Gardening our way Home:toward abiologicalWay of Life
Local Food Insecurity• Results of a 2011 Gallup survey on FoodInsecurity in 100 US metropolitan areas:– 2010 Survey: Asheville metropolitanarea(Buncombe, Haywood, Henderson, MadisonCounties) - 7th worst in the nation!– 2011 survey - 3rd worst !!– One in 5 people (approx 106,000 People) in WNCis food insecure!!!!– NC 1st in local food insecurity in USA– 1 in 4 kids hungry in NC, 1 in 3 obese!– We source less than 5% of our food locally!
Gardens trump AgricultureGardens• 1 calorie in/40 calories out• High production efficiency• Minimal external inputs• Intensive space use• Diverse yields/stable• More nutritious foods• Supports local community• Unites• Human Scale• Distributes wealth and power• Restore and regenerateIndustrial Agriculture• 4-12 cal. in/1 cal. Out• Less efficient production• Maximum external inputs• Extensive space use• Monoculture/fragile• Questionable nutrition• Destroys local community• Separates• Corporate Scale• Concentrates wealth and power• Pollutes and degrades
Permaculture Design GoalsRestoration and regeneration of damagedlands, ecosystems, communities, culturesConservationof natural and cultural resources.Production: Whole system yields for all life.Systems care: Maintenance and managementacross generations.People care: Meeting peoples primary needs.Regeneration of our culture and our world.
Permaculture in the Garden• Build soil, plant plants, tend animals• Begin at the kitchen door and work outward on a controlledfront.• Overcome limiting factors.• Optimize use of space, fill the niches, stacking and packing.• Select for place and optimum nutrition: varietal selection• The art of placement: right plant, right place• Mixed perennial, annual, and animal production systems forcreating food poly-cultures.• Diverse yields over time. Year round production.• A place for animals and fish.
What do we eat?• Vegetables• Herbs and spices• Root Crops• Grains• Animals and animal products• Oils• Nuts• Fruits and berries• Mushrooms• Products of the above: ferments, sauces, canned anddried goods
Regional Staples– Sweet Potatoes– Potatoes– Onions– Beans– Corn– Pumpkin and Squash– Cabbage and greens– Eggs– Fruit, nuts, and berries– Wild Plants and Game– Small and large Livestock
Plugging the local nutritional food gaps• Oils: Nuts, Seeds, Animal Fats• Minerals: soil remineralization• Grains• Staples• Cultivate more specialized farm/orchardenterprises to close the loop/ fill the niches.
PRIMARY HOME PRODUCTIONVegetable GardensHerb GardensHome OrchardsVineyardsSmall LivestockAquaculture
WHAT WE CAN GROWAnimals: bees, fish, chickens, ducks, rabbits, quail, etc.VegetablesRoot cropsFruitsNutsBerriesGrapes and vinesHerbsMedicinal plantsMushroomsGrainsFlowersChildrenOurselves
SUPPORT ELEMENTSGreenhouseCold FramesRow CoversBiomass ProductionCompost and Worm BinsBeehivesLivestock Housing and YardsAquaculture Tanks and PondsWater Storage: Cisterns and PondsRoot CellarSolar CookerFood DryerOutdoor Kitchen
• Vegetables to the center;nuts, fruits, and berrieson the edges• For limited spaces,grow trees as shrubs• Speed succession.• Increase the productiveedges.• Alley cropping• Use vertical space –Grow up, not out!• Use shady spaces• Use slopes to advantagePermaculture Garden Strategies
Have fun. Savor thejourney toward anabundant future.Chuck Marshchuck@firstname.lastname@example.org
Zone PlanningPrinciple: Locate elements within the system for energyconservation and best use.Design Goal: local nutritious food for all. energy andresource conservation.Community scale zone planning:Zone 1. Urban Homestead: example and inspirationZone 2. Neighborhood gardens, orchards, vineyards,pharmacies, forests, urban farms.Zone 3. Public spaces: Abundant food for allZone 4. Local farms, orchards, vineyards, forestsZone 5. Regional farms, orchards, vineyards, forestsZone 6. Continental producersZone 7. Global producers
Relative locationPrinciple: Make connections between elements.Place elements in a system so that the needs ofone element are met by the yields of anotherelement within the system.Design Goals: Build and link local food and resourcenetworks. Plan stable and resilient foodproducing home and community landscapes.• Develop logistical and connecting strategies forbuilding local food systems.• Local community food and resource maps asorganizing tools.
RedundancyPrinciple: Design redundancy into criticalsurvival systems: food, water, energy, etc.Redundancy and diversity support security.Design Goals: Build redundancy into:• Food: Scalable, diverse local food supply.• Energy: Diverse blend of local fuel and energysources.• Economy: Develop a diverse local economy.Support local businesses first.
Use biological resources• Principle: Use biological resources instead of fossilfueled or industrially based resources.• Design Goal:• Biological Economics• Return to biologically based local food, energy, andeconomic systems.• Take advantage of the productive potential of naturalsystems• Close the loops. Turn “Waste” into resources.• Carefully choose imports to support biological systems.