ISLAND CREATED DURING
THE QUAKE
M7.7 EARTHQUAKE STRIKES
WESTERN PAKISTAN
(Distant Locations Feel Shaking
From Shallow Earthquake)
September 24, 2013
LOCATION OF PAKISTAN
4:29 PM, SEPT. 24, 2013
• At 4:29 pm local time, a dangerous time
of the day, a magnitude-7.7 earthquake
occurred at a SHA...
TECTONIC SETTING
• According to the US Geological Survey,
the earthquake, which had a relatively
shallow depth, was center...
A COMPLEX TECTONIC
SETTING
A COMPLEX TECTONIC
SETTING
UNIQUE HAPPENING: THE
QUAKE’S TECTONICS
CREATED AN ISLAND
ISLAND CREATED DURING
THE QUAKE
ISLAND: EARTHQUAKE OR
VOLCANO RELATED?
NEW ISLAND EMMITING
POISONOUS GAS
• The new island, now extending
20 m (60-70 feet) above the
water, began emitting
poison...
DEATHS
EARLY REPORTS OF
DEATHS
• Early reports indicate that at least 327
people died as the result of collapses
of mud brick hou...
MUD BRICK HOUSES
COLLAPSED
RUBBLE EVERYWHERE
BUILDINGS COLLAPSED
EXTRACTING A CAR FROM
THE RUBBLE
A GRIM OUTLOOK
• The death toll will likely increase.
• You don’t need to be an earthquake
engineer to know that an earthq...
SHAKING FELT OVER A WIDE AREA
• People ran outside buildings in
Karachi, Hyderabad, Larkana and other
towns and cities of ...
THE QUAKE WAS FELT STRONGLY
IN KARACHI (710 km (430 miles))
KARACHI’S WORKDAY IS
OVER
Long traffic jams were seen on
the roads of Karachi as people,
concerned about the inevitable
aftershocks, left office ear...
RELIEF
First 24 Hours
LOCATION OF QUETTA, THE
PROVENCIAL CAPITAL
RELIEF OPERATIONS PLANNING
BEGAN IMMEDIATELY. . .
BUT IMPLEMENTATION WAS
SLOWED BY FACTORS RANGING
FROM TRAFFIC JAMS TO A
...
LOW MORALE IN STRICKEN
REGION
• People in the stricken area feel
they have been neglected for
decades – they cite lack of
...
CURRENT PUBLIC
PERCEPTIONS
• “If the government had paid attention
to these areas before the quake and
built health and me...
QUICK RESPONSE
• Province officials declared a
state-of- emergency in
Awaran, where 90 percent of
Balochistan’s largest di...
QUICK RESPONSE
• The army planned to dispatch
relief, rescue, and medical teams,
300 soldiers, and a helicopter to
the wor...
MILITARY LOADING
SUPPLIES
A RELIEF TEAM LOADING
SUPPLIES
HINDERANCES IN FIRST 24
HOURS
• In the first 24 hours no one could reach
the villages in the remote, hardest hit
areas, an...
SEPT. 25: RELIEF
OPERATIONS SLOWED
• Two rockets were fired
unsuccessfully from the ground at
a military helicopter taking...
A 2013 WINDOW OF
OPPORTUNITY?
• Local social workers say
September 2013 could be an
opportune moment for the
government to...
A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY?
(Continued)
• “It is a great opportunity to reach out to
the locals through aid, and it is never
...
REMEMBERING THE 2008
EARTHQUAKE IN
PAKISTAN
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
• The earthquake struck near Quetta,
the capitol of Baluchistan Province.
• Quetta, hit by a deva...
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
• Ziarat, located in the hills and one of
the poorest areas of Pakistan, was
devastated by landsl...
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE:
LEAVING WITH BELONGINGS
2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE:
RESCUE WORKERS ARRIVE
PAKISTAN AIR FORCE
ORGANIZING RELIEF
REMEMBERING THE 2005
EARTHQUAKE IN
PAKISTAN
2005 EARTHQUAKE
• 80,000 were Killed in the M7.6
earthquake that struck Kashmir
and Islamabad in northern
Pakistan in Octo...
OCTOBER 8, 2005 PAKISTAN
EARTHQUAKE
LONG-TERM RECOVERY NEEDS
AFTER EARTHQUAKE DISASTER
• NEED: 2 TO 3 MILLION NEW
DWELLINGS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE
RESILIENT.
• N...
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Update No. 2 Western Pakistan Earthquake September 25, 2013

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People ran outside buildings in Karachi, Hyderabad, Larkana and other towns and cities of the Sindh province, and as far away as Lahore, Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
Shaking was also felt in New Delhi and some other parts of northern India. Early reports indicate that at least 327 people died as the result of collapses of mud brick houses and poorly constructed buildings. The new island, now extending 20 m (60-70 feet) above the water, began emitting poisonous methane gas on September 26. Presentation courtesy of Dr Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Update No. 2 Western Pakistan Earthquake September 25, 2013

  1. 1. ISLAND CREATED DURING THE QUAKE
  2. 2. M7.7 EARTHQUAKE STRIKES WESTERN PAKISTAN (Distant Locations Feel Shaking From Shallow Earthquake) September 24, 2013
  3. 3. LOCATION OF PAKISTAN
  4. 4. 4:29 PM, SEPT. 24, 2013 • At 4:29 pm local time, a dangerous time of the day, a magnitude-7.7 earthquake occurred at a SHALLOW depth of 23 km in a seismically active area 63 km (36 miles) from the city of Awaran, located in Pakistan’s Balochistan Province.
