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The Forest
                          Garden Vision
                          Kazakhstan, Polycultures, and Eden




www.ap...
The Permaculture Pie
                                                 biochar/
                           bioremediation  ...
The Permaculture Pie
                                                 biochar/
                           bioremediation  ...
GAIA UNIVERSITY
  NORTHEAST
    www.gaianortheast.org
5
“Multi-Gene Cuisine”
          Sweden
                   Kazakhstan

Home
                           Japan




Chile      ...
Balsgard,
Sweden
Japan:
Sacred Fruit
Japan Apples
Japan Apples
Japan Apples
Research, Chile
Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples
Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples




• Tian-Shan Mountains
Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples




• Tian-Shan Mountains
Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples




• Tian-Shan Mountains

• Similar climate, temperate forests…
Kazakhstan: Zailisky Range
Valley, Zailisky Range
Ancient Trees

      40-50ft tall




80-100 years old
Ancient Trees

      40-50ft tall




80-100 years old
Tree Size
         Wild Kazakh tree
              60-70ft


US Orchard
Apple Tree
  12-15ft

               Ethan
        ...
The Wild Apple Forest
Diversity!
Aimak Djangaliev
The Silk Road
The Silk Road
The Silk Road
The Silk Road
Why Visit
the Origin?
Why Visit
   the Origin?
• Center of
  Diversity
Why Visit
   the Origin?
• Center of
  Diversity
• Interesting Traits:
Ridgetop, 5300ft
EMAL27
             EMAL27
1616m
N43.22.11’
E77.40.38’

53mm avg.
diameter

Amazing
Lemon-
Candy
Flavor
EMAL25
EMAL25
         1619m
         N43.22.11’
         E77.40.36’

         49mm avg.
         diameter

         Bitte...
EMAL25
EMAL25
         1619m
         N43.22.11’
         E77.40.36’

         49mm avg.
         diameter

         Bitte...
Eden?
Eden?
Eden?
Eden?
Eden?
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
• Pears,
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
• Pears,
• Apricots,
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
• Pears,
• Apricots,
• Cherries,
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,
•   Cherries,
•   Plums,
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,
•   Cherries,
•   Plums,
•   Walnuts,
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,
•   Cherries,
•   Plums,
•   Walnuts,
•   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,
•   Cherries,
•   Plums,
•   Walnuts,
•   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,
•   Cherries,
•   Plums,
•   Walnuts,
•   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,
•   Cherries,
•   Plums,
•   Walnuts,
•   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     • Rosehips,
•   Cherries,
•   Plums,
•...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     • Rosehips,
                  • Raspbe...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     • Rosehips,
                  • Raspbe...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     •   Rosehips,
                  •   Ra...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     •   Rosehips,
                  •   Ra...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     •   Rosehips,
                  •   Ra...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     •   Rosehips,
                  •   Ra...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,
•   Apricots,     •   Rosehips,
                  •   Ra...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             • Grapes,
•   Apricots,     ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             • Grapes,
•   Apricots,     ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             • Grapes,
•   Apricots,     ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             •   Grapes,
•   Apricots,   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             •   Grapes,
•   Apricots,   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             •   Grapes,
•   Apricots,   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             •   Grapes,
•   Apricots,   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                             •   Grapes,
•   Apricots,   ...
What Else Grows in the Wild Apple
           Forests…?
•   Pears,                           •   Grapes,
•   Apricots,     ...
The Wild Apple Forest
The Wild Food Forest
Monoculture Mind   30
Monoculture Mind   31
Monoculture Mind   32
What can we do?




