Permaculture: Urban-Rural Regeneration

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Regenerative eco-social design! Talk given at UMass Amherst April 30th 2009.

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  • your edges?








  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that there will be 150 million environmental refugees by 2050. The Institute for Environment and Human Security, affiliated with United Nations University, estimated the number of environmental refugees at 20 million in 2005 and predicted the number could be 50 million as early as 2010.


    http://www.climatechangecorp.com/content.asp?contentid=5871














  • Regenerative







  • •
    The permaculture pie. All elements must be functionally interconnected.


    •
    Buildings must be living, functionally interconnected pieces of the whole system.


    •
    example: home - small scale


    •
    example: new low-rise. water catchment. rooftop forest gardens and aquaculture. aquaponics and farm-floors. local organic restaurant (forget foodmiles - let's talk foodfeet!). all waste treated on site with living machines. down to the next level of solar pumps.


    •
    example: Marbletown Green.


    •
    crazy? we need to push the edges of what's been done before. push the edges, but back to the center -- food, water, shelter, energy.









































































  • •there are 12 trillion acres of ag land in the world
    •producing a bit less than 730 lbs of food per acre
    •for about 4.5 trillion tons of food per year.
    •now, the Dervaes family in Pasadena CA, 1/5 acre lot, 1/10 ac growing space, they produce 6000lbs annualy.
    •that's 30 tons per acre annually.
    •at that rate, we could grow the current global food production on 150 million acres of land -- 1.2% of the current use.
    •
    •imagine if that 1/3 of global GHG emmisions produced by ag + land use changes were reduced to 1.2% of their current level?
    •and even further reduces the massive amount of CO2 released from transportation.
    •
    •so edible landscapes means, let's get real about meeting our basic needs, and put organic fod-producing ecosystems all around where we live and work. let's stop eating oil, and supporting the violence and ecological degradation of the multinational oil industry.
    •let's eat local! have you ever heard of the 100 mile food diet? forget the 100 mile diet! let's talk about the 100 foot diet.
    •plant a garden in your back yard - and - this may be a bit radical -- but in your front yard as well!
    •let's plant fruit trees in every vacant lot in every city like POP is doing - let's plant nut trees in the unused medians of every highway in the country - let's get our local governments supporting local farmers



  • The Colombian coffee farm is in trouble:

    • Dramatic drops in coffee prices beginning in the 80’s
    • Small farmers diversifying or dropping coffee all together.
    • Many convert their land to grazing ranges.
    • Another lucrative crop: illegal coca




    Only
    0.2%
    of the


    coffee plant ends up in


    your cup! This means


    that on a typical coffee


    farm,
    99.8%
    of the


    coffee plant ends up as


    “
    waste”
    !





    Research shows that shiitake mushrooms can be grown on coffee waste.
    • 100 kg of sawdust from coffee branches can be used to cultivate 75 kg of mushrooms.
    • The world market for mushrooms is larger than the
    world market for coffee (US $14 billion vs. US $12 billion in 1998)


