  5. 5. TECTONIC SETTING • According to the US Geological Survey, the earthquake, which had a relatively shallow depth, was centered at a complex triple junction in the Earth’s subsurface where the Arabian tectonic plate is pushing its way beneath the Eurasian plate as the Indian plate is ramming both of them from the south:
  6. 6. A COMPLEX TECTONIC SETTING
  7. 7. A COMPLEX TECTONIC SETTING
  8. 8. UNIQUE HAPPENING: THE QUAKE’S TECTONICS CREATED AN ISLAND
  9. 9. ISLAND CREATED DURING THE QUAKE
  10. 10. ISLAND: EARTHQUAKE OR VOLCANO RELATED?
  11. 11. NEW ISLAND EMMITING POISONOUS GAS • The new island, now extending 20 m (60-70 feet) above the water, began emitting poisonous methane gas on September 26.
  12. 12. DEATHS
  13. 13. EARLY REPORTS OF DEATHS • Early reports indicate that at least 327 people died as the result of collapses of mud brick houses and poorly constructed buildings.
  14. 14. MUD BRICK HOUSES COLLAPSED
  15. 15. RUBBLE EVERYWHERE
  16. 16. BUILDINGS COLLAPSED
  17. 17. EXTRACTING A CAR FROM THE RUBBLE
  18. 18. A GRIM OUTLOOK • The death toll will likely increase. • You don’t need to be an earthquake engineer to know that an earthquake in this remote part of Pakistan, where homes are made of mud brick or rubble masonry, will lead to more building collapses and a much higher mortality and morbidity toll than for a similar earthquake in Italy or California.
  19. 19. SHAKING FELT OVER A WIDE AREA • People ran outside buildings in Karachi, Hyderabad, Larkana and other towns and cities of the Sindh province, and as far away as Lahore, Rawalpindi and Islamabad. • Shaking was also felt in New Delhi and some other parts of northern India..
  20. 20. THE QUAKE WAS FELT STRONGLY IN KARACHI (710 km (430 miles))
  21. 21. KARACHI’S WORKDAY IS OVER
  22. 22. Long traffic jams were seen on the roads of Karachi as people, concerned about the inevitable aftershocks, left office early.
  23. 23. RELIEF First 24 Hours
  24. 24. LOCATION OF QUETTA, THE PROVENCIAL CAPITAL
  25. 25. RELIEF OPERATIONS PLANNING BEGAN IMMEDIATELY. . . BUT IMPLEMENTATION WAS SLOWED BY FACTORS RANGING FROM TRAFFIC JAMS TO A ROCKET ATTACK
  26. 26. LOW MORALE IN STRICKEN REGION • People in the stricken area feel they have been neglected for decades – they cite lack of schools, roads, and civil provisions here as proof.
  27. 27. CURRENT PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS • “If the government had paid attention to these areas before the quake and built health and medical facilities there (which are currently nonexistent), things would not have been so bad. • “Many of the critically injured continue to die because hey are receiving no help.”
  28. 28. QUICK RESPONSE • Province officials declared a state-of- emergency in Awaran, where 90 percent of Balochistan’s largest district was destroyed.
  29. 29. QUICK RESPONSE • The army planned to dispatch relief, rescue, and medical teams, 300 soldiers, and a helicopter to the worst-hit areas located seven to eight hours' drive from Quetta, the provincial capital
  30. 30. MILITARY LOADING SUPPLIES
  31. 31. A RELIEF TEAM LOADING SUPPLIES
  32. 32. HINDERANCES IN FIRST 24 HOURS • In the first 24 hours no one could reach the villages in the remote, hardest hit areas, and … • Most of the aid was stuck in Quetta, the capital, because of concerns about security
  33. 33. SEPT. 25: RELIEF OPERATIONS SLOWED • Two rockets were fired unsuccessfully from the ground at a military helicopter taking relief supplies to the stricken areas; • Understandably, operations thereafter were slowed and many villages have not received help
  34. 34. A 2013 WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY? • Local social workers say September 2013 could be an opportune moment for the government to win the hearts and minds of those who are disillusioned. .
  35. 35. A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY? (Continued) • “It is a great opportunity to reach out to the locals through aid, and it is never too late to show them that you care,” said Mohammad Dawood, who heads the National Welfare Organization, a local nongovernmental organization in Balochistan, and who has been attempting to provide aid in the stricken area.
  36. 36. REMEMBERING THE 2008 EARTHQUAKE IN PAKISTAN
  37. 37. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
  38. 38. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE • The earthquake struck near Quetta, the capitol of Baluchistan Province. • Quetta, hit by a devastating earthquake in 1935, is located in a known fault zone caused by ongoing collision of the Indo- Australian and Eurasian plates.
  39. 39. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE • Ziarat, located in the hills and one of the poorest areas of Pakistan, was devastated by landslides and collapse of mud brick houses. • Early estimates indicate that as many as 12,000 are now homeless in 40 degree weather.
  40. 40. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
  41. 41. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
  42. 42. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
  43. 43. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
  44. 44. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE: LEAVING WITH BELONGINGS
  45. 45. 2008 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE: RESCUE WORKERS ARRIVE
  46. 46. PAKISTAN AIR FORCE ORGANIZING RELIEF
  47. 47. REMEMBERING THE 2005 EARTHQUAKE IN PAKISTAN
  48. 48. 2005 EARTHQUAKE • 80,000 were Killed in the M7.6 earthquake that struck Kashmir and Islamabad in northern Pakistan in October 2005.
  49. 49. OCTOBER 8, 2005 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE
  50. 50. LONG-TERM RECOVERY NEEDS AFTER EARTHQUAKE DISASTER • NEED: 2 TO 3 MILLION NEW DWELLINGS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT. • NEED: NEW SCHOOLS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT. • NEED: NEW HOSPITALS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT. • NEED: INFRASTRUCTURE THAT IS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.
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