WE ARE FACING IMPENDING
WE ARE THEREFORE UNDER RISK
WHAT IS DISASTER RISK?
= HAZARD X VULNERABILITY –
serious disruption of the functioning of a
society, causing widespread human, material,
or environmental losses which exceed the
ability of the affected society to cope using its
own resources (Definition by the UN)
“A Catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave
occurrence in any area arising from natural or
man made causes, or by accidents or
negligence which result in substantial loss of
life or human suffering or damage to, and
destruction of property, or damage to, or
degradation of, environment, and is of such a
nature magnitude as to be beyond the coping
capacity of the community of the affected
area.” (DM Act, 2005)
LET US THINK OF SOME EXAMPLES OF
CAN WE CALL AN EARTHQUAKE AS A
WHAT IF A BIG EARTHQUAKE OCCURS IN AN
A dangerous condition or event or
occurrence that threatens or have the
potential to cause disruption / damage /
injury to life , infrastructure and
services, property and environment.
Example: Earthquake, landslide, cyclone,
volcanic eruptions, war etc.
Magnitude of the phenomenon,
probability of occurrence, the extent
and severity of impact may vary.
The extent to which a community can
be affected by the impact of a
Conditions like Ignorance, poverty,
lack of information, inadequacy etc
adds to the severity of a Disaster.
(Physical & Socio-Economic
vulnerable conditions can turn
a situation into a risk or possibility of
Disaster in any area.
THOSE RESOURCES AND STRENGTHS
WHICH EXISTS IN HOUSEHOLDS AND
COMMUNITIES ENABLING THEM TO COPE
WITH, WITHSTAND, PREPARE FOR,
MITIGATE OR QUICKLY RECOVER FROM A
THOSE RESOURCES AND STRENGTHS
WHICH EXISTS IN HOUSEHOLDS
AND COMMUNITIES ENABLING THEM
TO COPE WITH, WITHSTAND ,
PREPARE FOR, MITIGATE OR
QUICKLY RECOVER FROM A DISASTER
Tornado in State of Orissa, India
1 died with 6 person injured (lighting struck during the
February 10: Chandigarh/Dehradun Earthquake, Minor
Some houses developed cracks in Barkot area, place near
to epicenter. Barkot is a town and a nagar panchayat in
Uttarkashi District in the state of Uttarakhand, India
March 30: “High Temperature” Warning Issued In
The Meteorological Department of India has issued a
“high temperature” warning in Gujarat following the
severe heat wave
March 28: Moderate Quake Shakes Parts Of Nepal And
India, Several Houses Damaged
Several houses reported to be damaged in Taplejung.
Earlier M 6.8 very strong earthquake in Nepal/Sikkim
area damaged 100+ houses in Taplejung of Nepal. The
houses which already developed cracks/damage during
Nepal/Sikkim earthquake are reported to damaged by
March 22: Sandstorm in Rajasthan and Maharastra, India
North-easterly wind brought dust/sand from Rajasthan to
Mumbai and Dahanu, India
March 20: Strong storm hits Kashmir
One person died due to Cyclonic storm in Kashmir, 17
injured and about 1000 structures damaged
March 12: Two Moderate Quakes Rocked Kashmir Valley,
The earthquake tremor was felt as far as Srinagar and rest
of Kashmir valley and some parts of Pakistan as well
March 5: Moderate Shallow Earthquake Strikes Rohtak,
M 5.2 Moderate Earthquake Strikes Haryana - Delhi
April 25: Cyclone in Tinsukia, Assam, India
Three killed after cyclone and heavy hailstorms hit
Tinsukia district of Assam, India.
April 20: Huge fire in Tirumala forest, India
500 acres of forest destroyed in fire in Tirumala.
Apeil 14: Thunderstorm/lightning in Kolkata, India
8 killed after lightning stuck in an open agricultural field.
April 13: Thunder/Hailstorms in India
14 people killed and about 200 injured in India
April 10: Cyclonic storms in Tripura, India
Seven killed and at least 30 people injured in Tripura, India
April 7: Heavy hailstorms reported in several parts of
Heavy hailstorms reported in several parts of Hyderabad, India
May 31: Landslide In Sikkim, India- 4,000 Tourists Affected
About 4,000 tourists affected by landslide near Gangtok
and Tsongmo Lake.
May 30: Assam Major Earthquake Prediction Go Viral : But
The news was viral when an astrologers claimed
possibilities of three major earthquakes through a local
May 20: Heat wave in Odisha, India
Four people reported to be killed in in a heat wave in
May 2: Thunderstorm in Balwatoli, Kishanganj, India
Six killed and more than 50 injured after thunderstorms hit
Balwatoli in Bihar’s Kishanganjdistrict, India
June 30: Strong earthquake shakes Assam, Manipur and
Tremors were felt in most parts of Assam, Nagaland, and Manipur,
besides in Bangladesh and Myanmar.
