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Carbon Farming
Permaculture for Farmers 201

                                                                      NOFA Ma...
GAIA UNIVERSITY
  NORTHEAST
    www.gaianortheast.org
Carbon Farming
    Concepts


     Tools


   Incentives
Carbon Farming
    Concepts
Climate:

Change?

 Chaos?

Sunspots?
Earth Breathing
(The Earth Breathing)
Where does carbon go?
Where does carbon go?

•   Sugars
Where does carbon go?

•   Sugars

•   Soil
Where does carbon go?

•   Sugars

•   Soil

•   Soil Foodweb
Where does carbon go?

•   Sugars

•   Soil

•   Soil Foodweb

•   Humic Acid
Where does carbon go?

•   Sugars

•   Soil

•   Soil Foodweb

•   Humic Acid

•   %OM
Permaculture
Permaculture:
  the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive
ecosystems which have the diversity, sta...
Permaculture:
the harmonious integration of landscape and people, providing their
food, energy, shelter, and other materia...
Permaculture:
meeting human needs while
increasing ecosystem health
The Permaculture Pie
                                                 biochar/
                           bioremediation  ...
Carbon Farming
    Concepts
Carbon Farming
    Concepts


     Tools
Carbon Farming
    Concepts


     Tools
Carbon Farming
RBON
            Concepts
RMING

             Tools
Carbon Farming Course
Holistic Management
www.holisticmanagement.org
8 years later
Keyline Design
Keyline:   Catch+store
Catch
and
Store
Energy




                     Source:  Permaculture:
                         A D...
Yobarnie
Yobarnie, 2007


Yobarnie,
Layout,
1988




            Source: Permaculture:
              A Designers Manual
Keyline Plow
Coulter, Tip, Shank
seeding
Yeomans Keyline Plow – Plowing for Rapid & Cheap Soil Development (Pasture)



                                           ...
Keyline Pattern
[DD keyline design]
LittleSeed CSA
  Chatham, NY
3-Shank Plow
Shank & Weed-Knives
Carbon Farmers of America
Cimarron Farm
   Swanton,VT
5-Shank Plow
Italian Ryegrass
www.carbonfarmersofamerica.com
Rodale Whitepaper

• A 40% reduction of global carbon emissions
  is possible with a switch to regenerative
  organic agri...
Rodale Institute
Regenerative Organic Farming: A Solution to Global Warming

•   A 40% reduction of global carbon emission...
Carbon
Farming

•   August 25 -
    September 16th.

•   The Farm,
    Summertown, TN
Carbon
Farming
•   August 25 -
    September 16th.

•   The Farm,
    Summertown, TN

•   Next one in
    Hudson Valley?
Regenerative Earthworks
Food Forestry
Food Forestry




                52
53
54
55
Seaberry
Hardy Kiwi
Pawpaw
Soil Foodweb
Dr. Elaine Ingham




   www.soilfoodweb.com
Composting
Composting
Stone barns 01
Stone barns 02
Aerated Compost Tea
Aerated Compost Tea
Big tea
Broadacre Permaculture
Macedonia
‐
Design




                     Photo: Andrew Jones
Permaculture Design
Carbon
Farming

Next one
in the
northreast?
Carbon Farming
    Concepts


     Tools
Carbon Farming
    Concepts


     Tools


   Incentives
Incentives
Incentives
Incentives



•   abundant fruits/veggies
Incentives
Carbon Markets


        ACX,
        ECX,
        CCX,
        RGGI,
       CaCX...

         CFX
Carbon Futures Exchange
Carbon Markets


        ACX,
        ECX,
        CCX,
        RGGI,
       CaCX...

         CFX
Carbon Futures Exchange
Carbon Markets


  •   The details of how a particular
      carbon-capture project must be:

      •   Designed

      • ...
Barriers to Small Farmers
•   Scale

•   Project planning complexity

•   Monitoring, evaluation, verification
Barriers to Small Farmers
•   Scale

•   Project planning complexity

•   Monitoring, evaluation, verification
Barriers to Small Farmers
•   Scale

•   Project planning complexity

•   Monitoring, evaluation, verification
Barriers to Small Farmers
•   Scale

•   Project planning complexity

•   Monitoring, evaluation, verification


•   “Addit...
A Solution: Aggregators (?)