                  33
Monoculture Mind   34
Polyculture Paradise!   35
Polyculture Paradise!   36
Polyculture Paradise!   37
Polyculture Paradise!   38
Edible Forest Garden: A Definition
Edible Forest Garden: A Definition
• A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the
  structure and function of temperate...
Edible Forest Garden: A Definition
• A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the
  structure and function of temperate...
Edible Forest Garden: A Definition
• A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the
  structure and function of temperate...
Edible Forest Garden: A Definition
• A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the
  structure and function of temperate...
Perennial
   Polyculture
  Medlar
  (Mespilus germanica)
    Tansy
    (Tanacetum vulgare)
       Yarrow
       (Achillea ...
Production Scale
‘Support A’ Polyculture
TBD understory
44
45
46
47
Kazakh Mimic Patch 2006




                      Photo: Ethan Roland
Kazakh Mimic Patch 2006
Kazakh Mimic Patch 2008




                          50
Kazakh Mimic Patch 2009




                          51
The Wild Food Forest
The Wild Food Forests




                        53
54
55
The Forest
                          Garden Vision
                          Kazakhstan, Polycultures, and Eden




www.ap...
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The Forest Garden Vision

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Regenerative abundance - Polyculture paradise! Learn more at http://su.pr/2uAoIU

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The Forest Garden Vision

  1. 1. The Forest Garden Vision Kazakhstan, Polycultures, and Eden www.appleseedpermaculture.com Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture LLC With Gratitude to Dave Jacke, Eric Toensmeier, and Dyami Nason-Regan. Apios Institute
  2. 2. The Permaculture Pie biochar/ bioremediation terra preta composting & aquaculture food forestry compost tea coppice perennial woodcrafts vegetables & biomass apiculture keyline mycoscaping management- alternative intensive grazing currencies earthworks edible forest green architecture natural building gardening
  3. 3. The Permaculture Pie biochar/ bioremediation terra preta composting & aquaculture food forestry compost tea coppice perennial woodcrafts vegetables & biomass apiculture keyline mycoscaping management- alternative intensive grazing currencies earthworks natural building edible forest green architecture gardening
  4. 4. GAIA UNIVERSITY NORTHEAST www.gaianortheast.org
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. “Multi-Gene Cuisine” Sweden Kazakhstan Home Japan Chile New Zealand
  7. 7. Balsgard, Sweden
  8. 8. Japan: Sacred Fruit
  9. 9. Japan Apples
  10. 10. Japan Apples
  11. 11. Japan Apples
  12. 12. Research, Chile
  13. 13. Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples
  14. 14. Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples • Tian-Shan Mountains
  15. 15. Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples • Tian-Shan Mountains
  16. 16. Kazakhstan: The Origin of Apples • Tian-Shan Mountains • Similar climate, temperate forests…
  17. 17. Kazakhstan: Zailisky Range
  18. 18. Valley, Zailisky Range
  19. 19. Ancient Trees 40-50ft tall 80-100 years old
  20. 20. Ancient Trees 40-50ft tall 80-100 years old
  21. 21. Tree Size Wild Kazakh tree 60-70ft US Orchard Apple Tree 12-15ft Ethan 5’10”
  22. 22. The Wild Apple Forest
  23. 23. Diversity!
  24. 24. Aimak Djangaliev
  25. 25. The Silk Road
  26. 26. The Silk Road
  27. 27. The Silk Road
  28. 28. The Silk Road
  29. 29. Why Visit the Origin?
  30. 30. Why Visit the Origin? • Center of Diversity
  31. 31. Why Visit the Origin? • Center of Diversity • Interesting Traits:
  32. 32. Ridgetop, 5300ft
  33. 33. EMAL27 EMAL27 1616m N43.22.11’ E77.40.38’ 53mm avg. diameter Amazing Lemon- Candy Flavor
  34. 34. EMAL25 EMAL25 1619m N43.22.11’ E77.40.36’ 49mm avg. diameter Bitter-Sweet. Wild red- flesh variety.
  35. 35. EMAL25 EMAL25 1619m N43.22.11’ E77.40.36’ 49mm avg. diameter Bitter-Sweet. Wild red- flesh variety.
  36. 36. Eden?
  37. 37. Eden?
  38. 38. Eden?
  39. 39. Eden?
  40. 40. Eden?
  41. 41. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…?
  42. 42. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears,
  43. 43. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots,
  44. 44. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries,
  45. 45. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums,
  46. 46. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts,
  47. 47. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds,
  48. 48. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios,
  49. 49. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries,
