November 2, 2012 New Delhi, India Presented by JAYESH HARIYANIM. Arch, MBA, AIA, COA, LEED AP Burt Hill - StantecBIOMIMICRY
STANTEC SNAPSHOTS Founded in 1954 Multidisciplinary global design firm Recognized as a world-class leader and innovator in the delivery of sustainable solutions. Diverse range of markets at all stages of development Trades on the TSX and NYSE (STN) Stantec. One Team. Integrated Solutions.
STANTEC SNAPSHOTS 13500+ staff across 190 locations globally 56 years of uninterrupted profitability 18 practice areas “Full-service” Buildings, Environment, Industrial, Transportation, Urban Land and Construction Administration Services Cutting-Edge Technology Award Winning Projects 500,000 projects, 50,000 clients, in 80 different countries ISO 9001:2008 Registered Stantec. One Team. Integrated Solutions.
GLOBAL LEDERASHIP INSUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND LEED
Design Positioning Statement INTEGRATION OF SYSTEMS SUSTAINABLE DESIGN ARCHITECTURE THE ENVIRONMENT Performance Based Design + INNOVATION HUMANISM EXPERIENTAL DESIGN
“From my designer’sperspective, I ask: Whycan’t I design a buildinglike a tree?A building that makes oxygen, fixesnitrogen, sequesters carbon, distilswater, builds soil, accrues solarenergy as fuel, makes complexsugars and food, createsmicroclimates, changes colours withthe seasons and self replicates.This is using nature as a model and amentor, not as an inconvenience.It’s a delightful prospect…’(McDonough and Braungart,)
What is “Biomimicry”It is the examination of nature, its models,systems, processes, and elements toemulate or take inspiration from in order tosolve human problems.From the Greek words bios, meaning life, and mimesis, meaning to imitate.
What is “Biomimicry”Over the last 3.6 billion years, nature has gonethrough a process to refine the living organisms,processes, and materials on planet Earth.It is not a new idea.Humans have been looking at nature foranswers to both complex and simple problemsthroughout our existence. Nature has solvedmany of todays engineering problems.
BIOMIMETIC APPROACHES• Biomimicry, where flora, fauna or entire ecosystems are emulated as a basis for design• It is a growing area of research in the fields of architecture and engineering.WHY : • an inspirational source of possible new innovation • The potential it offers as a way to create a more sustainable and even regenerative built environment.The widespread and practical application of biomimicry as a design methodremains however largely unrealised.
WHY :• Biomimetic approach to architectural design that incorporates an understanding of ecosystems could become a vehicle for creating a built environment that goes beyond simply sustaining current conditions to a restorative practice where the built environment becomes a vital component in the integration with and regeneration of natural ecosystems. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA – LEED Platinum Mafraq Dialysis Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE
DESIGN APPROACHES TOBIOMIMICRY:1:DESIGN LOOKING INTOBIOLOGY:Defining a human need or designproblem and looking to the waysother organisms or ecosystems tosolve this,Identifying a particularcharacteristic, behaviour or functionin an organism or ecosystem andtranslating that into human designs,referred to as biology influencingdesign Cartilege or Semi-rigid Car, by Tom Wiscombe Design(Biomimicry Guild,)
DESIGN LOOKING INTO BIOLOGYDesigner looks to the livingworld for solutions, requiresdesigner to identify problemsand biologists to then matchthese to organisms that havesolved similar issues.This approach is effectivelyled by designer identifyinginitial goals and parametersfor the design.
DESIGN APPROACHES TOBIOMIMICRY:2:BIOLOGY INFLUENCINGDESIGNWhen biological knowledgeinfluences human design, thecollaborative design process isinitially dependant on peoplehaving knowledge of relevantbiological or ecological researchrather than on determined humandesign problems. An examples isthe scientific analysis of the lotusflower emerging clean fromswampy waters which lead tomany design innovations. Thematic Pavilion, South Korea
LEVEL OF BIOMIMICRYOrganism Level( Mimicry of a specific organism)Behaviour Level(Mimicry of how an organism behaves or relates to its larger context)Ecosystem Level(Mimicry of an ecosystem) :o Formo Materialo Constructiono Processo Function
ORGANISM LEVELSpecial feature, rather than awhole ecosystemHumans have an extensive pool ofexamples to draw on to solveproblems experienced by societythat organisms may have alreadyaddressed, usually in energy andmaterials effective ways Dragonfly at Sci Arc by Tom Wiscombe Design
ECOSYSTEM LEVELWhere objective is the wellbeing of ecosystems, ratherthan ‘power, prestige or profit’.On a functional level,ecosystem mimicry couldmean that an in-depthunderstanding of ecologydrives the design of a builtenvironment that is able toparticipate in the majorbiogeochemical materialcycles of the planet.
BIOMIMICRY TO INCREASESUSTAINABILITYBiomimicry to be conceivedas a way to increasesustainability of anarchitectural project…..Mimicking of generalecosystem principles shouldbe incorporated into thedesign at the earliest stageand used as an evaluativetool throughout the designprocess.
BIOMIMICRY: GREEN BY DEFAULT?Environmental assessment ofexisting biomimetic productsreveals some practicalconsequences of thereductive mindset.Simple imitation vs GreendesignImitation of the living worldis not by defaultenvironmentally superior.
Life’s Characteristics and Relation toEngineering•Life builds form from the bottom-up•Life fits form to function Behavior Level•Life depends on Water•Life is cyclic (processes) and recycles (material resources)•Life is locally attuned and resourceful•Life adapts and evolves•Life coexists within a cooperative framework
PROCESS CYCLE• VISIONING• PLANNING & PROGRAMING• DESIGN• EXICUTION• OCUPATION & DATA COLLECTION• ANALYSIS - RESEARCH & SYNTHESIS• VISIONING….
CHANGING THE METAPHOR• To emulate nature, our first challenge is to describe her in her terms.• The collaborative teams ability to create a strong sense of community, clear goals, and their interest in searching for integrated designs that are inspired by nature will dramatically improve the results.• Establishing and maintaining this forum for discovery requires more preparation, research and participation by more people (all stakeholders). More participation means more time and money. Fortunately there is a growing body of evidence that the additional investment delivers long term benefits including increases in flexibility, durability, and human health and productivity, with decreases in energy consumption, pollution and operating costs.
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA – LEED Platinum
Mafraq Dialysis Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE 7407 SM
“Nature supports right actions”“Nature works in parallel ways”“The nature of life is to more and more”“If a man is able to submit himself to nature, then nature will react to his needs. Almighty nature is powerful and all loving, for the laws of nature are for the creation and evolution of all beings and creatures throughout cosmos. There is no greater kindness than the kindness of nature.”Quotes from Maharishi Yogi