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Elections

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Elections Elections Presentation Transcript

  • Electoral Politics
  • Voters and elections
    Impacts of being a rational actor
    We pay attention to information that matters most for our daily life
    Most people don’t think political information is in that category
    Voters have low levels of information
  • How we vote--
    Heuristics or Cognitive Shortcuts– rather than getting full information we use and indicator that can approximate our preferences.
    Party
    Follow opinion of someone we trust
    Gender
    Split- Ticket Voting– vote for different parties in different races.
    Strategic reasons– don’t want government getting too powerful (not a lot of evidence to support this theory)
    Sincere voting– responding to differences between contests and applying different criteria. I.E., We want different things from a congressperson, a president, a judge, and a county commissioner.
  • Impacts on elections
    Partisanship as a cognitive shortcut (or heuristic)
    Always vote a particular party
    Issues as a cognitive shortcut (or heuristic)
    Vote for the person who has the same opinion as me on issue X.
    Common heuristic issues include abortion, gay rights, and taxes.
    Candidate characteristics
    The tall guy always wins
    Trust
    Charismatic and photogenic candidates
  • How we vote--
    Heuristics or Cognitive Shortcuts
    Party
    Personality?
    What about Split Ticket Voting?
    Prospective Voting– what kind of politician will the candidate be?
    Political Issues
    Other reasons
    Retrospective Voting– how good a job did the politician do last term? Is my life better or worse?
  • Gerrymandering
    a controversial form of redistricting in which electoral district or constituency boundaries are manipulated for an electoral advantage.
    Incumbency
    Race
  • Notice how crazy district #12 looks!
  • Rep. Mike McIntyre
  • Rep. Larry Kissell
  • Legal History
    Wesberryv. Sanders (1964)
    Districts must be relatively equal in population.
    Districts must be contiguous
    Districts must be compact
    Davis v. Bandemer (1985)
    Drawing districts based on party is OK.
    Thornburg v. Ginges (1986)
    Cannot draw lines to unfairly dilute minority representation.
    Race cannot be the ONLY factor in drawing majority-minority districts.
  • Gerrymandering
    a controversial form of redistricting in which electoral district or constituency boundaries are manipulated for an electoral advantage.
    Incumbency
    Race
    Partisanship
    The Drama part I
    The Drama part II
    Oral Arguments
    Court’s Decision
    Click the underlined words to hear the NPR stories on the Texas redistricting story!
  • Political Implications
    Packing and Cracking
    Cracking– Breaking up one group so that they don’t have a chance of winning a majority
    Note: Demographically the district is evenly split.
    Packing– Concentrating a group in one district to dilute their impact across districts.
    But after cracking and packing, representation is not competitive.
  • Incumbent Advantages-
    Name Recognition
    Ties to elites, fundraising
    Allow for retrospective voting
    Electability
    Pork Barrel
    Case Work
    Political power/ Seniority in committees
    The Big Dig
  • Political Implications
  • Fig. 5.2
  • Raising money
    Individual Donors
    Rise of the internet means individual donors continue to matter tremendously!
    Parties
    National
    State
    PACs
    Types
    Bundling
  • 527 Issue Campaigns
    Cannot engage in direct electioneering
    Limits on how close to the election ads can run
    Are independent and not controlled by the candidate.
  • Tapping in to how we vote in the modern age-- Commercials
    Presidential
    A brief history of attack ads.