  • Do you enjoy being a designer? Are these useful skills? SHARE THEM






  • Permaculture: Urban-Rural Regeneration

    1. 1. Permaculture: Rural >>> Urban Integrative Eco-Social Design Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture With Gratitude to Geoff Lawton, Andrew Jones, and Rafter T. Sass Apios Regenerative Institute Design Group
    2. 2. Permaculture: Rural <<< Urban Integrative Eco-Social Design Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture With Gratitude to Geoff Lawton, Andrew Jones, and Rafter T. Sass Apios Regenerative Institute Design Group
    3. 3. Welcome
    4. 4. Wake Up
    5. 5. Peak Petroleum
    6. 6. Peak Petroleum quot;Energy experts no longer debate about whether Hubbert's peak will occur, but whenquot; - Fox News, April 28 2006 Global Peaks US Prices Source: Wikipedia
    7. 7. The Hirsch Report • World oil peaking is going to happen, and will likely be abrupt. • Oil peaking will adversely affect global economies, particularly those most dependent on oil. • Oil peaking presents a unique challenge (“it will be abrupt and revolutionary”). • Government intervention will be required, but economic upheaval is not inevitable.
    8. 8. Climate Chaos 50 million climate change refugees by 2010 - UN
    9. 9. The Guardian (UK) http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/ aug/06/climatechange.scienceofclimatechange James Randerson reports the 4ºC rise warning from UK’s chief scientific adviser Bob Watson
    10. 10. Food Insecurity “...an impending crisis of soaring food prices...” - UN/FAO ISFP
    11. 11. Climate 2004 Chaos
    12. 12. Hardiness Zones www.arborday.org Hardiness Zone
    13. 13. BioDevastation • Welcome to “6X”
    14. 14. BioDevastation • Welcome to “6X”
    15. 15. “Financial Turmoil” [From Chris Martenson, TheEndofMoney.com:] “Here's my very direct and simple thought: The US dollar is toast... quot;What exactly is the long- term direction of a currency that is backed by defective loans, unsaleable assets, and positions in failed companies?quot; “...the stage is now set for a major dollar collapse.”
    16. 16. What is Sustainable?
    17. 17. Permaculture: the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems.
    18. 18. Permaculture: the harmonious integration of landscape and people, providing their food, energy, shelter, and other material and non-material needs, in a sustainable way
    19. 19. Permaculture: meeting human needs while increasing ecosystem health
    20. 20. The Permaculture Pie biochar/ bioremediation terra preta aquaculture composting & food forestry compost tea coppice perennial woodcrafts vegetables & biomass apiculture mycoscaping keyline alternative management- currencies intensive grazing edible forest earthworks gardening natural building green architecture
    21. 21. Integrative Design
    22. 22. Permaculture Design = Integrative Design Ethics of Permaculture 1. Earth Care
    23. 23. Permaculture Design = Integrative Design Ethics of Permaculture 1. Earth Care 2. People Care
    24. 24. Permaculture Design = Integrative Design Ethics of Permaculture 1. Earth Care 2. People Care 3. Resource Share Developed in 1980’s, over 1,000,000 people certified, active in 140+ Countries, more than 4,000 projects on the ground
    25. 25. Permaculture Design = Integrative Design Ethics of Permaculture 1. Earth Care 2. People Care 3. Resource Share Developed in 1980’s, over 1,000,000 people certified, active in 140+ Countries, more than 4,000 projects on the ground
    26. 26. Permaculture Design = Integrative Design Ethics of Permaculture 1. Earth Care 2. People Care 3. Resource Share Developed in 1980’s, over 1,000,000 people certified, active in 140+ Countries, more than 4,000 projects on the ground
    27. 27. Permaculture Design = Integrative Design Ethics of Permaculture 1. Earth Care 2. People Care 3. Resource Share Developed in 1980’s, over 1,000,000 people certified, active in 140+ Countries, more than 4,000 projects on the ground
    28. 28. Permaculture Design = Integrative Design Ethics of Permaculture 1. Earth Care 2. People Care 3. Resource Share Developed in 1980’s, over 1,000,000 people certified, active in 140+ Countries, more than 4,000 projects on the ground
    29. 29. Permaculture in Action
    30. 30. Rural >>> Urban Camp Epworth & Ashokan Center
    31. 31. Camp Epworth
    32. 32. Food Production
    33. 33. Compost!
    34. 34. Superfoods
    35. 35. Hardy Kiwi: Vitamin C
    36. 36. Pawpaw
    37. 37. Ashokan Center
    38. 38. Urban >>> Rural
    39. 39. Urban Regeneration • Global Food Production • Industrial Ecology & ZERI • Site Repair & BioRemediation • Red Hook Community Farm • Philly Orchard Project • City Repair
    40. 40. ZERI
    41. 41. BioRemediation Image: Restorer Technology, 56 Ocean Arks International
    42. 42. 57
    43. 43. 62
    44. 44. 63
    45. 45. 64
    46. 46. 65
    47. 47. 66
    48. 48. Integrative Eco-Social Design • My Edges: • Radical Empowerment • Financial Permaculture (& Chocolate) • Cultural Regeneration
    49. 49. Next Steps • Now • Research, Advocate, Demonstrate! • Learn More: www.northeasternpermaculture.wikispaces.com • Sooner • Take a Permaculture Design Course with Living Routes @ Sirius Ecovillage July10-24, 2009 • Northeastern Permaculture Summer Gathering - July 4th Weekend in East Montpelier,VT • Later • Global Permaculture: www.permacultureacrossborders.org • www.permaculture.org.au
    50. 50. Permaculture: Rural >>> Urban Integrative Eco-Social Design Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture With Gratitude to Geoff Lawton, Andrew Jones, and Rafter T. Sass Apios Regenerative Institute Design Group
    51. 51. Permaculture: Rural <<< Urban Integrative Eco-Social Design Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture With Gratitude to Geoff Lawton, Andrew Jones, and Rafter T. Sass Apios Regenerative Institute Design Group

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