June 28: Flash floods in Manipur, India
At least 40 houses reported to be flooded in Jiribam in
June 27: Landslide and flooding in Guwahati, India
One killed and three other injured in a landslide in Santipur hillside
of Guwahati, India.
June 21: Flooding in Patna, India
India Meteorological Department (IMD), Patna issued floods
forecast for river catchments.
June 16: Flooding in Assam, India
Latest flooding in Assam affects Barpeta, Darrang and
June 9: Landslide in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Around 400 passengers rescued from the Khardung La
Pass in Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir.
June 5: Heavy storms in Tripura, India
One killed and more than 200 houses collapsed in storms
in Tripura districts.
June 5: Flooding in Assam, India
Over 30 villages in Udalguri district affected by
June 4: Tornado In Tripura, India-50 Houses Damaged
Tornado hit Satinitilla Chowmuhani village along western
border of Tripura.
June 2: Wild fires in Uttarakhand, India
More than 70 forest fires incident reported across
Uttarakhand state of India.
July 21: Flooding in Hyderabad, India
Nine people reported to be killed in recent Hyderabad
July 19: Flooding in Malda, India
Three people reported to be killed in Malda flood.
July 17: Flooding in North Bengal, India
More than 2,000 people displaced after flash floods hit
North Bengal of India. One person is reported to be
missing in Magurmari.
July 5: Landslides in Chamoli, India
One killed and 15 other injured in a landslide in
Rishikesh-Badrinath National Highway in
Chamoli district of India.
July 4: Lightning in Mumbai, India
Lightning struck Mumbai-bound Boeing 737 carrying 99
August 20: Landslides in Himachal Pradesh, India
Hundreds of tourists remained stranded in the tribal Kaza area as
landslides blocked the roads.
August 15: Flash floods in Rajasthan, India
Three killed by recent flash floods in Pratapgarh and Ajmer
districts in Rajasthan.
August 13: Two killed in flash floods in Kumaon region of
Death toll from Uttarkashi is now 33. MI-17 helicopters airlifted
nearly 44 pilgrims from Harsil area.
August 05: Uttarkashi, India hit by worst natural tragedy in 34
Recent Uttarkashi flood has been declared as the worst natural
tragedy to hit the area in 34 years .
August 04: Flash floods in Kullu, India
Hundreds of families living close to river between Palchan and
Very High Risk
Magnitude 8 and
Source: IS 1893 (Part 1) : 2002 (BIS)
Records of Central Seismological Observatory
showed increasing seismic activity in the region.
A total 34 quakes of light and moderate intensity
were felt in the region in 2009. The area witnessed
26 earthquakes each in 2008 and 2007, while it was
23 in 2006, the data showed.
Earthquakes are not predictable, can occur any
time, and are of short duration
Disasters due to Earthquake are Natural
We cannot prevent Earthquakes, we can be
prepared and try to mitigate the effects of an
Lives lost or people are injured
Damage to property & infrastructure like roads and
bridges, Power Stations etc
There may not be any electricity
Water supply will be disrupted
Mobile or telecommunication towers may collapse
Road network may be affected
THE FUNDAMENTAL OBJECTIVE OF
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IS TO
MINIMISE THE LOSS OF LIFE,
LIVELIHOOD AND SUFFERING THAT
Disaster Risk Reduction
is a conceptual framework of elements to minimize
disaster risks throughout a society within the
context of sustainable development.
Prevention +Mitigation+ Preparedness
(i) risk awareness and assessment,
(ii) knowledge development,
(iii) institutional frameworks,
(iv) application of land-use protection, science and
technology, partnerships, financial,
(v) early warning systems
DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE
Secure your safety &
Immediate interventionsearch& Rescue, water,
Restoration of Basic
Full resumption of
SOME DM INTERVENTIONS ARE
of disasters on
effect of a
Typically BEFORE a disaster event.
Activities designed to provide assistance to meet
basic preservation and subsistence needs of
Typically DURING a disaster event
Decisions and actions
taken with a view to
restoring or improving the
conditions of the stricken
adjustments to reduce
practices of disaster
This links up to
Typically AFTER a disaster event
Disaster Management Approaches
the organization and
resources and responsibilities for
dealing with all aspects
of emergencies, particularly
Disaster Risk Management
A systematic process of using
administrative decisions, organizations,
operational capacities to implement
policies, strategies, coping capacities
to lessen impacts of hazards.
It comprises of
PERSONAL & COMMUNITY AWARENESS
During time of Disaster, there will be delay before
help from outside arrives. A first help is essential.
A prepared Community is one which has:
An ALERT, INFORMED and actively AWARE
A Preparedness & Response Plan
An active and involved local Government
Agreed, coordinated arrangements for Response,
Preparedness and Mitigation Measures.