
  13. 13. PERMACULTURE Permaculture design is a method of assembling conceptual,material, and strategic components in a pattern which functions to benefit life in all its forms. Each component should function in many ways, and serve the needs and accept the products of other components.The mature system should require the least possible maintenance, and should produce a net surplus of energy over its lifetime. - Bill Mollison, paraphrased from ‘Permaculture: A Designer’s Manual’ Chinmay Soman
  14. 14. DESIGN PRINCIPLES Goals Cycles Observation Connections Resources Diversity Patterns Stability Chinmay Soman
  15. 15. UTILIZING RESOURCES Small earthworks to trap and store water Fertility is in the biomass, not in the soil ‘Weed’ plants continuously mulched to provide nutrients A variety of plants to occupy all niches and harvest maximum sunlight Small animals control pests, provide fertilizers, and produce extra food Chinmay Soman
  16. 16. OCCUPYING ALL NICHES Chinmay Soman
  17. 17. THE ZONE SYSTEM0 The Home 1 Vegetables Garden2 Orchard, Beehives 3 Commercial Crop4 Semi Wild, Foraging 5 Wilderness Chinmay Soman
  18. 18. PERFORMANCEHas been demonstrated in all climatesIncreasingly popular sustainable land use methodPermaculture Centers are being established all over theworld to train more peopleAcademic and quantitative reports are required Chinmay Soman
  19. 19. WHY STILL UNPOPULAR?InertiaCommercial force behind input-heavy traditional methodsEschews reductionism - not popular academicallyRequires experimentation to optimize for local conditionsNon-control Chinmay Soman
  20. 20. Perhaps we cannot raise the winds. But each of us can put up the sail, so that when the wind comes we can catch it. E. F. Schumacher Small Is Beautiful Chinmay Soman
  21. 21. CREDITSChinmay Soman has created this The following people created thepresentation in iWork ’09, and released Creative Commons licensed photos/it under a Creative Commons graphics used in this presentation:Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike Slide 1: Permaculture Research Institute, DreamingKayaker3.0 Unported License. This means that Slide 2: Hideyuki Kamon, Andrea Bellamy, Youthkeeyou are free to use and adapt Slide 3: Gene Wilburn, IRRI, Björn Hermans, Autancomponents of this presentation for Slide 5: Permaculture Research Institutenoncommercial purposes, but are Slide 7: Ecoagriculture Partnersrequired to release resulting work with a Slide 8: Hideyuki Kamon, Kasper Manzsimilar license, as well as attribute the Slide 9: Andrea Bellamycomponents used to this author. The Slide 10: Parrhesiastes, Jeff DelViscio, Youthkee,original work is available by request. Stavros Markopoulos Slide 11: DreamingKayakerFor more resources and current Slide 14: Permaculture Research Instituteinformation, visit the blog at Slide 15: Graham Burnett (via Wikimedia Commons)sustainable-farming.blogspot.com Slide 16: Cecilia Macaulay Chinmay Soman

×