  •   Aggregators gather together carbon-capture
      projects and trade them on the markets...
North Dakota Farmers Union
       Carbon Credit Program




“The goal of the National Farmers Union Carbon Credit Program
...
Challenges
Challenges

•   Middle people = less to farmers.
Challenges

•   Middle people = less to farmers.

•   To become an aggregator, an organization or
    company must have $1...
Challenges

•   Middle people = less to farmers.

•   To become an aggregator, an organization or
    company must have $1...
Challenges

•   Middle people = less to farmers.

•   To become an aggregator, an organization or
    company must have $1...
Copenhagen
Copenhagen

“The climate change accord reached at
the Copenhagen summit is a good
outcome but is inadequate to combat
glob...
Copenhagen

“The climate change accord reached at
the Copenhagen summit is a good
outcome but is inadequate to combat
glob...
Copenhagen

“It is now evident that beating global
warming will require a radically different
model of politics than the o...
Copenhagen

“It is now evident that beating global
warming will require a radically different
model of politics than the o...
Copenhagen

“Many shrug off events in Copenhagen
on the grounds that national, regional
and local regulations are the main...
Copenhagen

“Many shrug off events in Copenhagen
on the grounds that national, regional
and local regulations are the main...
Local Carbon Markets
Local Carbon Markets

Farmers          People
Local Carbon Markets

Farmers                  People




            Support
          Organization
Local Carbon Markets


•   Market price:       $0.10        EU 14.0

•   Aggregator price:           ?

•   Consumer price...
Local Carbon Markets

Design Brainstorm in pairs:




               What would it take?
Incentives
Incentives
Incentives



•   abundant fruits/veggies
Incentives
Carbon Farming
Permaculture for Farmers 201

                                                                      NOFA Ma...
GAIA UNIVERSITY
  NORTHEAST
    www.gaianortheast.org
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets
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Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets

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The potential of regenerative agriculture for global climate regulation. Farming approaches, market potential, local carbon markets. Read more at www.regenerativedesigns.wordpress.com