  50. 50. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes,
  51. 51. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes,
  52. 52. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes,
  53. 53. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes,
  54. 54. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes,
  55. 55. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes,
  56. 56. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes,
  57. 57. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Hawthornes,
  58. 58. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  59. 59. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  60. 60. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  61. 61. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Hops, • Plums, • Barberries, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  62. 62. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Hops, • Plums, • Barberries, • Onions, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  63. 63. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Hops, • Plums, • Barberries, • Onions, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Cannabis, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  64. 64. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Hops, • Plums, • Barberries, • Onions, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Cannabis, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Sorrels, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  65. 65. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Hops, • Plums, • Barberries, • Onions, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Cannabis, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Sorrels, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Umbels, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  66. 66. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Hops, • Plums, • Barberries, • Onions, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Cannabis, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Sorrels, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Umbels, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Rhubarbs, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes,
  67. 67. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, • Apricots, • Rosehips, • Currants, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Hops, • Plums, • Barberries, • Onions, • Walnuts, • Bilberries, • Cannabis, • Elderberries, • Almonds, • Sorrels, • Pistachios, • Silverberries, • Umbels, • Mulberries, • Seaberries, • Rhubarbs, • Gooseberries, • Hawthornes, • and more…
  68. 68. The Wild Apple Forest
  69. 69. The Wild Food Forest
  70. 70. Monoculture Mind 30
  71. 71. Monoculture Mind 31
  72. 72. Monoculture Mind 32
  73. 73. What can we do? 33
  74. 74. Monoculture Mind 34
  75. 75. Polyculture Paradise! 35
  76. 76. Polyculture Paradise! 36
  77. 77. Polyculture Paradise! 37
  78. 78. Polyculture Paradise! 38
  79. 79. Edible Forest Garden: A Definition
  80. 80. Edible Forest Garden: A Definition • A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the structure and function of temperate forests.
  81. 81. Edible Forest Garden: A Definition • A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the structure and function of temperate forests.
  82. 82. Edible Forest Garden: A Definition • A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the structure and function of temperate forests. • A perennial polyculture of multipurpose plants – Perennial = 3-3000+ yrs – Mono vs. Poly – Each species fulfills AT LEAST 3 functions (7 f’s)
  83. 83. Edible Forest Garden: A Definition • A consciously designed ecosystem that mimics the structure and function of temperate forests. • A perennial polyculture of multipurpose plants – Perennial = 3-3000+ yrs – Mono vs. Poly – Each species fulfills AT LEAST 3 functions (7 f’s) • Forest Gardens: Like vs. In
  84. 84. Perennial Polyculture Medlar (Mespilus germanica) Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare) Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Common Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Blue Comfrey (Symphytum grandiflorum)
  85. 85. Production Scale
  86. 86. ‘Support A’ Polyculture
  87. 87. TBD understory
  88. 88. 44
  89. 89. 45
  90. 90. 46
  91. 91. 47
  92. 92. Kazakh Mimic Patch 2006 Photo: Ethan Roland
  93. 93. Kazakh Mimic Patch 2006
  94. 94. Kazakh Mimic Patch 2008 50
  95. 95. Kazakh Mimic Patch 2009 51
  96. 96. The Wild Food Forest
  97. 97. The Wild Food Forests 53
  98. 98. 54
  99. 99. 55
  100. 100. The Forest Garden Vision Kazakhstan, Polycultures, and Eden www.appleseedpermaculture.com Ethan C. Roland, AppleSeed Permaculture LLC With Gratitude to Dave Jacke, Eric Toensmeier, and Dyami Nason-Regan. Apios Institute

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