Published in: Economy & Finance, Technology

Carbon Farming: Concepts, Tools & Markets

  1. 1. Carbon Farming Permaculture for Farmers 201 NOFA Mass 2010 Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture LLC With Gratitude to Mary Johnson, Darren Doherty, Elaine Ingham, Joel Salatin, and the rest of the Carbon Farming Course trainers. Regenerative Apios Design Group Institute
  2. 2. GAIA UNIVERSITY NORTHEAST www.gaianortheast.org
  3. 3. Carbon Farming Concepts Tools Incentives
  4. 4. Carbon Farming Concepts
  5. 5. Climate: Change? Chaos? Sunspots?
  6. 6. Earth Breathing
  7. 7. (The Earth Breathing)
  8. 8. Where does carbon go?
  9. 9. Where does carbon go? • Sugars
  10. 10. Where does carbon go? • Sugars • Soil
  11. 11. Where does carbon go? • Sugars • Soil • Soil Foodweb
  12. 12. Where does carbon go? • Sugars • Soil • Soil Foodweb • Humic Acid
  13. 13. Where does carbon go? • Sugars • Soil • Soil Foodweb • Humic Acid • %OM
  14. 14. Permaculture
  15. 15. Permaculture: the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems.
  16. 16. Permaculture: the harmonious integration of landscape and people, providing their food, energy, shelter, and other material and non-material needs, in a sustainable way
  17. 17. Permaculture: meeting human needs while increasing ecosystem health
  18. 18. The Permaculture Pie biochar/ bioremediation terra preta composting & aquaculture food forestry compost tea coppice perennial woodcrafts vegetables & biomass apiculture keyline mycoscaping management- alternative intensive grazing currencies edible forest earthworks gardening natural building green architecture
  19. 19. Carbon Farming Concepts
  20. 20. Carbon Farming Concepts Tools
  21. 21. Carbon Farming Concepts Tools
  22. 22. Carbon Farming RBON Concepts RMING Tools
  23. 23. Carbon Farming Course
  24. 24. Holistic Management
  25. 25. www.holisticmanagement.org
  26. 26. 8 years later
  27. 27. Keyline Design
  28. 28. Keyline: Catch+store Catch and Store Energy Source: Permaculture: A Designers Manual
  29. 29. Yobarnie
  30. 30. Yobarnie, 2007 Yobarnie, Layout, 1988 Source: Permaculture: A Designers Manual
  31. 31. Keyline Plow
  32. 32. Coulter, Tip, Shank
  33. 33. seeding
  34. 34. Yeomans Keyline Plow – Plowing for Rapid & Cheap Soil Development (Pasture) Soil conditioning Existing Condition: Shallow, Compacted, Drought-Prone Topsoil 1. Soil Test & Remineralise 2. Plow to 2” below hard pan 3. Remove stock for 4-6 weeks 4. Just at onset of flowering: Hard graze to 2-4” 1. Plow to 2” below new root depth 2. Remove stock for 4-6 weeks 3. Just at onset of flowering: Hard graze to 2-4” 1. Plow to 2” below new root depth: Max out at 12-15” 2. Remove stock for 4-6 weeks 3. Just at onset of flowering: Hard graze to 2-4” And Another Thing: 1% increase in Organic Matter = 63 ton/ac capture in Atmospheric CO2 ! (That’s twice your total annual emissions)
  35. 35. Keyline Pattern
  36. 36. [DD keyline design]
  37. 37. LittleSeed CSA Chatham, NY
  38. 38. 3-Shank Plow
  39. 39. Shank & Weed-Knives
  40. 40. Carbon Farmers of America
  41. 41. Cimarron Farm Swanton,VT
  42. 42. 5-Shank Plow
  43. 43. Italian Ryegrass
  44. 44. www.carbonfarmersofamerica.com
  45. 45. Rodale Whitepaper • A 40% reduction of global carbon emissions is possible with a switch to regenerative organic agricultural practices on the world’s 3.5 billion tillable acres. • Agriculture contributes 20% of Carbon emissions in the US, and 12% worldwide
  46. 46. Rodale Institute Regenerative Organic Farming: A Solution to Global Warming • A 40% reduction of global carbon emissions is possible with a switch to regenerative organic agricultural practices on the world’s 3.5 billion tillable acres. • Agriculture contributes 20% of Carbon emissions in the US, and 12% worldwide • Soil holds twice as much carbon as terrestrial vegetation • Midwestern soils that in the 1950s were composed of up to 20 percent carbon are now between 1- and 2-percent carbon. • Forests and grasslands generally are 6 to 10 percent organic matter, well over the 1- to 3-percent levels typical of today’s agricultural field systems. • Because soil organic matter is primarily carbon, increases in these levels will be directly correlated with carbon sequestration. While prevailing farming practices using synthetic inputs typically deplete SOM, regenerative farming practices, including the integration of crop and animal production, build it.
  47. 47. Carbon Farming • August 25 - September 16th. • The Farm, Summertown, TN
  48. 48. Carbon Farming • August 25 - September 16th. • The Farm, Summertown, TN • Next one in Hudson Valley?
  49. 49. Regenerative Earthworks
  50. 50. Food Forestry
  51. 51. Food Forestry 52
  52. 52. 53
  53. 53. 54
  54. 54. 55
  55. 55. Seaberry
  56. 56. Hardy Kiwi
  57. 57. Pawpaw
  58. 58. Soil Foodweb
  59. 59. Dr. Elaine Ingham www.soilfoodweb.com
  60. 60. Composting
  61. 61. Composting
  62. 62. Stone barns 01
  63. 63. Stone barns 02
  64. 64. Aerated Compost Tea
  65. 65. Aerated Compost Tea
  66. 66. Big tea
  67. 67. Broadacre Permaculture
  68. 68. Macedonia
‐
Design Photo: Andrew Jones
  69. 69. Permaculture Design
  70. 70. Carbon Farming Next one in the northreast?
  71. 71. Carbon Farming Concepts Tools
  72. 72. Carbon Farming Concepts Tools Incentives
  73. 73. Incentives
  74. 74. Incentives
  75. 75. Incentives • abundant fruits/veggies
  76. 76. Incentives
  77. 77. Carbon Markets ACX, ECX, CCX, RGGI, CaCX... CFX Carbon Futures Exchange
  78. 78. Carbon Markets ACX, ECX, CCX, RGGI, CaCX... CFX Carbon Futures Exchange
  79. 79. Carbon Markets • The details of how a particular carbon-capture project must be: • Designed • Implemented • Monitored • Verified
  80. 80. Barriers to Small Farmers • Scale • Project planning complexity • Monitoring, evaluation, verification
  81. 81. Barriers to Small Farmers • Scale • Project planning complexity • Monitoring, evaluation, verification
  82. 82. Barriers to Small Farmers • Scale • Project planning complexity • Monitoring, evaluation, verification
  83. 83. Barriers to Small Farmers • Scale • Project planning complexity • Monitoring, evaluation, verification • “Additionality”
  84. 84. A Solution: Aggregators (?) • Aggregators gather together carbon-capture projects and trade them on the markets • Sector-focused (e.g. Agriculture, Energy) • Economy of scale • Reduced # of verifications List of All CCX Aggregators: www.chicagoclimatex.com/content.jsf?id=64
  85. 85. North Dakota Farmers Union Carbon Credit Program “The goal of the National Farmers Union Carbon Credit Program is to enhance the income of farmers and ranchers through economically successful and environmentally sound land management practices that reduce or offset carbon emissions.” http://carboncredit.ndfu.org/
  86. 86. Challenges
  87. 87. Challenges • Middle people = less to farmers.
  88. 88. Challenges • Middle people = less to farmers. • To become an aggregator, an organization or company must have $1 million in net worth, with $10 million in assets....
  89. 89. Challenges • Middle people = less to farmers. • To become an aggregator, an organization or company must have $1 million in net worth, with $10 million in assets.... • Tied to current global system.
  90. 90. Challenges • Middle people = less to farmers. • To become an aggregator, an organization or company must have $1 million in net worth, with $10 million in assets.... • Tied to current global system. • Non-local; non-accountable?
  91. 91. Copenhagen
  92. 92. Copenhagen “The climate change accord reached at the Copenhagen summit is a good outcome but is inadequate to combat global warming.” - R.K. Pachauri, head of the UN IPCC
  93. 93. Copenhagen “The climate change accord reached at the Copenhagen summit is a good outcome but is inadequate to combat global warming.” - R.K. Pachauri, head of the UN IPCC
  94. 94. Copenhagen “It is now evident that beating global warming will require a radically different model of politics than the one on display here in Copenhagen." -Alternet
  95. 95. Copenhagen “It is now evident that beating global warming will require a radically different model of politics than the one on display here in Copenhagen." -Alternet
  96. 96. Copenhagen “Many shrug off events in Copenhagen on the grounds that national, regional and local regulations are the main drivers of... investment, not international deals.” -The Economist
  97. 97. Copenhagen “Many shrug off events in Copenhagen on the grounds that national, regional and local regulations are the main drivers of... investment, not international deals.” -The Economist
  98. 98. Local Carbon Markets
  99. 99. Local Carbon Markets Farmers People
  100. 100. Local Carbon Markets Farmers People Support Organization
  101. 101. Local Carbon Markets • Market price: $0.10 EU 14.0 • Aggregator price: ? • Consumer price: $3.0 - 28.0
  102. 102. Local Carbon Markets Design Brainstorm in pairs: What would it take?
  103. 103. Incentives
  104. 104. Incentives
  105. 105. Incentives • abundant fruits/veggies
  106. 106. Incentives
  107. 107. Carbon Farming Permaculture for Farmers 201 NOFA Mass 2010 Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture LLC With Gratitude to Mary Johnson, Darren Doherty, Elaine Ingham, Joel Salatin, and the rest of the Carbon Farming Course trainers. Regenerative Apios Design Group Institute
  108. 108. GAIA UNIVERSITY NORTHEAST www.gaianortheast.org

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